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U+6C34, 水
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6C34

[U+6C33]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6C35]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
水-order.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (when used as a left radical)
  • (when used in characters such as )
  • , excluding the topmost stroke,

This radical bears visual similarities with the radical.

Han character[edit]

(radical 85, +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 水 (E), four-corner 12230)

  1. Kangxi radical #85, .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 603, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17083
  • Dae Jaweon: page 992, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1545, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6C34

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
水-oracle.svg 水-bronze.svg 水-bronze-warring.svg 水-silk.svg 水-slip.svg 水-seal.svg 水-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qʷljilʔ
*qʰʷljilʔ


Pictogram (象形) – compare .

Wikipedia has articles on:
(Written Standard Chinese?)
(Cantonese)
(Gan)
(Classical)
(Wu)
chúi (Min Nan)
súi (Hakka)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *lwi(j) (flow; stream).

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chúi - vernacular;
  • súi - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʂuei²¹⁴/
    Harbin /ʂuei²¹³/
    /suei²¹³/
    Tianjin /suei¹³/
    Jinan /ʂuei⁵⁵/
    Qingdao /ʂue⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /ʂuei⁵³/
    Xi'an /fei⁵³/
    Xining /fɨ⁵³/
    Yinchuan /ʂuei⁵³/
    Lanzhou /fei⁴⁴²/
    Ürümqi /ʂuei⁵¹/
    /fei⁵¹/
    Wuhan /suei⁴²/
    Chengdu /suei⁵³/
    Guiyang /suei⁴²/
    Kunming /ʂuei⁵³/
    Nanjing /ʂuəi²¹²/
    Hefei /ʂue²⁴/
    Jin Taiyuan /suei⁵³/
    Pingyao /suei⁵³/
    Hohhot /suei⁵³/
    Wu Shanghai /sz̩³⁵/
    Suzhou /sz̩ʷ⁵¹/
    Hangzhou /sz̩ʷei⁵³/
    Wenzhou /sz̩³⁵/
    Hui Shexian /ɕye³⁵/
    /ɕy³⁵/
    Tunxi /ɕy³¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ɕyei⁴¹/
    Xiangtan /ɕyəi⁴²/
    Gan Nanchang /sui²¹³/
    Hakka Meixian /sui³¹/
    Taoyuan /ʃui³¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /søy³⁵/
    Nanning /sui³⁵/
    Hong Kong /søy³⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sui⁵³/
    /t͡sui⁵³/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡suoi³²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /sy²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sui⁵³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /sui³¹/
    /tui²¹³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (26)
    Final () (18)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () Chongniu III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɕˠiuɪX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɕʷᵚiX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɕiuɪX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɕjwiX/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɕjuiX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɕwiX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɕwiX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shuǐ
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    shuǐ
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ sywijX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*s.turʔ/ (E dialect: *-r > *-j)
    English water; river

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 11948
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qʰʷljilʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. water (Classifier: ; ; ; ; )
    2. liquid; potion; juice
        ―  kǒushuǐ  ―  saliva
    3. river
      /   ―  Hànshuǐ  ―  the Han River
    4. body of water
    5. waterway
    6. flood
    7. additional cost or income
    8. (Cantonese) money
    9. (Hong Kong Cantonese) hundred dollars (Classifier: 𫩥)
      / 𫩥 [Cantonese]  ―  saam1 gau6 seoi2 [Jyutping]  ―  three hundred dollars
    10. (Malaysia, Singapore, colloquial) beverage
    11. (colloquial) lacking substance or power; worthless
    12. Classifier for the number of times clothing was washed.
    13. A surname​.
    14. Sui people
      • /   ―  shuǐshū  ―  Shuishu (the traditional writing system of the Sui people)
    Descendants[edit]
    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese:  (すい) (sui)
    • Korean: (, su)
    • Vietnamese: thuỷ ()

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“Min Nan: pretty; beautiful”).
    (This character, , is a variant form of .)

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. water (sometimes cold and/or fresh)
    2. places containing water
    3. fluid, liquid
    4. hydrogen

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    English Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia
    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    ⟨mi1 → */mʲi//mi/

    From Old Japanese.

    Typically found in compounds.[1] May be a contraction of mizu below.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana , rōmaji mi)

    1. element in compounds relating to or containing water
    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    みず
    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    ⟨mi1du⟩ → */mʲidu//mid͡zu//mizu/

    From Old Japanese.

    Possibly cognate with modern Korean (mul, water), compare Middle Korean (mɯl, water).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana みず, rōmaji mizu, historical hiragana みづ)

    1. water (sometimes cold and/or fresh)
      • 1999 July 22, “みずおど [Water Dancer]”, in Vol.4 (in Japanese), Konami:
        かめから (つぎ) (つぎ)とあふれでる (みず)を、 (りゅう) ()えて (こう) (げき)してくる。
        Kame kara tsugitsugi to afurederu mizu o, ryū ni kaete kōgeki shitekuru.
        When attacking, she transforms the constant overflow of water from her pot into a dragon.
      Synonyms: ウオーター (uōtā), ウォーター (wōtā)
      Antonym: (yu)
    2. drinking water
      Synonyms: 飲水 (insui, nomimizu), 飲用水 (in'yōsui), 飲料水 (inryōsui)
    3. a fluid, liquid
      Synonym: 液体 (ekitai)
    4. a flood
      Synonyms: 大水 (ōmizu), 洪水 (kōzui), 出水 (shussui)
    5. (sumo) Short for 水入り (mizuiri) halting
    6. (sumo) Short for 力水 (chikara-mizu) water offered to sumo wrestlers before a bout
    Derived terms[edit]
    Idioms[edit]

    Prefix[edit]

    (hiragana みず, rōmaji mizu-, historical hiragana みづ)

    1. water

    Proper noun[edit]

    (hiragana みず, rōmaji Mizu, historical hiragana みづ)

    1. a female given name
    2. a surname
    Related terms[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    すい
    Grade: 1
    on’yomi

    /ɕuwʲi/ → */suwi//sui/

    From Middle Chinese (MC ɕˠiuɪX).

    Compare modern Mandarin (shuǐ),

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana すい, rōmaji sui)

    1. water: one of the five classical elements in traditional Chinese philosophy and medicine
    2. Short for 水曜 (Suiyō): Wednesday
    3. shaved ice served with flavored syrup
      Synonym: 氷水 (kōrimizu)
    Usage notes[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (hiragana すい, rōmaji Sui)

    1. a female given name

    Etymology 4[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    もい
    Grade: 1
    Irregular

    From the meaning of “that which goes in the (moi, bowl)”.[1][2]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    • (Irregular reading)

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana もい, rōmaji moi, historical hiragana もひ)

    1. drinking water

    See also[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun (mul su))

    1. ( 수, mul-): water
    2. (as an abbreviation) Wednesday

    Compounds[edit]


    Miyako[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Cognate with mainland Japanese (mizu), Old Japanese (midu).

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana みず, romaji mizu, mikɯ)

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana みず, romaji mizu, mikɯ)

    1. water

    References[edit]


    Mulam[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (nəm4)

    1. water

    References[edit]


    Northern Amami-Oshima[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Cognate with mainland Japanese (mizu), Old Japanese (midu).

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana むぃずぃ, romaji mïzï)

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana むぃずぃ, romaji mïzï)

    1. water

    Oki-No-Erabu[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Cognate with mainland Japanese (mizu), Old Japanese (midu).

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana みじ, romaji miji)

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana みじ, romaji miji)

    1. water

    Okinawan[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana みじ, romaji miji)

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From earlier 水 (みづ, midzu/midu), attested in 1711 in the Konkoukenshuu (混効験集). The word underwent a pronunciation change due to the shifting of /u/ to /i/ after alveolar consonants. Cognate with mainland Japanese (mizu), Old Japanese (midu).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana みじ, romaji miji)

    1. water

    Derived terms[edit]


    Southern Amami-Oshima[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Cognate with mainland Japanese (mizu), Old Japanese (midu).

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana むぃでぃ, romaji mïdi)

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana むぃでぃ, romaji mïdi)

    1. water

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    1. water

    Yonaguni[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Cognate with mainland Japanese (mizu), Old Japanese (midu). Possibly also related to Korean (mul, “water”), Middle Korean (mil, water).

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana みん, romaji min)

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana みん, romaji min)

    1. water

    References[edit]

    • The Languages of Japan and Korea (2012), section Yonaguni, page 415 (as miɴ)

    Yoron[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Cognate with mainland Japanese (mizu), Old Japanese (midu). Possibly also related to Korean (mul, “water”), Middle Korean (mil, water).

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana みじ, romaji miji)

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana みじ, romaji miji)

    1. water

    References[edit]