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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 76 +8, 12 strokes, cangjie input 金弓人 (CNO), four-corner 87182, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 568, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 16104
  • Dae Jaweon: page 957, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2143, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6B3D

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰin⁵⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰin⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰin²¹/
Jinan /t͡ɕʰiẽ²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡ɕʰiə̃²¹³/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕʰin²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕʰiẽ²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕʰiə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰĩn³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰin⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰin⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰin⁵⁵/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰĩ³¹/
Nanjing /t͡ɕʰin³¹/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰin²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰiəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡ɕʰiŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰĩŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡ɕʰin⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰin³³/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰaŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕʰin³³/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕʰin³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰin⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /kʰim⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /kʰim²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jɐm⁵³/
Nanning /hɐm⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /jɐm⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰim⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰiŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰeiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /im⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /xim²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (29)
Final: (140)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: Chongniu III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: qīn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰɣiɪm/ /kʰɯim/ /kʰiem/ /kʰjim/ /kʰjəm/ /kʰĭĕm/ /kʰi̯əm/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6681 1 /*kʰrɯm/

Definitions[edit]

  1. respect, admire
  2. respectful

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(heum) (hangeul , revised heum, McCune-Reischauer hŭm, Yale hum)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(khâm, khom)

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