nun

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See also: Nun, nún, nùn, ñun, Nun., and ن

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old English nunne (nun, priestess), from Late Latin nonna (nun, tutor), originally (along with masculine form nonnus (man)) a term of address for elderly persons, perhaps from children's speech, reminiscent of nana, like papa etc.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

nun (plural nuns)

  1. A member of a Christian religious community of women who live by certain vows and usually wear a habit, (Roman Catholicism, specifically) those living together in a cloister.
  2. By extension, member of a similar female community in other confessions.
  3. (archaic, British slang) A prostitute.[1]
    • 1770, Foote, Samuel, The Lame Lover[2], page 12:
      Then lend me your ear—Why last night, as Colonel Kill'em, Sir William Weezy, Lord Frederick Foretop, and I were carelessly sliding the Ranelagh round, picking our teeth, after a damn'd muzzy dinner at Boodle's, who should trip by but an abbess, well known about town, with a smart little nun in her suite.
    • 1881, Egan, Pierce, chapter 8, in Life in London[3], page 205:
      "I mean to inform you," answered the Oxonian, with a grin on his face, "that those three nymphs, who have so much dazzled your optics, are three nuns, and the plump female is Mother .... of great notoriety [...]"

Usage notes[edit]

In Roman Catholicism, a distinction is often drawn (especially by members of female religious orders) between nuns and sisters, the former being cloistered and devoted primarily to prayer, the latter being more active, doing work such as operating hospitals, caring for the poor, or teaching.

Synonyms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Etymology 2[edit]

Ultimately from Proto-Semitic *nūn- (fish).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

nun (plural nuns)

  1. The fourteenth letter of many Semitic alphabets/abjads (Phoenician, Aramaic, Hebrew, Syriac, Arabic and others).
Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Farmer, John Stephen (1902) Slang and Its Analogues[1], volume 5, page 76
  • nun” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary, 2001–2017.

Asturian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin nōn.

Adverb[edit]

nun

  1. not, no (used to make negatives)

Etymology 2[edit]

Contraction[edit]

nun

  1. in a/an (contraction of en + un)

Chiricahua[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • non (in older Americanist literature)

Etymology[edit]

Cognates: Navajo nooʼ, Western Apache non, noi, Plains Apache nǫǫ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

nun

  1. grave, burial place
  2. cache

Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

German nun.

Adverb[edit]

nun

  1. now

Derived terms[edit]


Fala[edit]

Adverb[edit]

nun

  1. Alternative form of non

Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From contraction of preposition en (in) + masculine article un (a, one)

Contraction[edit]

nun m (feminine nunha, masculine plural nuns, feminine plural nunhas)

  1. in a, in one

German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • nu (colloquial; otherwise archaic)

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German nu, nū, nuo with a secondary final -n, already occasionally in Middle High German nuon.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

nun

  1. now, then; expressing a logical or temporal consequence
    Wir haben abgewaschen, nun müssen wir noch abtrocknen.
    We've washed up, now we must dry [the dishes].
    Was bedeuten nun die geschilderten Entwicklungen für unser Land?
    Now what do the aforementioned developments mean for our country?
  2. unstressed and expletive, used for minor emphasis
    Was soll das nun heißen?
    What's that supposed to mean now?

Usage notes[edit]

  • Although the adverb is similar and akin to English “now”, German nun is not commonly used in a strictly temporal sense, meaning “at this moment”. For that, see jetzt.

Interjection[edit]

nun

  1. now, well, so
    Nun, das ist eine schwierige Frage.
    Well, that's a tough question.

Hausa[edit]

Noun[edit]

nun f

  1. Arabic letter nun (ن)

Ido[edit]

Adverb[edit]

nun

  1. now

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Hebrew נו״ן (nun).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /nun/, [n̺un̺]
  • Stress: nùn
  • Hyphenation: nun

Noun[edit]

nun f (invariable)

  1. nun, specifically:
    1. The name of the Phoenician-script letter 𐤍
    2. The name of the Hebrew-script letter נ/ן
    3. The name of the Arabic-script letter ن

Lojban[edit]

Rafsi[edit]

nun

  1. rafsi of nu.

Mirandese[edit]

Adverb[edit]

nun

  1. not

Novial[edit]

Adverb[edit]

nun

  1. now

Old French[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

See nom.

Noun[edit]

nun m (oblique plural nuns, nominative singular nuns, nominative plural nun)

  1. (Anglo-Norman) Alternative form of nom

Etymology 2[edit]

Reduced from of negun.

Adjective[edit]

nun m (oblique and nominative feminine singular nune)

  1. Alternative form of negun

Pronoun[edit]

nun

  1. Alternative form of negun

Rohingya[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Bengali [Term?].

Noun[edit]

nun

  1. salt

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Late Latin nonnus.

Noun[edit]

nun m (plural nuni, feminine equivalent nună)

  1. the godfather at a wedding

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic نُون (nūn).

Noun[edit]

nun

  1. Letter of the Arabic alphabet: ن
    • Previous: م
    • Next: و

Volapük[edit]

Noun[edit]

nun (plural nuns)

  1. message

Declension[edit]


Wolof[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • ñun (used alongside "nun" in Urban Wolof)

Pronoun[edit]

nun

  1. we (first-person plural subject pronoun)

See also[edit]