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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
欠-bw.png
Stroke order
欠-order.gif
Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
欠-bigseal.svg 欠-seal.svg

Han character[edit]

(radical 76 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 弓人 (NO), four-corner 27802)

  1. yawn
  2. lack, be deficient
  3. owe
  4. KangXi radical number 76

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 565, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 15991
  • Dae Jaweon: page 953, character 35
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2133, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6B20

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (29)
Final () (145)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰɨɐmH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰiɐmH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰiɐmH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰɨamH/
Li
Rong
/kʰiɐmH/
Wang
Li
/kʰĭɐmH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰi̯ɐmH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qiàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qiàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ khjomH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ʰ(r)om-s/
English yawn

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10274
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰoms/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. deficient

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. lack, shortage
  2. to be absent
  3. vacancy

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(heum, gam) (hangeul , , revised heum, gam, McCune-Reischauer hŭm, kam, Yale hum, kam), another original reading: (geom)

  1. 하품 (hapum) yawn
  2. (hyung) defect, deficiency
  3. (bij, bit) debt, delinquency

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(khiếm)

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