plane

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Plane, pláne, plané, plañe, and Pläne

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /pleɪn/, [pʰl̥eɪn]
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eɪn
  • Homophone: plain

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin plānum (flat surface), a noun use of the neuter of plānus (plain). The word was introduced in the 17th century to distinguish the geometrical senses from the other senses of plain. Doublet of llano, piano, and plain.

Adjective[edit]

plane (comparative planer, superlative planest)

  1. Of a surface: flat or level.
Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

plane (plural planes)

  1. A level or flat surface.
  2. (geometry) A flat surface extending infinitely in all directions (e.g. horizontal or vertical plane).
    1. (anatomy) An imaginary plane which divides the body into two portions.
  3. A level of existence or development.
    astral plane
  4. A roughly flat, thin, often moveable structure used to create lateral force by the flow of air or water over its surface, found on aircraft, submarines, etc. (Compare wing, airfoil, hydrofoil.)
  5. (computing, Unicode) Any of 17 designated ranges of 216 (65,536) sequential code points each.
Hyponyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Irish: plána
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

From Middle English plane, plaine, from Anglo-Norman plaine, from Late Latin plāna (planing tool).

Noun[edit]

plane (plural planes)

  1. (countable) A tool for smoothing wood by removing thin layers from the surface.
Translations[edit]
See also[edit]

Verb[edit]

plane (third-person singular simple present planes, present participle planing, simple past and past participle planed)

  1. (transitive) To smooth (wood) with a plane.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Clipping of aeroplane.

Noun[edit]

plane (plural planes)

  1. An airplane; an aeroplane.
    • 2013 September 6, Tom Cheshire, “Solar-powered travel”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 13, page 34:
      The plane is travelling impossibly slowly – 30km an hour – when it gently noses up and leaves the ground. With air beneath them, the rangy wings seem to gain strength; the fuselage that on the ground seemed flimsy becomes elegant, like a crane vaunting in flight. It seems not to fly, though, so much as float.
  2. (entomology) Any of various nymphalid butterflies, of various genera, having a slow gliding flight.
    Synonym: aeroplane
  3. (entomology) The butterfly Bindahara phocides, family Lycaenidae, of Asia and Australasia.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

plane (third-person singular simple present planes, present participle planing, simple past and past participle planed)

  1. (nautical) To move in a way that lifts the bow of a boat out of the water.
  2. To glide or soar.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

From Middle English plane, borrowed from Old French plane, from Latin platanus, from Ancient Greek πλάτανος (plátanos), from πλατύς (platús, wide, broad).

Noun[edit]

plane (plural planes)

  1. (countable) A deciduous tree of the genus Platanus.
  2. (Northern UK) A sycamore.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

plane

  1. feminine singular of plan

Verb[edit]

plane

  1. first-person singular present indicative of planer
  2. third-person singular present indicative of planer
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of planer
  4. third-person singular present subjunctive of planer
  5. second-person singular imperative of planer

Anagrams[edit]


German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

plane

  1. inflection of planen:
    1. first-person singular present
    2. first/third-person singular subjunctive I
    3. singular imperative

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From plānus (intelligible, clear).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

plānē (comparative plānius, superlative plānissimē)

  1. plainly (to the senses or understanding), distinctly, intelligibly
  2. (emphasising correctness) clearly, obviously
    1. (also used as an affirmative answer)
  3. wholly, utterly, thoroughly, quite

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • plane in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • plane in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • plane in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • plane in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to speak openly, straightforwardly: plane, aperte dicere
    • to banish all sad thoughts: omnem luctum plane abstergere

Anagrams[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Adjective[edit]

plane

  1. definite singular of plan
  2. plural of plan

Portuguese[edit]

Verb[edit]

plane

  1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of planar
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of planar
  3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of planar
  4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of planar

Swedish[edit]

Adjective[edit]

plane

  1. absolute definite natural masculine form of plan.

Anagrams[edit]