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See also:
U+539F, 原
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-539F

[U+539E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+53A0]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

Stroke order
10 strokes

(radical 27, +8, 10 strokes, cangjie input 一竹日火 (MHAF), four-corner 71296, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 162, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2973
  • Dae Jaweon: page 368, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 74, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+539F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms
“plain”
𰆖 second round simplified

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
原-bronze.svg 原-silk.svg 原-seal.svg 原-bigseal.svg

Ideogram (指事) – a spring bursting from a cliff-side : origin.

Etymology[edit]

The sense “source, origin; basic, primary” is perhaps related to (OC *ŋon, “head; principal; first; great”) (Qiu, 1988).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • nguang5 - Shantou;
  • nguêng5 - Chaozhou.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (31)
    Final () (66)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ŋʉɐn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ŋʷiɐn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ŋiuɐn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ŋuan/
    Li
    Rong
    /ŋiuɐn/
    Wang
    Li
    /ŋĭwɐn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ŋi̯wɐn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yuán
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    yuán yuán
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ngjwon › ‹ ngjwon ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*N-ɢʷar/ /*N-ɢʷar/
    English spring, source; origin high plain (n.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 16186
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋʷan/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. meadow; field; plain; prairie; tundra; wilderness
    2. source; origin; beginning
    3. Original form of (yuán, “fountainhead; source”).
    4. basic; fundamental
    5. original; primary
    6. originally; at the beginning
    7. to originate; to arise
    8. to trace the source; to probe into
    9. to forgive; to pardon
    10. A surname​.

    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    はら
    Grade: 2
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese. Found in the Man'yōshū, finished some time after 759 CE. Compare Korean (peol, “plain, field”).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (はら) (hara

    1. meadow, plain, field
    Usage notes[edit]

    Specifically refers to a field that is not cultivated.

    Proper noun[edit]

    (はら) (Hara

    1. A surname​.

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    げん
    Grade: 2
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC ŋʉɐn, “source; origin; beginning”).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (げん) (gen

    1. the original thing

    Prefix[edit]

    (げん) (gen-

    1. the original
      (げん)(ぶん)(げん)材料(ざいりょう)
      genbun, gen-zairyō
      original document, original / raw materials

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 언덕 (eondeok won))

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 근원 (geunwon won))

    Compounds[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: nguyên, nguyễn

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.