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U+5BA4, 室
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5BA4

[U+5BA3]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5BA5]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
9 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 40, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 十一戈土 (JMIG), four-corner 30104, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 285, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7136
  • Dae Jaweon: page 563, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 925, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5BA4

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
室-oracle.svg 室-bronze.svg 室-seal.svg 室-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *hliɡ): semantic (roof) + phonetic (OC *tjiɡs).

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *k-li(s). Cognate to Tibetan གཞིས (gzhis) < གལྱི (glyi, ground, foundation, cause; residence, abode), ས་གཞི (sa gzhi, earth (opposite to sky)), གཞིས (gzhis, native place), ཡུལ་གཞིས (yul gzhis, house, estate, property), གཞིས་སྒྲིལ་བ (gzhis sgril ba, to move, to change one's abode). Also cognate to Proto-Tibeto-Burman *mliy, from which Burmese မြေ (mre, earth, soil) is derived.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • sek/siak - vernacular;
  • sit - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (26)
    Final () (48)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɕiɪt̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɕit̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɕjet̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɕit̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɕiĕt̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɕĭĕt̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɕi̯ĕt̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shi
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    sat1
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    shì
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ syit ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*s.ti[t]/
    English chamber; house

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 17374
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*hliɡ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (literary, or in compounds) room (in a building or house); chamber
      1. (specifically in addresses) apartment number; flat number
    2. (literary, or in compounds) family; household; clan
    3. (literary, or in compounds) family member; dependent
      1. (specifically, literary, or in compounds) wife
    4. (literary, or in compounds) organ (part of an organism) shaped like a chamber; body cavity; ventricle
    5. (literary, or in compounds) work unit; administrative unit
    6. (literary, or in compounds) court; dynasty
    7. (literary, or in compounds) home; house
    8. (literary, or in compounds) office
    9. (literary, or in compounds) coffin pit; grave
    10. (literary, or in compounds) scabbard; sheath
    11. (astronomy) Encampment (a Chinese constellation near Pegasus)

    Synonyms[edit]

    • (room):
    edit
    • (family):
    edit
    • (family member):
    edit
    • (coffin pit):
    edit
    • (scabbard): (qiào)

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. room

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Kanji in this term
    しつ
    Grade: 2
    on’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (しつ) (shitsu

    1. room

    References[edit]

    1. ^ Schuessler, Axel (2007) ABC Etymological Dictionary of Old Chinese[1], Honolulu: University of Hawaiʻi Press, page 466
    2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC ɕiɪt̚).

    Historical readings

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun (jip sil))

    1. Hanja form? of (room).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: thất

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.