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See also:
U+9F13, 鼓
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9F13

[U+9F12]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9F14]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
鼓-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 207, +0, 13 strokes, cangjie input 土廿十水 (GTJE), four-corner 44147, composition)

  1. Kangxi radical #207, .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1526, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 48330
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2061, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4763, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9F13

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
鼓-oracle.svg 鼓-bronze.svg 鼓-seal.svg 鼓-bigseal.svg

Etymology[edit]

Area word; compare Proto-Tai *klɔŋᴬ (drum), Saek [script needed] (tlɔɔŋᴬ¹), Proto-Hlai *laŋ¹ (drum), Proto-Wa (*kloʔ, "bronze-drum") (Schuessler, 2007).

(OC *kʷaːʔ, “blind man; musician”) is a derivative.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (23)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kuoX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kuoX/
Shao
Rongfen
/koX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɔX/
Li
Rong
/koX/
Wang
Li
/kuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuoX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ kuX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ˁaʔ/
English drum (n. & v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4337
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʷaːʔ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. (music) drum (Classifier: m)
    Hypernym: 打擊樂器打击乐器 (dǎjī yuèqì)
      ―  shǒu  ―  drummer
  2. to drum; to beat a drum
  3. (literary) to play; to perform; to sound (a musical instrument)
  4. to beat; to clap
      ―  zhǎng  ―  to clap hands
  5. to blast hot air for smelting
  6. to incite; to encourage
    /   ―    ―  to encourage
  7. to bulge
  8. A surname​.

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese: () (ko)
  • Korean: (, go)
  • Vietnamese: cổ ()

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. drum

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
つづみ
Grade: S
kun’yomi

/tudumi1//tudumi//t͡sud͡zumi//t͡suzumi/

Attested in the Nihon Shoki. From Old Japanese, from Proto-Japonic *tuntumi. Related to Okinawan (ちじん, chijin).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(つづみ) (tsuzumi

  1. generic name for musical instruments with a leather head that can be struck.
  2. a tsuzumi, hand drum with leather heads at both ends, used in Japanese traditional performing arts:
    1. a 小鼓 (kotsuzumi)
    2. an 大鼓 (ōtsuzumi)
  3. a style of 家紋 (kamon, family crest), like the leather head of a tsuzumi

Proper noun[edit]

(つずみ) (Tsuzumi

  1. A surname​.

(つづみ) (Tsuzumi

  1. A female given name
  2. A surname​.

Etymology 2[edit]

Various nanori readings.

Proper noun[edit]

(つつみ) (Tsutsumi

  1. A surname​.

(ひびき) (Hibiki

  1. A female given name
    from 響き (hibiki, echo)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun (buk go))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cổ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.