home; family; ‑ist; ‑er; ‑ian; measure word for stores and schools
race; nationality; ethnicity; clan
|simp. and trad.
- Cantonese (Jyutping): gaa1 zuk6
- Hakka (Sixian, PFS): kâ-chhu̍k
- Min Dong (BUC): gă-cŭk
- Min Nan (POJ): ka-cho̍k / kee-cho̍k
- Wu (Wiktionary): jia zoq (T1)
- Min Dong
- Min Nan
- (Hokkien: Xiamen, Quanzhou, mainstream Taiwanese)
- (Hokkien: Zhangzhou)
Middle Chinese: /kˠa d͡zuk̚/
|Kanji in this term|
- a family; a household
2015 July 27, Ekström, Åsa, “第１話 ようこそ、ここへ [Chapter 1: welcome]”, in さよならセプテンバー [Goodbye September], volume 1 (fiction, in Japanese), Tokyo: Creek & River:
- Bokura wa shiawase na kazoku ni naru yo zettai!
- We’ll definitely make a happy family!
家族 refers to one’s own family, particularly immediate family – parents, children, and siblings. To refer to another’s family, one uses the honorific form ご家族 (go-kazoku, “another’s family”, honorific). To refer to one’s relatives generally, one uses 親戚 (shinseki, “relative”), which includes even distant relatives. For close relatives – say, aunts, uncles, and close cousins – one may use 近親 (kinshin, “close relative”). For close people, not necessarily family, one may use 身内 (miuchi, “close family, close friends”).
|Hanja in this term|
|Hán tự in this word|