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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
打-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (hand) + phonetic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 64 +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 手一弓 (QMN), four-corner 51020, composition)

  1. strike, hit, beat
  2. fight
  3. attack
  4. shoot (i.e. a firearm, as in 打枪)
  5. fetch
  6. to play
  7. a dozen (as a unit of measurement)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 417, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11781
  • Dae Jaweon: page 763, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1825, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+6253

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

This word was pronounced *teŋ in Old Chinese, as would be expected from a phonetic. (The word was previously written with itself before the addition of the component.) By the early Ming period, the character had been borrowed for another word with the same meaning but a different pronunciation (Middle Chinese ta). There appears to be no etymological relationship between the two words. In Chinese, the new reading became standard; however, derivations of the older pronunciation are still used in Japanese (ちょう chō, てい tei) and Vietnamese (đánh).

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (打), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 端 (5)
Final: 庚
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 德冷切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/tɣæŋX/ /tɐŋX/ /tɐŋX/ /tɯaŋX/ /taɨjŋX/ /tɐŋX/ /taŋX/
Character (打), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 端 (5)
Final: 青
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 都挺切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/teŋX/ /tieŋX/ /teŋX/ /teŋX/ /tɛjŋX/ /tieŋX/ /tɛŋX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
2368 0 /*rteŋʔ/ 變音,見通俗文
2391 0 /*teːŋʔ/ 見通俗文

Definitions[edit]

  1. to hit, to strike
  2. to call (someone's phone)
    手機 / 手机  ―  shǒujī  ―  to call someone's cellphone
    電話 / 电话  ―  diànhuà  ―  to call someone's telephone
  3. (involving gunpowder) to fire off; to set off
    /   ―  qiāng  ―  to fire a gun
    炮仗 [Cantonese]  ―  daa2 paau3 zoeng2 [Jyutping]  ―  to set off a firecracker
  4. (computing) to type
    o的 [Cantonese, trad.]
    o的 [Cantonese, simp.]
    "di1" zi6 dim2 daa2 ? [Jyutping]
    How do you type "o的"?

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ta, jeong) (hangeul , , revised ta, jeong, McCune-Reischauer t'a, chŏng, Yale tha, ceng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đả, đánh, dừng, đử)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.