penal

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See also: pénal

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Old French peinal, from Medieval Latin penalis, from Latin poenalis, from poena (punishment), from Ancient Greek ποινή (poinḗ, punishment), from Proto-Indo-European *kʷoynéh₂.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

penal (not comparable)

  1. Of or relating to punishment.
    penal servitude
  2. Subject to punishment; punishable.
    a penal offence
  3. Serving as a place of punishment.
    a penal colony

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From pena +‎ -al.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

penal (masculine and feminine plural penals)

  1. penal, criminal

Derived terms[edit]


Galician[edit]

palloza (thatched house) in eastern Galicia. Note the penais.

Etymology 1[edit]

14th century. From pena (stone) +‎ -al.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

penal m (plural penais)

  1. shorter, lateral wall of a house
    • 1429, M. Lucas Alvarez & M. J. Justo Martín (eds.), Fontes documentais da Universidade de Santiago de Compostela. Pergameos da serie Bens do Arquivo Histórico Universitario (Anos 1237-1537). Santiago: Consello da Cultura Galega, page 307:
      huna estrema de boa parede des lo canto mays de baixo do penal da dita casa [...] asta huna crus (+) que asignalamos e fezemos por marqua e deuision enna parede da orta de vos o dito liçençiado e vosos yrmâôs
      [We shall build]] a boundary, made of good wall, from the extreme of the lateral wall of that house [...] till a cross (+) that we have signalled and done as mark and division in the wall of the garden that belongs to you, the aforementioned lawyer, and to your brothers
  2. supporting wall
    Synonym: parede mestra
  3. each one of the slabs which tops a wall to protect it from the rain
  4. eaves
    Synonyms: beirado, beiril, sobrepena, sopena, topete

Etymology 2[edit]

From Late Latin poenalis (penal).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

penal m, f (plural penais)

  1. penal (of or relating to punishment)

Noun[edit]

penal m (plural penais)

  1. prison
    Synonyms: cadea, cárcere, trenla

References[edit]

  • penal” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • penal” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • penal” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • penal” in Santamarina, Antón (dir.), Ernesto González Seoane, María Álvarez de la Granja: Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega (v 4.0). Santiago: ILG.
  • penal” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Ladin[edit]

Adjective[edit]

penal m (feminine singular penala, masculine plural penai, feminine plural penales)

  1. penal

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Late Latin poenālis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

penal (plural penales)

  1. penal

Noun[edit]

penal m (plural penales)

  1. a kind of prison
  2. (soccer) penalty

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]