kak

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See also: kaak, käk, kåk, kāk-, kʼakʼ, and как

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Khmer កាក់ (kak). Doublet of jiao.

Noun[edit]

kak (plural kaks)

  1. A subdivision of currency, equal to one tenth of a Cambodian riel.

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Afrikaans kak (shit), from Dutch kak (shit).

Noun[edit]

kak (uncountable)

  1. (South Africa, slang) Shit.
    • 2008, Lauren Beukes, Moxyland, Jacana Media, →ISBN, page 102–103:
      ‘You a cop? You with the guy inside?’ the shoppie says, bending his knees to talk to me confidentially. ‘Cos it was legitimate, okay? Bitch started pulling down the merchandise, falling around. Dronkie. She's been in here before, causing kak. Stealing shit. And how long is your friend gonna be in there anyway?’

Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch kakken (verb), from Middle Dutch cacken, and kak (noun), from Middle Dutch cac.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kak/
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

kak (present kak, present participle kakkende, past participle gekak)

  1. (vulgar) to shit

Noun[edit]

kak (uncountable)

  1. (vulgar) shit

Basque[edit]

Noun[edit]

kak

  1. absolutive plural of ka
  2. inessive indefinite of ka
  3. inessive singular of ka

Cebuano[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English cock, from Middle English cok, from Old English coc, cocc (cock, male bird), from Proto-Germanic *kukkaz (cock), probably of onomatopoeic origin.

Verb[edit]

kak

  1. to prepare a firearm for firing
  2. (colloquial) to reach inside one's pants to adjust the penis especially during an unwanted erection

Noun[edit]

kak

  1. the sound of a cocking firearm

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch cac, deverbal from cacken; see kakken.

Noun[edit]

kak m (uncountable, diminutive kakje n)

  1. (vulgar) shit
  2. (vulgar, informal) arrogance
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Berbice Creole Dutch: kaka
  • Negerhollands: kaka, koka

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

kak

  1. first-person singular present indicative of kakken
  2. imperative of kakken

Livonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *kakku, borrowed either from Proto-Norse [script needed] (*kakō) or Proto-Germanic *kakǭ. Cognate with Estonian kakk, Finnish kakku.

Noun[edit]

kak

  1. cake

Lower Sorbian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Modified from Proto-Slavic *kako.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

kak

  1. how

Malay[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Clipping of kakak.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kak

  1. older sister
  2. term of address for a female acquaintance who is older but in the same generation
  3. older sibling (rare)
  4. older brother (rare)

Romani[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Two etymologies have been proposed:

  1. Inherited from Sanskrit काक्क (kākka), from a Dravidian word.[1][2] Compare Hindi काका (kākā).[2]
  2. Possibly borrowed from Iranian.[3]

Noun[edit]

kak m (nominative plural kaka)

  1. uncle

References[edit]

  1. ^ Turner, Ralph Lilley (1969–1985), “*kākka”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press, page 153
  2. 2.0 2.1 Boretzky, Norbert; Igla, Birgit (1994), “kak¹”, in Wörterbuch Romani-Deutsch-Englisch für den südosteuropäischen Raum : mit einer Grammatik der Dialektvarianten [Romani-German-English dictionary for the Southern European region] (in German), Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, →ISBN, page 132
  3. ^ Yaron Matras (2002), “Historical and linguistic origins”, in Romani: A Linguistic Introduction[1], Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, page 25

Further reading[edit]

  • Marcel Courthiade (2009), “o kak, -es m. -a, -en = o kàk/o, -os m. -e, -en”, in Melinda Rézműves, editor, Morri angluni rromane ćhibǎqi evroputni lavustik = Első rromani nyelvű európai szótáram : cigány, magyar, angol, francia, spanyol, német, ukrán, román, horvát, szlovák, görög [My First European-Romani Dictionary: Romani, Hungarian, English, French, Spanish, German, Ukrainian, Romanian, Croatian, Slovak, Greek] (in Hungarian; English), Budapest: Fővárosi Onkormányzat Cigány Ház--Romano Kher, →ISBN, page 184
  • Yūsuke Sumi (2018), “kak”, in ニューエクスプレスプラス ロマ(ジプシー)語 [New Express Plus Romani (Gypsy)] (in Japanese), Tokyo: Hakusuisha, published 2021, →ISBN, OCLC 1267332830, page 22

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Adverb[edit]

kak (Cyrillic spelling как)

  1. (Kajkavian) how
  2. (Kajkavian) as, like
  3. (colloquial, Croatia) Informal form of kako.

Conjunction[edit]

kak

  1. (Kajkavian) as, like
  2. (colloquial, Croatia) Informal form of kako.

Related terms[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Verb[edit]

kak

  1. second-person singular imperative of kakmak

Volapük[edit]

Noun[edit]

kak (nominative plural kaks)

  1. cocoa

Declension[edit]


Yucatec Maya[edit]

Noun[edit]

kak

  1. Obsolete spelling of kʼáakʼ