親戚

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: 亲戚

Chinese[edit]

 
dear; intimate; parent
dear; intimate; parent; relation; closely related; parents-in-law of one's offspring
 
get close to; relative; sorrow
get close to; relative; sorrow; battle-axe
trad. (親戚)
simp. (亲戚)
alternative forms 親慼亲戚

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: qīnqin - assimilation in the rhyme of .
Note: qing1 qing1-3 - assimilation in the rhyme of .

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2 1/1
Initial () (14) (14) (14)
Final () (43) (43) (127)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () III III IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰiɪn/ /t͡sʰiɪnH/ /t͡sʰek̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰin/ /t͡sʰinH/ /t͡sʰek̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰjen/ /t͡sʰjenH/ /t͡sʰɛk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰin/ /t͡sʰinH/ /t͡sʰɛjk̚/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰiĕn/ /t͡sʰiĕnH/ /t͡sʰek̚/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰĭĕn/ /t͡sʰĭĕnH/ /t͡sʰiek̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰi̯ĕn/ /t͡sʰi̯ĕnH/ /t͡sʰiek̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qīn qìn qi
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
can1 can3 cik1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/4 2/4 3/4 4/4
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qīn
Middle
Chinese
‹ tshin › ‹ tshek › ‹ tshek › ‹ tshek › ‹ tshek ›
Old
Chinese
/*[tsʰ]i[n]/ /*s.tʰˁiwk/ /*s.tʰˁiwk/ /*s.tʰˁiwk/ /*s.tʰˁiwk/
English close; parents (in "toad") relatives kind of battle axe worried; sad; depressed

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2 1/1
No. 13804 13806 11729
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰin/ /*sʰins/ /*sʰlɯːwɢ/
Notes

Noun[edit]

親戚

  1. relative; family relation
    我們邀請所有親戚參加婚禮 [MSC, trad.]
    我们邀请所有亲戚参加婚礼 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒmen yāoqǐng le suǒyǒu de qīnqī lái cānjiā hūnlǐ. [Pinyin]
    We invited all our relatives to the wedding.
  2. (Classical Chinese) immediate family (one's mother, father and siblings)

Synonyms[edit]

  • (relative):
edit

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (親戚):
  • Japanese: 親戚(しんせき) (shinseki)
  • Korean: 친척 (親戚, chincheok)
  • Vietnamese: thân thích (親戚)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
しん
Grade: 2
せき
Grade: S
on’yomi

Noun[edit]

(しん)(せき) (shinseki

  1. relative
    いやな親戚(しんせき)()る。
    Iya na shinseki ga kuru.
    Noisome relatives are coming.

See also[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

親戚 (chincheok) (hangeul 친척)

  1. Hanja form? of 친척 (kinsmen).

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Noun[edit]

親戚

  1. Hán tự form of thân thích (relatives).