Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/swésōr

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Possibly from *su-h₁ésh₂-ōr, reflexive pronoun of *swé (self) +‎ *h₁ésh₂r̥ (blood), so literally “woman of one's own kin group” in an exogamous society. Another alternative combines *swé (self) +‎ *-sōr (feminine-noun-forming suffix).

Noun[edit]

*swésōr f

  1. sister

Inflection[edit]

Athematic, amphikinetic
singular
nominative *swésōr
genitive *susrés
singular dual plural
nominative *swésōr *swésorh₁(e) *swésores
vocative *swésor *swésorh₁(e) *swésores
accusative *swésorm̥ *swésorh₁(e) *swésorm̥s
genitive *susrés *? *susróHom
ablative *susrés *? *susr̥mós
dative *susréy *? *susr̥mós
locative *susér, *suséri *? *susr̥sú
instrumental *susréh₁ *? *susr̥bʰí

Coordinate terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Albanian: *swesarā
    • Albanian: *vëharë*varë (contraction)*varjëvajë (dialectal)vajzë (girl) (+ -zë (denominative suffix))
  • Armenian:
  • Balto-Slavic: *swésō (see there for further descendants)
  • Celtic: *swesūr (see there for further descendants)
  • Germanic: *swestēr (see there for further descendants)
  • Hellenic: *hwéhōr
  • Indo-Iranian: *swásā (see there for further descendants)
  • Italic: *swezōr (see there for further descendants)
  • Tocharian: *(ṣä)ṣer (< *swésorm̥ (accusative))

References[edit]