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U+5C3C, 尼
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5C3C

[U+5C3B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5C3D]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
尼-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 44, +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 尸心 (SP), four-corner 77211, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 300, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7635
  • Dae Jaweon: page 596, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 965, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5C3C

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
尼-seal.svg 尼-bigseal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意). The character does not appear as an independent character in the oracle bone script but appears as a component of 𢓚 and . The character shows a man () sitting on or leaning on another man (), giving the original meaning of “to stop” or “close; intimate”; the derivative refers to the latter meaning.

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.

Clipping of 比丘尼 (bǐqiūní), from Sanskrit भिक्षुणी (bhikṣuṇī, female beggar) or Pali bhikkhunī (female beggar). Compare Sanskrit भिक्षु (bhikṣu, beggar).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: nai4 - vernacular variant.
Note: lûi - used in 尼姑.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ni³⁵/
Harbin /ni²⁴/
Tianjin /ni⁴⁵/
Jinan /ȵi⁴²/
Qingdao /ni⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ni⁴²/
Xi'an /ni²⁴/
Xining /mji²⁴/
Yinchuan /mi⁵³/
/ni⁵³/
Lanzhou /ȵi⁵³/
Ürümqi /ȵi⁵¹/
Wuhan /ni²¹³/
Chengdu /ȵi³¹/
Guiyang /ni²¹/
Kunming /ni³¹/
Nanjing /li²⁴/
Hefei /zz̩⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ni¹¹/
Pingyao /ȵi¹³/
Hohhot /ni³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ȵi²³/
Suzhou /ȵi¹³/
Hangzhou /ȵi²¹³/
Wenzhou /ȵi³¹/
Hui Shexian /ni⁴⁴/
Tunxi /ȵie⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ȵi¹³/
Xiangtan /ȵi¹²/
Gan Nanchang /ȵi⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /ni¹¹/
Taoyuan /ni¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /nei²¹/
Nanning /nɐi²¹/
Hong Kong /nei²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ni³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /nɛ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ni²¹/
/mi³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /nĩ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ni³¹/
/ni²¹³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (12)
Final () (17)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɳˠiɪ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɳᵚi/
Shao
Rongfen
/niɪ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɳji/
Li
Rong
/nji/
Wang
Li
/ni/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ni/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex

Definitions[edit]

  1. Buddhist nun

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

simp. and trad.

Unknown. Possibly a variant of (OC *njelʔ, “near”) (compare Mandarin () from (OC *njelʔ)), or a conflation of (OC *njelʔ, “near”) and (OC *niɡ) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (12)
Final () (17)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɳˠiɪ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɳᵚi/
Shao
Rongfen
/niɪ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɳji/
Li
Rong
/nji/
Wang
Li
/ni/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ni/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ nrij ›
Old
Chinese
/*nr[əj]/
English near, close

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9428
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*nil/

Definitions[edit]

  1. near; close; intimate
  2. peaceful; calm
  3. harmonious

Etymology 3[edit]

simp. and trad.

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (12)
Final () (17)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɳˠiɪ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɳᵚi/
Shao
Rongfen
/niɪ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɳji/
Li
Rong
/nji/
Wang
Li
/ni/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ni/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex

Definitions[edit]

  1. A surname​.

Etymology 4[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ nejX › ‹ nejH ›
Old
Chinese
/*nˁərʔ/ /*nˁərʔ-s/
English to stop to stop, obstruct

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.

Definitions[edit]

  1. to stop; to obstruct

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (Taishanese) a few; a little bit; some
  2. (Taishanese) the; those
  3. (Taishanese) more; -er
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 6[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Definitions[edit]

  1. (Leizhou Min) Prefix in non-face-to-face kinship terms.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
あま
Grade: S
kun’yomi

Probably ultimately from Pali amma (mother; woman).[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(あま) (ama

  1. nun

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
あま
Grade: S
kun’yomi

From Clipping of アマゾン (Amazon, Amazon.com Inc).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(あま) (Ama

  1. (Internet slang) Amazon (Amazon.com Inc)
    • 2019 December 19, 闇陰ひかる@騎士団長兼任提督, Twitter[1]:
      あ、(くう)(せん)アルト()ってる(´・ω・`)でも明日(あす)(あま)から(とど)くから
      A, kūsen-Aruto utteru (´ ω `) demo asu Ama kara todoku kara
      Ah, aerial combat version of Alt is sold :( but I'll get it from Amazon tomorrow
Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC ɳˠiɪ). Recorded as Middle Korean  (Yale: ni) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

Hanja[edit]

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 여승 (yeoseung ni), South Korea 여승 (yeoseung i))

  1. Hanja form? of / (a Buddhist nun).

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ni, này, , nơi, nầy, )

  1. place