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Character
Unicode name CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5C3C
Code point U+5C3C
Entity number 尼
Unicode block CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5C3B] [U+5C3D]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
尼-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
尼-bigseal.svg 尼-seal.svg

Ideogram (指事). In this character represents a man, and (otherwise meaning "spoon") also represents a man; two men leaning against each other, originally meaning "close, intimate". The derivative refers to the original word.

Han character[edit]

(radical 44 +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 尸心 (SP), four-corner 77211, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 300, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7635
  • Dae Jaweon: page 596, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 965, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5C3C

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

A shortening of 比丘, from Sanskrit भिक्षुणी ‎(bhikṣunī, a female beggar), from Pali bhikkhunī ‎(a female beggar). Compare भिक्षु ‎(bhikṣu, beggar).

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ni³⁵/
Harbin /ni²⁴/
Tianjin /ni⁴⁵/
Jinan /ȵi⁴²/
Qingdao /ni⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ni⁴²/
Xi'an /ni²⁴/
Xining /mji²⁴/
Yinchuan /mi⁵³/
/ni⁵³/
Lanzhou /ȵi⁵³/
Ürümqi /ȵi⁵¹/
Wuhan /ni²¹³/
Chengdu /ȵi³¹/
Guiyang /ni²¹/
Kunming /ni³¹/
Nanjing /li²⁴/
Hefei /zz̩⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ni¹¹/
Pingyao /ȵi¹³/
Hohhot /ni³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ȵi¹³/
Suzhou /ȵi¹³/
Hangzhou /ȵi²¹³/
Wenzhou /ȵi³¹/
Hui Shexian /ni⁴⁴/
Tunxi /ȵie⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ȵi¹³/
Xiangtan /ȵi¹²/
Gan Nanchang /ȵi⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /ni¹¹/
Taoyuan /ni¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /nei²¹/
Nanning /nɐi²¹/
Hong Kong /nei²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ni³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /nɛ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ni²¹/
/mi³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /nĩ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ni³¹/
/ni²¹³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (12)
Final: (17)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: Chongniu III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: ní
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɳɣiɪ/ /ɳɯi/ /niɪ/ /ɳji/ /nji/ /ni/ /ni/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ nejX › /*nˤərʔ/ to stop
‹ nejH › /*nˤərʔ-s/ to stop, obstruct
‹ nrij › /*nr[əj]/ near, close

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9428 1 /*nil/

Noun[edit]

  1. Buddhist nun

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あま, romaji ama)

  1. nun

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ni, i) (hangeul , , revised ni, i, McCune-Reischauer ni, i)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ni, này, , nơi, nầy, )

  1. place