hird

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See also: Hird and hirð

English

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English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology

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Borrowed from Norwegian hird, from Old Norse hirð, a borrowing from Old English hīred, hēored (family, household), from Proto-West Germanic *hīwarād (relationship; family), equivalent to hewe +‎ rede. Cognate with German Heirat (wedding).

Noun

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hird (plural hirds)

  1. (historical) In Norwegian history, an informal retinue of personal armed companions, hirdmen or housecarls.
  2. (by extension) the formal royal court household.

Derived terms

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Anagrams

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Middle English

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Etymology 1

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From Old English hīred, hēored (family, household), from Proto-West Germanic *hīwarād, equivalent to hewe (servant) +‎ red (counsel).

Alternative forms

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Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /hiːrd/, /heːrd/
  • (chiefly early) IPA(key): /ˈhiːrɛd/

Noun

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hird (uncountable) (poetic)

  1. A household; a court.
  2. A company or band of people:
    1. One's attendants; a retinue.
    2. An army; a troop.
  3. (rare) One's offspring or progeny.
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References
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Etymology 2

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Noun

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hird

  1. Alternative form of herde (herd)

Etymology 3

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Noun

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hird

  1. Alternative form of herde (herder)

Norwegian Bokmål

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Etymology

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From Danish hird, from Old Norse hirð, a borrowing from Old English hīred, from Proto-West Germanic *hīwarād.

Pronunciation

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This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Noun

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hird (definite singular, indefinite plural, definite plural)

  1. An informal retinue of personal armed companions.
  2. (by extension) the formal royal court household.
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Descendants

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  • English: hird

Norwegian Nynorsk

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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Learned borrowing from Old Norse hirð in the 19th century. The Old Norse word itself is borrowed from Old English hīred, from Proto-West Germanic *hīwarād.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /hird/, (expected but unattested) /hɪːr/
  • Rhymes: -ird
  • Note: As the name is revived through writing, the expected pronunciation without /d/ is unattested.

Noun

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hird f (definite singular hirda)

  1. (historical) bodyguard for chieftain or king
  2. By extension, the formal royal court household.
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Descendants

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Swedish

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Etymology

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From Old Swedish hirþ (bodyguard), from Old Norse hirð, a borrowing from Old English hīred, from Proto-West Germanic *hīwarād (relationship; family). Related to German Heirat (wedding) and English hired. See also Icelandic hirð.

Noun

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hird c

  1. (historical) bodyguard for chieftain or king

Declension

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Declension of hird 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative hird hirden hirder hirderna
Genitive hirds hirdens hirders hirdernas

Derived terms

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References

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