plat

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See also: plát and plať

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English platten, whence also plait.

Noun[edit]

plat ‎(plural plats)

  1. A braid; a plait (of hair).
    • 1609, William Shakespeare, A Lover's Complaint:
      Her hair, nor loose, nor tied in formal plat, / Proclaimed in her a careless hand of pride.
    • c. 1806, record in the journals of Lewis and Clark, recorded in The United States Exploration Anthology (2013, ISBN 1628409932):
      they also wear a cap or cup on the head formed of beargrass and cedar bark. the men also frequently attatch[sic] some small ornament to a small plat of hair on the center of the crown of their heads.
    • 1830, The Ladies' Museum, volume 31, page 59:
      [] hair ornamented with a bandeau of gold on one side of the forehead, with a large pearl in the centre of the bandeau; on the opposite side is a plat of hair.
  2. Material produced by braiding or interweaving, especially a material of interwoven straw from which straw hats are made.
    • 1824, New Material for Straw Plat, in The New England Farmer, volume 2, page 316:
      The large silver medal and twenty guineas, were this Session given to Miss Sophia Woodhouse, (Mrs. Wells,) of Weathersfield, in Connecticut, United States, for a new Material for Straw Plat.
    • 1829, On British Leghorn Plat for Hats and Bonnets, by Lady Harriet Bernard, in Gill's Technological Repository, volume 4, page 381:
      Her Ladyship, in a letter to A. Aikin, Esq., [] dated Castle Bernard, Ireland, Oct. 19, 1827, states that she has made some improvement in the mode of preparing the rye-straw, which is the material for plat employed in the school under her ladyship's patronage.
    • 1842, The Penny Cyclopædia of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge, volume 23:
      Mr. Corston states that 781,605 straw hats had been imported from 1794 to 1803; and that in the last four years of that period 5281 lbs. of straw-plat, which was equal to 26,405 hats, had also been brought to this country.
    • 2000, Whittington Bernard Johnson, Race Relations in the Bahamas, 1784-1834:
      Eleuthera made palmetto plat for hats, arrowroot, and casaba starch.
    • 2002, John McAllister Ulrich, Signs of Their Times (ISBN 0821414011), page 45
      The most detailed example of this particular mode of production occurs in the section of Cottage Economy devoted to the making of straw plat for hats, fashioned from raw material grown in England.

Verb[edit]

plat ‎(third-person singular simple present plats, present participle platting, simple past and past participle platted)

  1. To braid, to plait.
    • Matthew 27.29 (KJV):
      And when they had platted a crown of thorns, they put it upon his head.
    • 1844, Thomas Jefferson Jacobs, Scenes, Incidents, and Adventures in the Pacific Ocean, page 349:
      A customer hailed him; he placed the stool on the ground, and the customer seated himself upon it, while the barber shaved his face, platted his hair, and washed his hands []
    • 2006, Elka Paquette, Taboo (ISBN 1427607516), page 100:
      She platted her hair in segments the night before, so that today she'd have a rippling effect through her hair.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Early Modern English platte, a variation (probably dialectal) of plot ‎(plot of land) (whence plot). More at plot.

Noun[edit]

plat ‎(plural plats)

  1. A plot of land; a lot.
    • 1621, Robert Burton, The Anatomy of Melancholy, II.ii.3:
      The best soil commonly yields the worst air, a dry sandy plat is fittest to build upon, and such as is rather hilly than plain [].
    • 1667, John Milton, Paradise Lost:
      This flowery plat, the sweet recess of Eve.
    • 1833, Alfred Tennyson, The Blackbird:
      O Blackbird! sing me something well: / While all the neighbors shoot thee round, / I keep smooth plats of fruitful ground, / Where thou may’st warble, eat, and dwell.
    • 1914, The Maine Catholic Historical Magazine, volume 2, page 22:
      [] a favorite resting-place for the poet, a low stone seat under a huge live-oak with a formal plat of grass and a stone seat opposite.
  2. A map showing property lines (delineating one or more plots of land), especially as a legal document.
    • 1580, Richard Hakluyt, Notes given to Arthur Pet and Charles Jackman:
      For which cause I wish you to note all the islands, and to set them down in [a] plat.
    • 1888, Reports of Cases Argued and Determined in the Supreme Court of Indiana:
      A husband can not, without authority from his wife, plat her land, and the fact that the land which he assumes to plat was omitted by mistake from a previous plat made and acknowledged by her can make no difference.
    • 2002, Real Estate Principles (ISBN 0793141834), page 75:
      The purpose of the preapplication conference is to allow the developer to meet informally with the planning board before going to the expense of preparing a formal plat.
    • 2005, Aharon Varady, Bond Hill: Origin and Transformation of a 19th Century Cincinnati Metro-Suburb (ISBN 1411615948), page 76:
      In 1877, a formal plat of the unincorporated village was published (see figure 34).
  3. (obsolete) A plot, a scheme.
    • 1582 July 9, letter from Robert Bowes to Francis Walsingham, The Correspondence of Robert Bowes (1842):
      Besides some care is taken, so far as conveniently can be, both to give regard to the further spring of any matter tending to the entry or execution of any other or evil plat, and also upon the sight thereof, to have timely recourse to the King, []
    • 1589, George Puttenham, The Arte of English Poesie:
      So shall our plat in this one point be larger and much surmount that which Stanlhurst first tooke in hand.

Verb[edit]

plat ‎(third-person singular simple present plats, present participle platting, simple past and past participle platted)

  1. To create a plat (formal plan or property lines), to lay out streets and building lots; to map.
    • 1902 June 19, Ellen Dawson at al. vs. Robert Broome, reported in Reports of Cases Heard and Determined in the Supreme Court of Rhode Island, volume 24 (1903), page 371
      He platted his land, extending the lateral lines of the lots south of Shore, or India street, indefinitely out into the river.
    • 1888, Reports of Cases Argued and Determined in the Supreme Court of Indiana:
      A husband can not, without authority from his wife, plat her land, and the fact that the land which he assumes to plat was omitted by mistake from a previous plat made and acknowledged by her can make no difference.
    • 1913 January 6, Tesson v. H. K. Porter Co. (Supreme Court of Pennsylvania), reported in The Atlantic Reporter, volume 86, page 278:
      [] it may vacate a street where the original Owner has merely platted his land to conform to streets already located and established by the municipality, where no lot has been sold by such owner prior to such vacation.

Etymology 3[edit]

From a Germanic source; compare Dutch plat ‎(flat), German platt ‎(flat). Compare flat.

Adjective[edit]

plat ‎(comparative more plat, superlative most plat)

  1. (obsolete) Flat; level; (by extension) on the level, frank.
    • c. 1390, John Gower, Confessio Amantis, book 1:
      He leyeth downe his one care all plat / Unto the grounde, []
    • c. 1400, John Lydgate, poem, commented upon by Thomas Gray and printed in The Works of Thomas Gray, volume 5, page 305:
      But, crying mercy, the emperour lay plat on the ground.
    • 1889, Henry Morley, Early Prose Romances: The history of Reynard the Fox, page 149:
      But else, hold alway[sic] your tail fast between your legs that he catch you not thereby; and hold down your ears lying plat after your head that he hold you not thereby; and see wisely to yourself.
    • 1891, Arthur Conan Doyle, The White Company:
      But now, youngster, I have answered you freely, and I trow it is time that you answered me. Let things be plat and plain between us. I am a man who shoots straight at his mark.
    • 2011, Gordon Kendall, MHRA Tudor & Stuart Translations, volume 7.II: Gavin Douglas, The Aenid (1513) (ISBN 1907322493), page 638:
      The whirling wheel and speedy swift axle-tree / Smat down to ground, and on the earth lay plat.

Adverb[edit]

plat ‎(comparative more plat, superlative most plat)

  1. (obsolete) Plainly; flatly.
    • c. 1360, Chaucer, The Romaunt of the Rose:
      But, sir, ye lie, I tell you plat.
    • c. 1547‒1555, John Hooper, A Declaration of the Ten Commandments, published by the Parker Society in 1843:
      Fourth, see [that] thou hide nothing, nor dissemble, but speak plat, and plainly as much as thou knowest.
    • c. 1584‒1656, Joseph Hall:
      But single out, and say once plat and plain / That coy Matrona is a courtesan;

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Substantivization of the archaic adjective plat (compare French plat ‎(flat)), from Vulgar Latin *plattus, from Ancient Greek πλατύς ‎(platús, flat).

Noun[edit]

plat m ‎(plural plats)

  1. plate
  2. dish

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

plat m

  1. salary
    nástupní plat — starting salary
    základní plat — basic salary

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!
Particularly: “IPA”

Etymology 1[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Adjective[edit]

plat ‎(comparative platter, superlative platst)

  1. flat
    De wereld is plat
  2. of soft consistency
    platte kaas/kak
Declension[edit]
Inflection of plat
uninflected plat
inflected platte
comparative platter
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial plat platter het platst
het platste
indefinite m./f. sing. platte plattere platste
n. sing. plat platter platste
plural platte plattere platste
definite platte plattere platste
partitive plats platters
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia nl

From Platduits, which originally referred to any dialect specific to the low countries.

Noun[edit]

plat n ‎(uncountable)

  1. One's local dialect.
    Kan jij plat praten?
    Can you speak the dialect?

Adjective[edit]

plat ‎(comparative platter, superlative platst)

  1. as one's local dialect
  2. (by extension) common, rural, vulgar
Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Vulgar Latin *plattus, from Ancient Greek πλατύς ‎(platús, broad, flat).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

plat m (feminine singular plate, masculine plural plats, feminine plural plates)

  1. flat

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

plat m ‎(plural plats)

  1. a flat area of ground; a flat thing; a flat dish or receptacle
  2. dish or course (served in a restaurant)

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]


Gothic[edit]

Romanization[edit]

plat

  1. Romanization of 𐍀𐌻𐌰𐍄

Old French[edit]

Noun[edit]

plat m ‎(oblique plural plaz or platz, nominative singular plaz or platz, nominative plural plat)

  1. a footbridge

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French plat.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

plat 4 nom/acc forms

  1. flat, level, even

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

plat n

  1. The high first tone in Hanyu pinyin

Synonyms[edit]


Slovak[edit]

Noun[edit]

plat m ‎(genitive singular platu, nominative plural platy, declension pattern of dub)

  1. salary

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]