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U+5C3C, 尼
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5C3C

[U+5C3B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5C3D]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
尼-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 44 +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 尸心 (SP), four-corner 77211, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 300, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7635
  • Dae Jaweon: page 596, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 965, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5C3C

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
尼-bigseal.svg 尼-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*niːl, *niːls
*niːl
*niːlʔ
*niːlʔ
*niːls
*braːms, *niːl, *niːls
*nilʔ
*nilʔ
*nilʔ
*nil
*nil
*nil
*nil, *nilʔ
*nil
*nil
*nil
*rniːd
*niɡ

Ideogram (指事). In this character represents a man, and (otherwise meaning "spoon") also represents a man; two men leaning against each other, originally meaning "close, intimate". The derivative refers to the original word.

Etymology 1[edit]

A shortening of 比丘, from Sanskrit भिक्षुणी (bhikṣunī, a female beggar), from Pali bhikkhunī (a female beggar). Compare भिक्षु (bhikṣu, beggar).

Pronunciation[edit]


  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ni³⁵/
Harbin /ni²⁴/
Tianjin /ni⁴⁵/
Jinan /ȵi⁴²/
Qingdao /ni⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ni⁴²/
Xi'an /ni²⁴/
Xining /mji²⁴/
Yinchuan /mi⁵³/
/ni⁵³/
Lanzhou /ȵi⁵³/
Ürümqi /ȵi⁵¹/
Wuhan /ni²¹³/
Chengdu /ȵi³¹/
Guiyang /ni²¹/
Kunming /ni³¹/
Nanjing /li²⁴/
Hefei /zz̩⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ni¹¹/
Pingyao /ȵi¹³/
Hohhot /ni³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ȵi²³/
Suzhou /ȵi¹³/
Hangzhou /ȵi²¹³/
Wenzhou /ȵi³¹/
Hui Shexian /ni⁴⁴/
Tunxi /ȵie⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ȵi¹³/
Xiangtan /ȵi¹²/
Gan Nanchang /ȵi⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /ni¹¹/
Taoyuan /ni¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /nei²¹/
Nanning /nɐi²¹/
Hong Kong /nei²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ni³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /nɛ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ni²¹/
/mi³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /nĩ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ni³¹/
/ni²¹³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (12)
Final () (17)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɳˠiɪ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɳᵚi/
Shao
Rongfen
/niɪ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɳji/
Li
Rong
/nji/
Wang
Li
/ni/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ni/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ nejX › ‹ nejH › ‹ nrij ›
Old
Chinese
/*nˤərʔ/ /*nˤərʔ-s/ /*nr[əj]/
English to stop to stop, obstruct near, close

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9428
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*nil/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Buddhist nun

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (Taishanese) a few; a little bit; some
    / [Taishanese]  ―  these ones
    認為台山話廣州話 [Taishanese, trad.]
    认为台山话广州话 [Taishanese, simp.]
    Some people think Taishanese is harder than Cantonese.
  2. (Taishanese) the; those
  3. (Taishanese) more; -er
    廣州話 [Taishanese, trad.]
    广州话 [Taishanese, simp.]
    Is Cantonese harder?

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of (“some, a few”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Hakka Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Wu Wenzhou 厘兒

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana あま, rōmaji ama)

  1. nun

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ni, i) (hangeul , , revised ni, i, McCune-Reischauer ni, i)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ni, này, , nơi, nầy, )

  1. place