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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 85 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 水一竹火 (EMHF), four-corner 31196, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 639, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17926
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1046, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1697, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+6E90

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (31)
Final: (66)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Closed
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: yuán
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋʉɐn/ /ŋʷiɐn/ /ŋiuɐn/ /ŋuan/ /ŋiuɐn/ /ŋĭwɐn/ /ŋi̯wɐn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yuán ‹ ngjwon › /*N-ɢʷar/ spring, source

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16187 1 /*ŋʷan/

Definitions[edit]

  1. source, origin, root
  2. spring
  3. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana みなもと, romaji minamoto)

  1. source, origin

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana げん, romaji -gen)

  1. source

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(won) (hangeul , revised won, McCune-Reischauer wŏn, Yale wen)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nguyên, nguyễn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.