功夫

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Chinese[edit]

 
merit; achievement; result; service; accomplishment
husband; man
simp. and trad.
(功夫)
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功夫

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • gĕ̤ng-hŭ - colloquial;
  • gŭng-hŭ - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Wu
  • Noun[edit]

    功夫

    1. time (to do something); synonym for 工夫 (gōngfu)
      沒有功夫 / 没有功夫  ―  Wǒ méiyǒu gōngfu.  ―  I have no time. (I am busy)
      一會兒功夫一个 [MSC, trad.]
      一会儿功夫一个 [MSC, simp.]
      Yīhuìr gōngfu tā jiù pá shàng le yīgè dà shù. [Pinyin]
      He climbed up a tall tree in no time
    2. efforts (devoted to a task)
      功夫 [MSC, trad. and simp.]
      Yào huā hěn dà de gōngfu cái xíng. [Pinyin]
      It won't work unless one expends great effort.
    3. accomplishments, achievement
    4. skill; art; workmanship (especially Chinese martial arts)
      演員臺詞功夫不錯 [MSC, trad.]
      演员台词功夫不错 [MSC, simp.]
      Nà ge yǎnyuán niàn táicí de gōngfu bùcuò. [Pinyin]
      That actor's skill at reading his lines is not too shabby.
    5. kung fu (Chinese Martial art)
      中國少林功夫首次雅典亮相 [MSC, trad.]
      中国少林功夫首次雅典亮相 [MSC, simp.]
      Zhè shì Zhōngguó Shàolín gōngfu shǒucì zài Yǎdiǎn dēng tái liàngxiàng. [Pinyin]
      This was the first time that Chinese Shaolin kung fu was put on display in Athens, Greece.

    Usage notes[edit]

    • Originally, kung fu referred to any skill learned through great effort. Used by the Occident to refer to Chinese martial arts (武術武术 (wǔshù)), kung fu is now used by Chinese to also refer to martial arts, but only since the late twentieth century.

    Synonyms[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    かん
    Grade: 4
    ふう
    Grade: 4
    Irregular

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Borrowing from Mandarin 功夫 (gōngfu).[1][2]

    Compare Min Nan 功夫 (kang-hu).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    • (Irregular reading)

    Noun[edit]

    功夫 (katakana カンフー, rōmaji kanfū)
    (alternative reading katakana クンフー, romaji kunfū)

    1. kung fu: Chinese martial arts
    See also[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 4
    ふう
    Grade: 4
    on’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    功夫 (hiragana くふう, rōmaji kufū)

    1. Alternative spelling of 工夫 (kufū): a device, scheme; dedication to spiritual improvement, especially in Zen meditation

    Verb[edit]

    功夫する (hiragana くふうする, rōmaji kufū suru)

    1. Alternative spelling of 工夫 (kufū): to devise, come up with, contrive
    Conjugation[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN