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Character
Unicode name CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6C34
Code point U+6C34
Entity number 水
Unicode block CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6C33] [U+6C35]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
水-order.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (when used as a left Chinese radical)

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
水-oracle.svg 水-bronze.svg 水-bigseal.svg 水-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) – compare .

Han character[edit]

(radical 85 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 水 (E), four-corner 12230)

  1. KangXi Radical 85

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 603, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17083
  • Dae Jaweon: page 992, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1545, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6C34

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.
Chinese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia zh

Cantonese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia yue

Gan Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia gan

Middle Chinese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia zh-classical

Wu Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia wuu

Min Nan Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia nan

Hakka Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia hak

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (水), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 書 (26)
Final: 脂
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 式軌切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕiuɪX/ /ɕwiX/ /ɕuiX/ /ɕʷiX/ /ɕwiX/ /ɕwiX/ /ɕjuɪX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shuǐ ‹ sywijX › /*s.turʔ (E dialect: *-r > *-j)/ water; river

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11948 2 /*qʰʷljilʔ/

Noun[edit]

  1. water
      ―  shuǐ  ―  to drink water
  2. liquid; lotion; juice
  3. river
  4. body of water
  5. waterway
  6. flood
  7. additional cost or income

Classifier[edit]

  1. Classifier for the number of times clothing was washed.

Proper noun[edit]

  1. A surname​.
  2. Sui people

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. (cold) water
  2. “water” radical (みず)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
kun'yomi

/mi1//mi/

From Old Japanese. Typically found in compounds.[1] May be a contraction of mizu below.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji mi)

  1. water
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
みず
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

/mi1du//midu//mid͡zu/mizu/

From Old Japanese. Possibly cognate with Korean (mul, “water”); compare Middle Korean ‎(mil, water).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana みず, romaji mizu, historical hiragana みづ)

  1. water (cold, fresh)
  2. a fluid; a liquid
  3. a flood
  4. halting in sumo
Derived terms[edit]
Idioms[edit]

Prefix[edit]

‎(hiragana みず, romaji mizu-)

  1. water
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
すい
Grade: 1
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(sywijX, water).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana すい, romaji sui)

  1. one of the five classical elements in traditional Chinese philosophy and medicine: see the "Wu Xing" entry on Wikipedia

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
もい
Grade: 1
Irregular

From the meaning of “that which goes in the ‎(moi, bowl)”.[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)
  • IPA(key): [mo̞i]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana もい, romaji moi, historical hiragana もひ)

  1. drinking water

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(su)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: su, McCune-Reischauer: su, Yale: swu)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: mul, McCune-Reischauer: mul, Yale: mul)
  1. ( 수, mul-): water
  2. (as an abbreviation) Wednesday

Compounds[edit]


Miyako[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana みず, romaji mizu, romaji mikɯ)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese ‎(mizu), Old Japanese ‎(midu).

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana みず, romaji mizu, romaji mikɯ)

  1. water

References[edit]


Mulam[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(nəm4)

  1. water

Northern Amami-Oshima[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana むぃずぃ, romaji mïzï)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese ‎(mizu), Old Japanese ‎(midu).

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana むぃずぃ, romaji mïzï)

  1. water

Oki-No-Erabu[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana みじ, romaji miji)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese ‎(mizu), Old Japanese ‎(midu).

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana みじ, romaji miji)

  1. water

Okinawan[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana みじ, romaji miji)

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From earlier 水 (みづ, midzu/midu), attested in 1711 in the Konkoukenshuu (混効験集). The word underwent a pronunciation change due to the shifting of /u/ to /i/ after alveolar consonants. Cognate with mainland Japanese ‎(mizu), Old Japanese ‎(midu).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana みじ, romaji miji)

  1. water

Derived terms[edit]


Southern Amami-Oshima[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana むぃでぃ, romaji mïdi)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese ‎(mizu), Old Japanese ‎(midu).

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana むぃでぃ, romaji mïdi)

  1. water

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thuỷ, thủy, lương, nhượng)

  1. water

Yonaguni[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana みん, romaji min)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese ‎(mizu), Old Japanese ‎(midu).

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana みん, romaji min)

  1. water

Yoron[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana みじ, romaji miji)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese ‎(mizu), Old Japanese ‎(midu).

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana みじ, romaji miji)

  1. water