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U+539F, 原
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-539F

[U+539E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+53A0]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 27 +8, 10 strokes, cangjie input 一竹日火 (MHAF), four-corner 71296, composition)

Synonyms[edit]

  • (origin):

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 162, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2973
  • Dae Jaweon: page 368, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 74, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+539F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms
“plain”

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
原-bronze.svg 原-bigseal.svg 原-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ŋʷaːn, *ŋʷan
*ɦŋʷaːn
*sŋ̥ʰʷan, *ŋʷan
*sŋ̥ʰʷan, *sŋ̥ʰʷans
*ŋʷan
*ŋʷan
*ŋʷan
*ŋʷan
*ŋʷan
*ŋʷan
*ŋʷan
*ŋʷan
*ŋʷans
*ŋʷans
*ŋʷans

Ideogram (指事) – a spring bursting from a cliff-side : origin.

Current form is graphically  +  + , but this is not the etymology.

Etymology[edit]

The sense “source, origin; basic, primary” is perhaps related to (OC *ŋon, “head; principal; first; great”) (Qiu, 1988).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (66)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋʉɐn/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋʷiɐn/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋiuɐn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋuan/
Li
Rong
/ŋiuɐn/
Wang
Li
/ŋĭwɐn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋi̯wɐn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yuán
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yuán yuán
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngjwon › ‹ ngjwon ›
Old
Chinese
/*N-ɢʷar/ /*N-ɢʷar/
English spring, source; origin high plain (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16186
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋʷan/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. meadow; field; plain; prairie; tundra; wilderness
  2. source; origin; beginning
  3. Original form of (yuán, “fountainhead; source”).
  4. basic; fundamental
  5. original; primary
  6. originally; at the beginning
  7. to originate; to arise
  8. to trace the source; to probe into
  9. to forgive; to pardon
  10. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana はら, romaji hara)

  1. meadow, plain, field

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana はら, romaji Hara)

  1. A surname​.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(won) (hangeul , revised won, McCune-Reischauer wŏn)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nguyên, nguyễn)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.