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U+6B20, 欠
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6B20

[U+6B1F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6B21]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
4 strokes
Stroke order
欠-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 76 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 弓人 (NO), four-corner 27802)

  1. Kangxi radical #76, (lack).

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 565, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 15991
  • Dae Jaweon: page 953, character 35
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2133, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6B20

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
欠-bigseal.svg 欠-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰoːmʔ, *kʰoːms
*kʰoːmʔ
*kʰoːmʔ
*ɡromʔ
*kʰoms
*qʰom
*qʰam

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (29)
Final () (145)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰɨɐmH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰiɐmH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰiɐmH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰɨamH/
Li
Rong
/kʰiɐmH/
Wang
Li
/kʰĭɐmH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰi̯ɐmH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qiàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qiàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ khjomH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ʰ(r)om-s/
English yawn

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10274
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰoms/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. to yawn
  2. to lack; to be deficient
  3. to owe

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. lack, shortage
  2. to be absent
  3. vacancy

Usage notes[edit]

  • In Modern Japanese  (けつ) (ketsu) has been replaced with the kanji of  (けん) (ken). Nowadays, is uncommon and is generally recognized as being read as ketsu (the ken reading is uncommon and its most notable usage is in the word 欠缺 kenketsu, which features both kanji).

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(heum, gam) (hangeul , , revised heum, gam, McCune-Reischauer hŭm, kam, Yale hum, kam), another original reading: (geom)

  1. 하품 (hapum) yawn
  2. (hyung) defect, deficiency
  3. (bij, bit) debt, delinquency

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(khiếm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.