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See also:
U+5F92, 徒
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5F92

[U+5F91]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5F93]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 60, +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 竹人土卜人 (HOGYO), four-corner 24281, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 367, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10121
  • Dae Jaweon: page 691, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 823, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5F92

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms 𨑒

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *l'aː): semantic  (walk) + phonetic  (OC *l̥ʰaːʔ, *l'aːʔ).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (7)
Final () (23)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/duo/
Pan
Wuyun
/duo/
Shao
Rongfen
/do/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/dɔ/
Li
Rong
/do/
Wang
Li
/du/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱuo/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ du ›
Old
Chinese
/*[d]ˁa/
English go on foot

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12494
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l'aː/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to be on foot
  2. foot soldier
  3. disciple; follower; adherent
  4. religious follower; apostle; worshipper
  5. prison sentence
  6. (derogatory) suffix for people with certain characteristics
  7. bare; plain
  8. merely; only; just
  9. in vain; unsuccessfully; to no avail
  10. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. going on foot
  2. empty-handed
  3. useless, in vain
  4. disciple
  5. a party, a gang
  6. criminal, penal servitude

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
いたずら
Grade: 4
kun’yomi

Adjective[edit]

(-nari inflection, hiragana いたずら, rōmaji itazura, historical hiragana いたづら)

  1. (Classical Japanese) useless, pointless, fruitless
  2. (Classical Japanese) unsatisfied because there is nothing to be; tasteless
  3. (Classical Japanese) in idleness

Noun[edit]

(hiragana いたずら, rōmaji itazura, historical hiragana いたづら)

  1. a kind of women's hairstyles in the late Edo period
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
あだ
Grade: 4
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

(-nari inflection, hiragana あだ, rōmaji ada)

  1. (Classical Japanese) useless, fruitless
  2. (Classical Japanese) ephemeral, temporary
  3. (Classical Japanese) fickle, frivolous
  4. (Classical Japanese) slack, lukewarm
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
かち
Grade: 4
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see かち.
(This term, , is a kanji spelling of かち.)

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
ただ
Grade: 4
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the entry at ただ with the following definitions.
[conjunction]but, however, although
[adverb]merely, commonly, simply, only

(This term, , is a kanji spelling of ただ.)

Etymology 5[edit]

Kanji in this term
むだ
Grade: 4
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see 無駄.
(This term, , is an alternative kanji spelling of 無駄.)

Etymology 6[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
kan’on

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , rōmaji to)

  1. fellows, same kind people; a set, a party, a gang
    Synonyms: (yakara), (tomogara)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 7[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
goon

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , rōmaji zu, historical hiragana )

  1. one of the punishments in the ancient Ritsuryō system; penal servitude
    Synonyms: 徒刑 (tokei), 懲役 (chōeki)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 8[edit]

Kanji in this term
かし
Grade: 4
Irregular

<kasi> → /kaɕi/

From Eastern dialectal form of Old Japanese. Cognate with Modern Japanese かち (kachi, walking, going on foot)

Noun[edit]

(hiragana かし, rōmaji kashi)

  1. (Classical Japanese, dialectal) Obsolete form of かち (kachi): walking, going on foot
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 20, poem 4417)
       () () () () ()  () () () () () () ()  () () () () ()  () () () () () () ()  () () () () () () () [Man'yōgana]
      赤駒 (あかごま)を 山野 (やまの) (はが)し  ()りかにて  () ()横山 (よこやま)  (かし)ゆか ()らむ [Modern spelling]
      <Akago1ma wo yamano1 ni pagasi to1rikanite Tama no2 yo2ko2yama kasi yuka yaramu>
      → Akagoma o yamano ni hagashi torikanite Tama no yokoyama kashi yuka yaramu
      Having pastured our red horse on the mountains and fields, and couldn't catch it, so I'll send him who'll go on foot through the mountains on the side of Tama.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(do) (hangeul , revised do, McCune–Reischauer to, Yale to)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đồ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.