水銀

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Chinese[edit]

water; river silver
trad. (水銀)
simp. (水银)
Chinese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia zh

Etymology[edit]

Compare the etymologies of Latin hydrargyrus, English quicksilver.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (水銀, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (26)
Final: (18)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Closed
Division: Chongniu III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: shuǐ
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕɣiuɪX/ /ɕʷɯiX/ /ɕiuɪX/ /ɕjwiX/ /ɕjuiX/ /ɕwiX/ /ɕwiX/
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (31)
Final: (44)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: Chongniu III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: yn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋɣiɪn/ /ŋɯin/ /ŋien/ /ŋjin/ /ŋjĕn/ /ŋǐĕn/ /ŋi̯ĕn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (水銀, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shuǐ ‹ sywijX › /*s.turʔ (E dialect: *-r > *-j)/ water; river
yín ‹ ngin › /*ŋrə[n]/ silver

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11948 2 /*qʰʷljilʔ/
3939 1 /*ŋrɯn/

Noun[edit]

水銀

  1. mercury, quicksilver
  2. (poetic) moon
  3. (poetic) glob, drop of water

Synonyms[edit]

  • (mercury, scientific): (gǒng)

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (水銀):

Japanese[edit]

Chemical element
Hg Previous:  (きん) ‎(kin) (Au)
Next: タリウム ‎(tariumu) (Tl)
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
水銀 (suigin, mizugane): mercury.

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
すい
Grade: 1
ぎん
Grade: 3
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese compound 水銀 ‎(sywijX ngin, literally water (i.e. liquid) silver). Compare modern Mandarin 水銀水银 (shuǐyín).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

水銀 ‎(hiragana すいぎん, romaji suigin)

  1. (chemistry) mercury; quicksilver
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
みず
Grade: 1
かね > がね
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Compound of ‎(mizu, water) +‎ ‎(kane, metal, silver). The kane changes to gane as an instance of rendaku (連濁). Appears in the Wamyō Ruijushō Japanese dictionary of 938 CE as mizukane, suggesting that the shift to rendaku is more recent.[1][2]

Obsolete in modern Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

水銀 ‎(hiragana みずがね, romaji mizugane, historical hiragana みづがね)

  1. (chemistry, obsolete) mercury; quicksilver
Usage notes[edit]

The mizugane reading is largely obsolete in modern Japanese; suigin is the standard reading.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

水銀 ‎(sueun) ‎(hangeul 수은)

  1. Hanja form? of 수은, “mercury”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

水銀

  1. Hán tự form of thủy ngân, "mercury"