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U+6C34, 水
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6C34

[U+6C33]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6C35]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
水-order.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (when used as a left Chinese radical)

Han character[edit]

(radical 85 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 水 (E), four-corner 12230)

  1. Kangxi radical #85, .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 603, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17083
  • Dae Jaweon: page 992, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1545, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6C34

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
Wikipedia has articles on:
(Written Standard Chinese?)
(Cantonese)
(Gan)
(Classical)
(Wu)
chúi (Min Nan)
súi (Hakka)

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
水-oracle.svg 水-bronze.svg 水-silk.svg 水-bigseal.svg 水-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qʷljilʔ
*qʰʷljilʔ

Pictogram (象形) – compare .

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *lwi(j) (flow; stream).

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chúi - vernacular;
  • súi - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʂuei²¹⁴/
Harbin /ʂuei²¹³/
/suei²¹³/
Tianjin /suei¹³/
Jinan /ʂuei⁵⁵/
Qingdao /ʂue⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ʂuei⁵³/
Xi'an /fei⁵³/
Xining /fɨ⁵³/
Yinchuan /ʂuei⁵³/
Lanzhou /fei⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /ʂuei⁵¹/
/fei⁵¹/
Wuhan /suei⁴²/
Chengdu /suei⁵³/
Guiyang /suei⁴²/
Kunming /ʂuei⁵³/
Nanjing /ʂuəi²¹²/
Hefei /ʂue²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /suei⁵³/
Pingyao /suei⁵³/
Hohhot /suei⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /sz̩³⁵/
Suzhou /sz̩ʷ⁵¹/
Hangzhou /sz̩ʷei⁵³/
Wenzhou /sz̩³⁵/
Hui Shexian /ɕye³⁵/
/ɕy³⁵/
Tunxi /ɕy³¹/
Xiang Changsha /ɕyei⁴¹/
Xiangtan /ɕyəi⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /sui²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /sui³¹/
Taoyuan /ʃui³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /søy³⁵/
Nanning /sui³⁵/
Hong Kong /søy³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sui⁵³/
/t͡sui⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡suoi³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /sy²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sui⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sui³¹/
/tui²¹³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (26)
Final () (18)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕˠiuɪX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕʷᵚiX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕiuɪX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕjwiX/
Li
Rong
/ɕjuiX/
Wang
Li
/ɕwiX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕwiX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shuǐ
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shuǐ
Middle
Chinese
‹ sywijX ›
Old
Chinese
/*s.turʔ/ (E dialect: *-r > *-j)
English water; river

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11948
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰʷljilʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. water (Classifier: ; ; ; ; )
  2. liquid; potion; juice
      ―  kǒushuǐ  ―  saliva
  3. river
    /   ―  Hànshuǐ  ―  the Han River
  4. body of water
  5. waterway
  6. flood
  7. additional cost or income
  8. (Cantonese) money
  9. (Hong Kong Cantonese) hundred dollars (Classifier: )
    [Cantonese]  ―  saam1 gau6 seoi2 [Jyutping]  ―  three hundred dollars
  10. Classifier for the number of times clothing was washed.
  11. A surname​.
  12. Sui people
    • /   ―  shuǐshū  ―  Shuishu (the traditional writing system of the Sui people)
Descendants[edit]
Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese:  (すい) (sui)
  • Korean: (, su)
  • Vietnamese: thuỷ ()

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“Min Nan: pretty; beautiful”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. (cold) water
  2. “water” radical (みず)

Readings[edit]

Notes[edit]

  • As in historical readings ずゐ (zuwi), つゐ (tuwi), ゆゐ (yuwi), and るゐ (ruwi), most dictionaries do not have すゐ (suwi) as a historical reading for . According to historical data, the on-reading of is the modern すい (sui). However, the Dai Kanwa Jiten, has the すゐ (suwi) and related -wi historical on-readings.

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
kun’yomi

/mi₁/ → /mi/

From Old Japanese [Term?]. Typically found in compounds.[1] May be a contraction of mizu below.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , rōmaji mi)

  1. water
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
みず
Grade: 1
kun’yomi

/mi₁du/ → /midu//mid͡zu//mizu/

From Old Japanese. Possibly cognate with Korean (mul, water); compare Middle Korean (mil, water).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana みず, rōmaji mizu, historical hiragana みづ)

  1. water (cold, fresh)
    • 1999 July 22, “みずおど [Water Dancer]”, in Vol.4 (in Japanese), Konami:
      かめから (つぎ) (つぎ)とあふれでる (みず)を、 (りゅう) ()えて (こう) (げき)してくる。
      Kame kara tsugitsugi to afurederu mizu o, ryū ni kaete kōgeki shitekuru.
      When attacking, she transforms the constant overflow of water from her pot into a dragon.
  2. a fluid; a liquid
  3. a flood
  4. halting in sumo
Derived terms[edit]
Idioms[edit]

Prefix[edit]

(hiragana みず, rōmaji mizu-, historical hiragana みづ)

  1. water
Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

  •  () (yu): hot water (Note: mizu and yu are distinct terms used for cold water and hot water. Not interchangeable.)

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
すい
Grade: 1
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (sywijX, water).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana すい, rōmaji sui)

  1. one of the five classical elements in traditional Chinese philosophy and medicine: see the "Wu Xing" entry on Wikipedia

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
もい
Grade: 1
Irregular

From the meaning of “that which goes in the (moi, bowl)”.[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)

Noun[edit]

(hiragana もい, rōmaji moi, historical hiragana もひ)

  1. drinking water

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(su)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (revised: su, McCune-Reischauer: su, Yale: swu)
    • Name (hangeul): (revised: mul, McCune-Reischauer: mul, Yale: mul)
  1. ( 수, mul-): water
  2. (as an abbreviation) Wednesday

Compounds[edit]


Miyako[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese (mizu), Old Japanese (midu).

Kanji[edit]

(hiragana みず, romaji mizu, mikɯ)

Noun[edit]

(hiragana みず, romaji mizu, mikɯ)

  1. water

References[edit]


Mulam[edit]

Noun[edit]

(nəm4)

  1. water

References[edit]


Northern Amami-Oshima[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese (mizu), Old Japanese (midu).

Kanji[edit]

(hiragana むぃずぃ, romaji mïzï)

Noun[edit]

(hiragana むぃずぃ, romaji mïzï)

  1. water

Oki-No-Erabu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese (mizu), Old Japanese (midu).

Kanji[edit]

(hiragana みじ, romaji miji)

Noun[edit]

(hiragana みじ, romaji miji)

  1. water

Okinawan[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(hiragana みじ, romaji miji)

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From earlier 水 (みづ, midzu/midu), attested in 1711 in the Konkoukenshuu (混効験集). The word underwent a pronunciation change due to the shifting of /u/ to /i/ after alveolar consonants. Cognate with mainland Japanese (mizu), Old Japanese (midu).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana みじ, romaji miji)

  1. water

Derived terms[edit]


Southern Amami-Oshima[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese (mizu), Old Japanese (midu).

Kanji[edit]

(hiragana むぃでぃ, romaji mïdi)

Noun[edit]

(hiragana むぃでぃ, romaji mïdi)

  1. water

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. water

Yonaguni[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese (mizu), Old Japanese (midu). Possibly also related to Korean (mul, “water”), Middle Korean (mil, water).

Kanji[edit]

(hiragana みん, romaji min)

Noun[edit]

(hiragana みん, romaji min)

  1. water

References[edit]

  • The Languages of Japan and Korea (2012), section Yonaguni, page 415 (as miɴ)

Yoron[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese (mizu), Old Japanese (midu). Possibly also related to Korean (mul, “water”), Middle Korean (mil, water).

Kanji[edit]

(hiragana みじ, romaji miji)

Noun[edit]

(hiragana みじ, romaji miji)

  1. water

References[edit]