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U+5C3C, 尼
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5C3C

[U+5C3B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5C3D]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
尼-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
尼-bigseal.svg 尼-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*niːl, *niːls
*niːl
*niːlʔ
*niːlʔ
*niːls
*braːms, *niːl, *niːls
*nilʔ
*nilʔ
*nilʔ
*nil
*nil
*nil
*nil, *nilʔ
*nil
*nil
*nil
*rniːd
*niɡ

Ideogram (指事). In this character represents a man, and (otherwise meaning "spoon") also represents a man; two men leaning against each other, originally meaning "close, intimate". The derivative refers to the original word.

Han character[edit]

(radical 44 +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 尸心 (SP), four-corner 77211, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 300, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7635
  • Dae Jaweon: page 596, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 965, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5C3C

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

A shortening of 比丘, from Sanskrit भिक्षुणी(bhikṣunī, a female beggar), from Pali bhikkhunī(a female beggar). Compare भिक्षु(bhikṣu, beggar).

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ni³⁵/
Harbin /ni²⁴/
Tianjin /ni⁴⁵/
Jinan /ȵi⁴²/
Qingdao /ni⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ni⁴²/
Xi'an /ni²⁴/
Xining /mji²⁴/
Yinchuan /mi⁵³/
/ni⁵³/
Lanzhou /ȵi⁵³/
Ürümqi /ȵi⁵¹/
Wuhan /ni²¹³/
Chengdu /ȵi³¹/
Guiyang /ni²¹/
Kunming /ni³¹/
Nanjing /li²⁴/
Hefei /zz̩⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ni¹¹/
Pingyao /ȵi¹³/
Hohhot /ni³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ȵi²³/
Suzhou /ȵi¹³/
Hangzhou /ȵi²¹³/
Wenzhou /ȵi³¹/
Hui Shexian /ni⁴⁴/
Tunxi /ȵie⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ȵi¹³/
Xiangtan /ȵi¹²/
Gan Nanchang /ȵi⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /ni¹¹/
Taoyuan /ni¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /nei²¹/
Nanning /nɐi²¹/
Hong Kong /nei²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ni³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /nɛ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ni²¹/
/mi³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /nĩ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ni³¹/
/ni²¹³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (12)
Final () (17)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɳˠiɪ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɳᵚi/
Shao
Rongfen
/niɪ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɳji/
Li
Rong
/nji/
Wang
Li
/ni/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ni/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ nejX › ‹ nejH › ‹ nrij ›
Old
Chinese
/*nˤərʔ/ /*nˤərʔ-s/ /*nr[əj]/
English to stop to stop, obstruct near, close

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9428
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*nil/

Noun[edit]

  1. Buddhist nun

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あま, romaji ama)

  1. nun

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ni, i) (hangeul , , revised ni, i, McCune-Reischauer ni, i)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ni, này, , nơi, nầy, )

  1. place