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From Middle English houshold, equivalent to house +‎ hold. Cognate with Scots houshald, housald, housell, howsell (household), Dutch huishouden (household), German Haushalt (household), Swedish hushåll (household, family), Norwegian husholdning (household).


  • (UK): IPA(key): /ˈhaʊshəʊld/
  • (US): enPR: housʹhōld, IPA(key): /ˈhaʊshoʊld/
  • (file)


household (plural households)

  1. Collectively, all the persons who live in a given house; a family including attendants, servants etc.; a domestic or family establishment.
    • 1994, Nelson Mandela, Long Walk to Freedom, Abacus 2010, p. 5:
      Although I was a member of the royal household, I was not among the privileged few who were trained for rule.
    • (Can we date this quote by Jonathan Swift and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      And calls, without affecting airs, / His household twice a day to prayers.
  2. (obsolete) A line of ancestry; a race or house.


The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.


household (not comparable)

  1. Belonging to the same house and family.
  2. Found in or having its origin in a home.
  3. Widely known to the public; familiar.
    a household word; a household name

Derived terms[edit]