From Middle English sister, suster, from Old English swustor, sweoster, sweostor (“sister, nun”); from Proto-Germanic *swestēr (“sister”), from Proto-Indo-European *swésōr (“sister”). Cognate with Scots sister, syster (“sister”), West Frisian sus, suster (“sister”), Dutch zuster (“sister”), German Schwester (“sister”), Norwegian Bokmål søster (“sister”), Norwegian Nynorsk and Swedish syster (“sister”), Icelandic systir (“sister”), Gothic 𐍃𐍅𐌹𐍃𐍄𐌰𐍂 (swistar, “sister”), Latin soror (“sister”), Russian сестра́ (sestrá, “sister”), Lithuanian sesuo (“sister”), Albanian vajzë (“girl, maiden”), Sanskrit स्वसृ (svásṛ, “sister”), Persian خواهر (xâhar, “sister”).
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈsɪs.tə/
Audio (UK) (file)
- (General American) enPR: sĭs'tər, IPA(key): /ˈsɪs.tɚ/
Audio (US) (file) Audio (file)
- Rhymes: -ɪstə(r)
- Hyphenation: sis‧ter
- A daughter of the same parents as another person; a female sibling.
- My sister is always driving me crazy.
- A female member of a religious order; especially one devoted to more active service; (informal) a nun.
- Michelle left behind her bank job and became a sister at the local convent.
- Any butterfly in the genus Adelpha, so named for the resemblance of the dark-colored wings to the black habit traditionally worn by nuns.
- (Britain) A senior or supervisory nurse, often in a hospital.
- Any woman or girl with whom a bond is felt through common membership of a race, profession, religion or organization, such as feminism.
- Connie was very close to her friend Judy and considered her to be her sister.
- (slang) A black woman.
- (informal) A form of address to a woman.
- What’s up, sister?
- A woman, in certain labour or socialist circles; also as a form of address.
- Thank you, sister. I would like to thank the sister who just spoke.
- (attributively) An entity that has a special or affectionate, non-hierarchical relationship with another.
- sister publication, sister city, sister projects
- (computing theory) A node in a data structure that shares its parent with another node.
- (usually attributively) Something in the same class.
- sister ships, sister facility
- In Roman Catholicism, a distinction is often drawn (especially by members of female religious orders) between nuns and sisters, the former being cloistered and devoted primarily to prayer, the latter being more active, doing work such as operating hospitals, caring for the poor, or teaching.
- The plural "sistren" is no longer commonly used for biological sisters in contemporary English (although it was in the past) but may be found in some religious, feminist, or poetic usage.
- (woman or girl with the same parents): (slang) sis
- (member of religious community): nun, sistren
- (supervisory nurse): charge nurse
- (informal: form of address to a woman): darling, dear, love, (US) lady, miss, (northern UK) pet
- (attributively, having a special relationship): affiliate, affiliated
- (with regards to gender) brother
- (daughter of common parents): sibling
- → Gulf Arabic: سِسْتَر (sistər, “female nurse”)
- → Japanese: シスター (shisutā)
- → Korean: 시스터 (siseuteo)
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
- (transitive, construction) To strengthen (a supporting beam) by fastening a second beam alongside it.
- I’m trying to correct my sagging floor by sistering the joists.
- (obsolete, transitive) To be sister to; to resemble closely.
- Sister (disambiguation) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
- sister in the Encyclopædia Britannica (11th edition, 1911)
- Alternative form of
sister (plural sisteris)