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U+5C3B, 尻
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5C3B

[U+5C3A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5C3C]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 44, +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 尸大弓 (SKN), four-corner 77217, composition )

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 300, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7634
  • Dae Jaweon: page 595, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 965, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5C3B

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts

Pictogram (象形) in the oracle bone script – a person with the buttocks highlighted.

In the seal script, it developed into a phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *kʰuː) : semantic (body) + phonetic (OC *kuʔ).

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𫝲

𡰼
𡱧
𡱂

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • gou1 - vernacular (usually written );
  • kao1 - literary.
  • Cantonese
  • Hakka
  • Southern Min
  • Note:
    • kha - vernacular;
    • khau/kho - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (29)
    Final () (89)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Baxter khaw
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kʰɑu/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʰɑu/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kʰɑu/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kʰaw/
    Li
    Rong
    /kʰɑu/
    Wang
    Li
    /kʰɑu/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kʰɑu/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    kāo
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    hou1
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    kāo
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ khaw ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[k]ʰˁu/
    English rump

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 6935
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰuː/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (literary) end of spine; tailbone (coccyx) or sacrum
    2. (literary) buttocks; rump
    3. (obsolete) anus
    4. (dialectal Mandarin) to fuck
    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    simp. and trad.

    (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “From Min Nan 剾?”)

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. (Taiwanese Mandarin, colloquial) to masturbate; to jerk off
    Synonyms[edit]
    Descendants[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (Cantonese, vulgar) Alternative form of (gau1)

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. buttocks
    2. bottom; end
    3. Used in toponyms of Hokkaido.

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    しり
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi
    Alternative spellings
    (less common)
    (obsolete)
    (rare)

    From Old Japanese, in turn from Proto-Japonic *siri. Ultimate derivation unknown.

    The use as a suffixing element in surnames is of unclear derivation. Many of these surnames may derive from place names, in which case the "behind, the end" sense may be the origin. However, other surnames have no clear geographic derivation.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (しり) (shiri

    1. behind; the end
      (しり)()
      shiritori
      word chain
      (literally, “taking the end”)
    2. the rear portion of the body: bottom, buttocks
    3. the bottom or underside of an object
    Usage notes[edit]
    • Usually this is used with the polite prefix 御- (o-), as お尻 (oshiri).
    • When appearing in compounds as the latter element, this often takes rendaku (連濁) and voices to -jiri.
    Derived terms[edit]
    See also[edit]

    Suffix[edit]

    (しり) (-shiri

    1. suffix in certain surnames
      田尻沼尻沢尻 (Tashiri / Tajiri, Numashiri / Numajiri, Sawajiri)
    Usage notes[edit]
    • When appearing as a suffix, this often takes rendaku (連濁) and voices to -jiri.

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    しり
    Grade: S
    (ateji)
    kun’yomi

    From Ainu シㇼ (sir, place, island). The kanji spelling is an example of ateji.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Affix[edit]

    (しり) (shiri

    1. used in toponyms of Hokkaido

    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    いさらい
    Grade: S
    irregular

    wisarapi > wisaraɸi > wisarawi > isarai.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (いさらい) (isaraiゐさらひ (wisarafi)?

    1. (archaic, possibly obsolete) ass, butt

    Etymology 4[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    けつ
    Grade: S
    irregular
    For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
    けつ
    [noun] (informal) ass; arse; buttocks
    [noun] (informal) last or hindermost part
    [noun] (informal) gay sex, sex between two men
    Alternative spelling
    (This term, , is an alternative spelling (rare) of the above term.)

    References[edit]

    1. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006) 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ Kindaichi, Kyōsuke et al., editors (1997) 新明解国語辞典 [Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten] (in Japanese), Fifth edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (go) (hangeul , revised go, McCune–Reischauer ko)

    1. end of spine
    2. buttocks, sacrum

    Okinawan[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (ちび) (chibi

    1. butt

    Derived terms[edit]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: khào

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.