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See also: 𣱱, , , , and

U+6C34, 水
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6C34

[U+6C33]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6C35]
U+2F54, ⽔
KANGXI RADICAL WATER

[U+2F53]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2F55]
Commons:Category
Commons:Category
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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
4 strokes
Stroke order

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (when used as a left radical)
  • (when used in characters such as )

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 85, +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input (E), four-corner 12230, composition 𰛄丿(GJKV) or 𰛅(GJKV) or 𰛄丿(HT))

  1. Kangxi radical #85, .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 603, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17083
  • Dae Jaweon: page 992, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 1545, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6C34

Further reading[edit]

Central Bai[edit]

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Noun[edit]

(xuix)

  1. hanzi form of xuix
    • 1450, Yang Fu (楊黼), 《詞記山花——咏蒼洱境》:
      煴煊茶㱔呼𪢂
      Boiling tea water, greeting each other.

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𡿭
𣸕

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts

Pictogram (象形) – compare .

Wikipedia has articles on:

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *lwi(j) (flow; stream) (Benedict, 1974; Coblin, 1986; Handel, 1998; Schuessler, 2007; STEDT). Cognate with Mizo lui (stream; brook; river), Tedim Chin [script needed] (luːi³, stream; river), Jingpho lawi (to flow (as water)).

Old Chinese (OC lhuiʔ), as reconstructed by Schuessler, is Sino-Tibetan root's endoactive derivation with suffix *-ʔ, meaning "that which is flowing"; its voiceless initial suggests the presence of a nominalizing prefix *k- or *s-. Another derivative from the Sino-Tibetan root is possibly (OC winʔ, “to flow”) (minimally reconstructed).

Compare also areal etymon Proto-Mon-Khmer *lujʔ ~ luuj() ~ luəj() ~ ləəj() (to wade; to swim).

Alternatively, Gong (1995) reconstructs Old Chinese *hljədx and compares it to Tibetan ཆུ (chu, water), which STEDT derives from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *tsju (water; liquid; bodily fluid). Baxter and Sagart (2014), employing evidence from Proto-Min, reconstructs Old Chinese *s.turʔ and compares it to Proto-Sino-Tibetan *twəj (to flow; to suppurate), which is likely related to *m-t(w)əj-n ~ m-ti-s (water; fluid; to soak; to be wet) (STEDT). Like Gong (1995), Sagart (2017) compares it to Tibetan ཆུ (chu), but he also compares it to Bodo (India) दै (dwi), Mizo tui, Proto-Karen *thejᴬ, all of which STEDT derives from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *m-t(w)əj-n ~ m-ti-s. Handel deems derivations from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *tsju or *m-t(w)əj-n ~ m-ti-s unlikely because of phonological issues (STEDT).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • cūi - literary (common);
  • cṳ̄ - vernacular (only used in some words as the first syllable).
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • chúi - vernacular;
    • súi - literary.
  • Wu
  • Note: Due to the unintuitive nature of the rime and the relative lack of usage of the term, has several nonstandard literary pronunciations, such as /sue/, /sø/, or /sei/. These are mostly used by younger speakers.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʂuei²¹⁴/
    Harbin /ʂuei²¹³/
    /suei²¹³/
    Tianjin /suei¹³/
    Jinan /ʂuei⁵⁵/
    Qingdao /ʂue⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /ʂuei⁵³/
    Xi'an /fei⁵³/
    Xining /fɨ⁵³/
    Yinchuan /ʂuei⁵³/
    Lanzhou /fei⁴⁴²/
    Ürümqi /ʂuei⁵¹/
    /fei⁵¹/
    Wuhan /suei⁴²/
    Chengdu /suei⁵³/
    Guiyang /suei⁴²/
    Kunming /ʂuei⁵³/
    Nanjing /ʂuəi²¹²/
    Hefei /ʂue²⁴/
    Jin Taiyuan /suei⁵³/
    Pingyao /suei⁵³/
    Hohhot /suei⁵³/
    Wu Shanghai /sz̩³⁵/
    Suzhou /sz̩ʷ⁵¹/
    Hangzhou /sz̩ʷei⁵³/
    Wenzhou /sz̩³⁵/
    Hui Shexian /ɕye³⁵/
    /ɕy³⁵/
    Tunxi /ɕy³¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ɕyei⁴¹/
    Xiangtan /ɕyəi⁴²/
    Gan Nanchang /sui²¹³/
    Hakka Meixian /sui³¹/
    Taoyuan /ʃui³¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /søy³⁵/
    Nanning /sui³⁵/
    Hong Kong /søy³⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sui⁵³/
    /t͡sui⁵³/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡suoi³²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /sy²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sui⁵³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /sui³¹/
    /tui²¹³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (26)
    Final () (18)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Baxter sywijX
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɕˠiuɪX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɕʷᵚiX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɕiuɪX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɕjwiX/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɕjuiX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɕwiX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɕwiX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shuǐ
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    seoi2
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    shuǐ
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ sywijX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*s.turʔ/ (E dialect: *-r > *-j)
    English water; river

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 11948
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qʰʷljilʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. water (Classifier: m;  c;  m c;  m c;  m c;  m c)
      謝謝 [MSC, trad.]
      谢谢 [MSC, simp.]
      Qǐng gěi wǒ yī bēi shuǐ, xièxiè. [Pinyin]
      A glass of water, please.
        ―  shuǐ  ―  to drink water
        ―  bīngshuǐ  ―  iced water
        ―  lěngshuǐ  ―  cold water
      [Cantonese]  ―  dung3 seoi2 [Jyutping]  ―  cold water
        ―  shuǐ  ―  hot water
        ―  kāishuǐ  ―  boiled water
      [Cantonese]  ―  gwan2 seoi2 [Jyutping]  ―  boiled water
      族館族馆  ―  shuǐzúguǎn  ―  aquarium
        ―  shuǐcǎi  ―  watercolour
        ―  shuǐwēn  ―  water temperature
        ―  shuǐ  ―  rainwater
        ―  hǎishuǐ  ―  seawater
      飲用饮用  ―  yǐnyòngshuǐ  ―  drinking water
      礦泉矿泉  ―  kuàngquánshuǐ  ―  mineral water
      蒸餾蒸馏  ―  zhēngliúshuǐ  ―  distilled water
        ―  shuǐzhá  ―  sluice
      力發電力发电  ―  shuǐlìfādiàn  ―  hydroelectricity
      化合物  ―  tànshuǐhuàhéwù  ―  carbohydrate
        ―  tuōshuǐ  ―  to dehydrate; dehydration
      中毒  ―  shuǐzhōngdú  ―  water intoxication; water poisoning
      雙氧双氧  ―  shuāngyǎngshuǐ  ―  hydrogen peroxide (literally, “water with two oxygen (atoms)”)
    2. liquid; potion; juice
        ―  kǒushuǐ  ―  saliva
        ―  hànshuǐ  ―  sweat
        ―  yángshuǐ  ―  amniotic fluid
        ―  xiāngshuǐ  ―  perfume
      眼藥眼药  ―  yǎnyàoshuǐ  ―  eyedrop
    3. (colloquial, chiefly Singapore, Malaysia) Synonym of 飲料饮料 (yǐnliào).
      什麼什么  ―  Yào jiào shénme shuǐ?  ―  What beverage do you want to order?
      什物 [Hokkien]  ―  Beh kiò sím-mi̍h chúi? [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  What beverage do you want to order?
    4. (archaic) river
        ―  Hànshuǐ  ―  the Han River
    5. body of water
        ―  shuǐ  ―  waterway
        ―  sān miàn huán shuǐ  ―  to be surrounded by (bodies of) water on three sides
    6. flood
        ―  shuǐ  ―  to flood
    7. additional cost or income
    8. (dialectal) rain
    9. (Cantonese) money
      [Cantonese]  ―  bong6 seoi2 [Jyutping]  ―  to pay
      [Cantonese]  ―  loek6-1 seoi2 [Jyutping]  ―  to obtain money dishonestly
    10. (Cantonese) hundred dollars (Classifier: c)
      [Cantonese]  ―  saam1 gau6 seoi2 [Jyutping]  ―  three hundred dollars
    11. (Cantonese) source of revenue (Classifier: c)
    12. (Cantonese) to fool; to deceive; to misguide
    13. to swim
        ―  shuǐxìng  ―  swimming ability
    14. (colloquial) lacking substance or power; worthless
      這裡大學 [MSC, trad.]
      这里大学 [MSC, simp.]
      Zhèlǐ de dàxué tài shuǐ le. [Pinyin]
      The universities here are too weak.
    15. Short for 划水 (huáshuǐ, “to shirk; to slack off”).
    16. one of the five elements of Wu Xing (五行 (-))
    17. (colloquial) Classifier for the number of times clothing was washed.
    18. Sui people
        ―  shuǐshū  ―  Shuishu (the traditional writing system of the Sui people)
    19. A surname
    Synonyms[edit]
    • (beverage):
    edit
    Antonyms[edit]
    • (body of water): ()

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: (すい) (sui)
    • Korean: 수(水) (su)
    • Vietnamese: thuỷ ()

    Others:

    • → Bai: *ɕui²
      • Central Bai: xuix
      • Lama Bai: