nun

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See also: Nun, nún, nùn, ñun, Nun., andن

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English nonne, nunne, from Old English nunne (nun), from Late Latin nonna (nun, tutor), originally (along with masculine form nonnus (man)) a term of address for elderly persons, perhaps from children's speech, reminiscent of nana, like papa etc. Doublet of nonna.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

nun (plural nuns)

  1. A member of a Christian religious community of women who live by certain vows and usually wear a habit, (Roman Catholicism, specifically) those living together in a cloister.
    Synonyms: sister, moniale, sistren, cloistress
    Antonyms: brother, friar, monk, frater
    • 1988, Tsitsi Dangarembga, Nervous Conditions, Faber & Faber Limited (2021), page 258:
      Thus, when the nuns came to the mission and we saw that instead of murmuring soft blessings and gliding seraphically over the grass in diaphanous habits, they wore smart blouses and skirts and walked, laughed and talked in low twanging tones very much like our own American missionaries did, we were very disappointed.
  2. (by extension) A member of a similar female community in other confessions.
    a Buddhist nun
  3. (archaic, Britain, slang) A prostitute.[1]
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:prostitute
    • 1770, Samuel Foote, The Lame Lover, a Comedy in Three Acts. [], London: [] Paul Vaillant; and sold by P[eter] Elmsly []; and Robinson and Roberts, [], →OCLC, Act I, page 12:
      Why laſt night, as Colonel Kill'em, Sir William Weezy, Lord Frederick Foretop, and I were careleſsly ſliding the Ranelagh round, picking our teeth, after a damn'd muzzy dinner at Boodle's, who ſhould trip by but an abbeſs, well known about town, with a ſmart little nun in her ſuite.
    • 1881, Pierce Egan, chapter 8, in Life in London[1], page 205:
      "I mean to inform you," answered the Oxonian, with a grin on his face, "that those three nymphs, who have so much dazzled your optics, are three nuns, and the plump female is Mother .... of great notoriety [...]"
  4. A kind of pigeon with the feathers on its head like the hood of a nun.
Usage notes[edit]

In Roman Catholicism, a distinction is often drawn (especially by members of female religious orders) between nuns and sisters, the former being cloistered and devoted primarily to prayer, the latter being more active, doing work such as operating hospitals, caring for the poor, or teaching.

Hyponyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Further reading[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from the letter’s name in the respective language. Doublet of nu.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

nun (plural nuns)

  1. The fourteenth letter of many Semitic alphabets/abjads (Phoenician, Aramaic, Hebrew, Syriac, Arabic and others).
Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

nun

  1. Pronunciation spelling of nothing.

References[edit]

  1. ^ John S[tephen] Farmer; W[illiam] E[rnest] Henley, compilers (1902), “nun”, in Slang and Its Analogues Past and Present. [], volume V, [London: [] Harrison and Sons] [], →OCLC, page 76.

Asturian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin nōn.

Adverb[edit]

nun

  1. not, no (used to make negatives)

Etymology 2[edit]

Contraction[edit]

nun

  1. in a/an (contraction of en + un)

Bambara[edit]

Noun[edit]

nún

  1. (anatomy) nose

References[edit]

Chiricahua[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • non (in older Americanist literature)

Etymology[edit]

Cognates: Navajo nooʼ, Western Apache non, noi, Plains Apache nǫǫ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

nun

  1. grave, burial place
  2. cache

Chuj[edit]

Noun[edit]

nun

  1. parent

Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from German nun.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

nun

  1. now

Derived terms[edit]

Fala[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Galician-Portuguese non, from Latin nōn (not).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

nun

  1. Alternative form of non (no, not)

References[edit]

  • Valeš, Miroslav (2021) Diccionariu de A Fala: lagarteiru, mañegu, valverdeñu (web)[2], 2nd edition, Minde, Portugal: CIDLeS, published 2022, →ISBN

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Phoenician [Term?].

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈnun/, [ˈnun]
  • Rhymes: -un
  • Syllabification(key): nun

Noun[edit]

nun

  1. nun (fourteenth letter of the Hebrew and Phoenician scripts and the Northwest Semitic abjad)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of nun (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative nun nunit
genitive nunin nunien
partitive nunia nuneja
illative nuniin nuneihin
singular plural
nominative nun nunit
accusative nom. nun nunit
gen. nunin
genitive nunin nunien
partitive nunia nuneja
inessive nunissa nuneissa
elative nunista nuneista
illative nuniin nuneihin
adessive nunilla nuneilla
ablative nunilta nuneilta
allative nunille nuneille
essive nunina nuneina
translative nuniksi nuneiksi
abessive nunitta nuneitta
instructive nunein
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of nun (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative nunini nunini
accusative nom. nunini nunini
gen. nunini
genitive nunini nunieni
partitive nuniani nunejani
inessive nunissani nuneissani
elative nunistani nuneistani
illative nuniini nuneihini
adessive nunillani nuneillani
ablative nuniltani nuneiltani
allative nunilleni nuneilleni
essive nuninani nuneinani
translative nunikseni nuneikseni
abessive nunittani nuneittani
instructive
comitative nuneineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative nunisi nunisi
accusative nom. nunisi nunisi
gen. nunisi
genitive nunisi nuniesi
partitive nuniasi nunejasi
inessive nunissasi nuneissasi
elative nunistasi nuneistasi
illative nuniisi nuneihisi
adessive nunillasi nuneillasi
ablative nuniltasi nuneiltasi
allative nunillesi nuneillesi
essive nuninasi nuneinasi
translative nuniksesi nuneiksesi
abessive nunittasi nuneittasi
instructive
comitative nuneinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative nunimme nunimme
accusative nom. nunimme nunimme
gen. nunimme
genitive nunimme nuniemme
partitive nuniamme nunejamme
inessive nunissamme nuneissamme
elative nunistamme nuneistamme
illative nuniimme nuneihimme
adessive nunillamme nuneillamme
ablative nuniltamme nuneiltamme
allative nunillemme nuneillemme
essive nuninamme nuneinamme
translative nuniksemme nuneiksemme
abessive nunittamme nuneittamme
instructive
comitative nuneinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative nuninne nuninne
accusative nom. nuninne nuninne
gen. nuninne
genitive nuninne nunienne
partitive nunianne nunejanne
inessive nunissanne nuneissanne
elative nunistanne nuneistanne
illative nuniinne nuneihinne
adessive nunillanne nuneillanne
ablative nuniltanne nuneiltanne
allative nunillenne nuneillenne
essive nuninanne nuneinanne
translative nuniksenne nuneiksenne
abessive nunittanne nuneittanne
instructive
comitative nuneinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative nuninsa nuninsa
accusative nom. nuninsa nuninsa
gen. nuninsa
genitive nuninsa nuniensa
partitive nuniaan
nuniansa
nunejaan
nunejansa
inessive nunissaan
nunissansa
nuneissaan
nuneissansa
elative nunistaan
nunistansa
nuneistaan
nuneistansa
illative nuniinsa nuneihinsa
adessive nunillaan
nunillansa
nuneillaan
nuneillansa
ablative nuniltaan
nuniltansa
nuneiltaan
nuneiltansa
allative nunilleen
nunillensa
nuneilleen
nuneillensa
essive nuninaan
nuninansa
nuneinaan
nuneinansa
translative nunikseen
nuniksensa
nuneikseen
nuneiksensa
abessive nunittaan
nunittansa
nuneittaan
nuneittansa
instructive
comitative nuneineen
nuneinensa

Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From contraction of preposition en (in) + masculine article un (a, one).

Pronunciation[edit]

Contraction[edit]

nun m (feminine nunha, masculine plural nuns, feminine plural nunhas)

  1. in a, in one

German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle High German nu, nū, nuo with a secondary final -n, already occasionally in Middle High German nuon, from Old High German nu, from Proto-West Germanic *nū.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • nu (colloquial; otherwise archaic)

Adverb[edit]

nun

  1. now, at this moment
  2. now, then; expressing a logical or temporal consequence
    Wir haben abgewaschen, nun müssen wir noch abtrocknen.
    We've washed up, now we must dry [the dishes].
    Was bedeuten nun die geschilderten Entwicklungen für unser Land?
    Now what do the aforementioned developments mean for our country?
  3. unstressed and expletive, used for minor emphasis
    Was soll das nun heißen?
    What's that supposed to mean now?
Usage notes[edit]
  • Although the adverb is similar and akin to English “now”, German nun is not commonly used in a strictly temporal sense, meaning “at this moment”. For that, see jetzt.

Interjection[edit]

nun

  1. now, well, so
    Nun, das ist eine schwierige Frage.
    Well, that's a tough question.

Etymology 2[edit]

Clipping of nun daß or nun da.

Conjunction[edit]

nun

  1. (literary or dated colloquial) now that, given that it has occurred that the circumstances do not withstand that …

Hausa[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabicنُون(nūn).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

nun f

  1. nun (letter of the Arabic alphabet)

Ido[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Esperanto nunGerman nun. Originally replaced with nunk, it was eventually taken back.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

nun

  1. now, at present, at this time
    Synonym: nunk (archaic)

Derived terms[edit]

  • nun kande (now when, now that)
  • nuna evento (a present, current event)
  • nuna stando (the existing condition, status quo)
  • nuna (present, actual, current, now occurring)
  • nuntempa (present day, time)
  • nuntempe (at the present time)

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Hebrewנו״ן(nun).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈnun/
  • Rhymes: -un
  • Hyphenation: nùn

Noun[edit]

nun f (invariable)

  1. nun, specifically:
    1. the name of the Phoenician-script letter 𐤍
    2. the name of the Hebrew-script letter נ/ן
    3. the name of the Arabic-script letter ن

Jebero[edit]

Noun[edit]

nun

  1. canoe

Lombard[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Akin to Italian noi, from Latin nos.

Pronoun[edit]

nun

  1. we

Mandarin[edit]

Romanization[edit]

nun

  1. Nonstandard spelling of nún.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of nùn.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Transcriptions of Mandarin into the Latin script often do not distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without indication of tone.

Mirandese[edit]

Adverb[edit]

nun

  1. not

Old French[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

See nom.

Noun[edit]

nun oblique singularm (oblique plural nuns, nominative singular nuns, nominative plural nun)

  1. (Anglo-Norman) Alternative form of nom

Etymology 2[edit]

Reduced form of negun.

Adjective[edit]

nun m (oblique and nominative feminine singular nune)

  1. Alternative form of negun

Pronoun[edit]

nun

  1. Alternative form of negun

Rohingya[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare Bengali নুন (nun).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

nun

  1. salt

Synonyms[edit]

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Late Latin nonnus.

Noun[edit]

nun m (plural nuni, feminine equivalent nună)

  1. the godfather at a wedding

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Sicilian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin nōn.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

nun

  1. not

Tat[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Akin to Persianنان(nân, bread), see there for more.

Noun[edit]

nun

  1. bread

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabicنُون(nūn).

Noun[edit]

nun

  1. Letter of the Arabic alphabet: ⁧ن
    • Previous: ⁧م
    • Next: ⁧و

Volapük[edit]

Noun[edit]

nun (nominative plural nuns)

  1. message

Declension[edit]

Wolof[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • ñun (used alongside "nun" in Urban Wolof)

Pronoun[edit]

nun

  1. we (first-person plural subject pronoun)

See also[edit]

Zazaki[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈnun]
  • Hyphenation: nun

Noun[edit]

nun

  1. Alternative form of nan