Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also:
U+539F, 原
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-539F

[U+539E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+53A0]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 27, +8, 10 strokes, cangjie input 一竹日火 (MHAF), four-corner 71296, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 162, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2973
  • Dae Jaweon: page 368, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 74, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+539F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms
“plain”
⿸厂元 (second-round simplified)

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
原-bronze.svg 原-seal.svg 原-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ŋʷaːn, *ŋʷan
*ɦŋʷaːn
*sŋ̊ʰʷan, *ŋʷan
*sŋ̊ʰʷan, *sŋ̊ʰʷans
*ŋʷan
*ŋʷan
*ŋʷan
*ŋʷan
*ŋʷan
*ŋʷan
*ŋʷan
*ŋʷan
*ŋʷans
*ŋʷans
*ŋʷans

Ideogram (指事) – a spring bursting from a cliff-side : origin.

Etymology[edit]

The sense “source, origin; basic, primary” is perhaps related to (OC *ŋon, “head; principal; first; great”) (Qiu, 1988).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • nguang5 - Shantou;
  • nguêng5 - Chaozhou.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (31)
    Final () (66)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ŋʉɐn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ŋʷiɐn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ŋiuɐn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ŋuan/
    Li
    Rong
    /ŋiuɐn/
    Wang
    Li
    /ŋĭwɐn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ŋi̯wɐn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yuán
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    yuán yuán
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ngjwon › ‹ ngjwon ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*N-ɢʷar/ /*N-ɢʷar/
    English spring, source; origin high plain (n.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 16186
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋʷan/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. meadow; field; plain; prairie; tundra; wilderness
    2. source; origin; beginning
    3. Original form of (yuán, “fountainhead; source”).
    4. basic; fundamental
    5. original; primary
    6. originally; at the beginning
    7. to originate; to arise
    8. to trace the source; to probe into
    9. to forgive; to pardon
    10. A surname​.

    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]



    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    はら
    Grade: 2
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese. Found in the Man'yōshū, finished some time after 759 CE. Compare Korean (peol, “plain, field”).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana はら, rōmaji hara)

    1. meadow, plain, field
    Usage notes[edit]

    Specifically refers to a field that is not cultivated.

    Proper noun[edit]

    (hiragana はら, rōmaji Hara)

    1. A surname​.

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    げん
    Grade: 2
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC ŋʉɐn, “source; origin; beginning”).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana げん, rōmaji gen)

    1. the original thing

    Prefix[edit]

    (hiragana げん, rōmaji gen-)

    1. the original
       (げん) (ぶん) (げん)材料 (ざいりょう)
      genbun, gen-zairyō
      original document, original / raw materials

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (won) (hangeul , revised won, McCune–Reischauer wŏn)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (nguyên, nguyễn)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.