From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
U+5BA4, 室
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5BA4

[U+5BA3]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5BA5]

Translingual

[edit]
Stroke order
9 strokes

Han character

[edit]

(Kangxi radical 40, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 十一戈土 (JMIG), four-corner 30104, composition )

Derived characters

[edit]

See also

[edit]

References

[edit]
  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 285, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7136
  • Dae Jaweon: page 563, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 925, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5BA4

Chinese

[edit]
simp. and trad.

Glyph origin

[edit]
Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *hliɡ) : semantic (roof) + phonetic (OC *tjiɡs). But according to 說文 Shuowen it is a 會意 semantic assembly, as he says "至所止 arrive at a specific place". It can also be understood "a ⼧ roof over ⾄ this spot" (⾄ shows an arrow stuck into the ground).

Etymology

[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *k-li(s). Cognate to Tibetan གཞིས (gzhis) < གལྱི (glyi, ground, foundation, cause; residence, abode), ས་གཞི (sa gzhi, earth (opposite to sky)), གཞིས (gzhis, native place), ཡུལ་གཞིས (yul gzhis, house, estate, property), གཞིས་སྒྲིལ་བ (gzhis sgril ba, to move, to change one's abode). Also cognate to Proto-Tibeto-Burman *mliy, from which Burmese မြေ (mre, earth, soil) is derived.[1]

Pronunciation

[edit]

Note:
  • sek/siak - vernacular;
  • sit - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (26)
Final () (48)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter syit
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕiɪt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕit̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕjet̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕit̚/
Li
Rong
/ɕiĕt̚/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭĕt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi̯ĕt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shi
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
sat1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shì
Middle
Chinese
‹ syit ›
Old
Chinese
/*s.ti[t]/
English chamber; house

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17374
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hliɡ/

Definitions

[edit]

  1. room (in a building or house); chamber
      ―  liǎng shì yī tīng  ―  two rooms and one living room
    1. (specifically in addresses) apartment number; flat number
  2. (literary, or in compounds) family; household; clan
  3. (literary, or in compounds) family member; dependent
    1. (specifically, literary, or in compounds) wife
  4. (literary, or in compounds) organ (part of an organism) shaped like a chamber; body cavity; ventricle
  5. (literary, or in compounds) work unit; administrative unit
  6. (literary, or in compounds) court; dynasty
  7. (literary, or in compounds) home; house
  8. (literary, or in compounds) office
  9. (literary, or in compounds) coffin pit; grave
  10. (literary, or in compounds) scabbard; sheath
  11. (astronomy) Encampment (a Chinese constellation near Pegasus)

Synonyms

[edit]
  • (room):
  • (family):
  • (family member):
  • (coffin pit):
  • (scabbard): (qiào)

Compounds

[edit]

References

[edit]
  1. ^ Schuessler, Axel (2007) ABC Etymological Dictionary of Old Chinese[1], Honolulu: University of Hawaiʻi Press, page 466

Further reading

[edit]

Japanese

[edit]

Kanji

[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. room

Readings

[edit]

Compounds

[edit]

Etymology 1

[edit]
Kanji in this term
むろ
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

Pronunciation

[edit]

Noun

[edit]

(むろ) (muro

  1. cellar; storage chamber
Derived terms
[edit]

Etymology 2

[edit]
Kanji in this term
しつ
Grade: 2
kan’on

From Middle Chinese (MC syit).

Pronunciation

[edit]

Noun

[edit]

(しつ) (shitsu

  1. room

References

[edit]
  1. 1.0 1.1 Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tokyo: NHK Publishing, Inc., →ISBN

Korean

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC syit).

Historical readings

Pronunciation

[edit]

Hanja

[edit]
Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun (jip sil))

  1. Hanja form? of (room).

Compounds

[edit]

References

[edit]
  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [3]

Vietnamese

[edit]

Han character

[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: thất

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.