court

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See also: Court

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Old French cort, curt, from Latin cortem (accusative of cors), ultimately from cohors. Doublet of cohort.

A court (def. 4.2) assembled to hear the testimony of Charles Lindbergh. The room is also a court (def. 4.1).
Professional tennis players playing on a tennis court (def. 5) in New Delhi, India

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

court (plural courts)

  1. An enclosed space; a courtyard; an uncovered area shut in by the walls of a building, or by different buildings; also, a space opening from a street and nearly surrounded by houses; a blind alley.
    The girls were playing in the court.
    1. (US, Australia) A street with no outlet, a cul-de-sac.
  2. (social) Royal society.
    1. The residence of a sovereign, prince, nobleman, or other dignitary; a palace.
      The noblemen visited the queen in her court.
    2. The collective body of persons composing the retinue of a sovereign or person high in authority; all the surroundings of a sovereign in his regal state.
      The queen and her court traveled to the city to welcome back the soldiers.
    3. Any formal assembling of the retinue of a sovereign.
  3. Attention directed to a person in power; conduct or address designed to gain favor; courtliness of manners; civility; compliment; flattery.
    • (Can we date this quote by Edmund Spenser and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      No solace could her paramour entreat / Her once to show, ne court, nor dalliance.
    • (Can we date this quote by John Evelyn and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      I went to make my court to the Duke and Duchess of Newcastle.
  4. (law) The administration of law.
    1. The hall, chamber, or place, where justice is administered.
      Many famous criminals have been put on trial in this court.
    2. The persons officially assembled under authority of law, at the appropriate time and place, for the administration of justice; an official assembly, legally met together for the transaction of judicial business; a judge or judges sitting for the hearing or trial of cases.
      The court started proceedings at 11 o'clock.
      • 2012 August 21, Pilkington, Ed, “Death penalty on trial: should Reggie Clemons live or die?”, in The Guardian:
        Next month, Clemons will be brought before a court presided over by a "special master", who will review the case one last time. The hearing will be unprecedented in its remit, but at its core will be a simple issue: should Reggie Clemons live or die?
      • 2020 March 1 (last accessed) “Criminal Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-46)”, in Justice Canada[1]:
        536(2.1). ... You have the option to elect to be tried by a provincial court judge without a jury; or you may elect to be tried by a judge without a jury; or you may elect to be tried by a court composed of a judge and jury.
    3. (often capitalized) The judge or judges or other judicial officer presiding in a particular matter, particularly as distinguished from the counsel or jury, or both.
      • 2017 May 5, Kevin R. Aalto, J., “Gordon v. Canada, 2017 FC 454”, in CanLII[2], retrieved 23 February 2020:
        A case conference in person was convened.... To emphasize that it was a Court proceeding the Court was gowned.
      • 2018 August 17, M.F. McParland, J., “R. v. Carlson, 2018 BCPC 209”, in CanLII[3], retrieved 1 March 2020:
        [5]... defence alleges there is a reasonable apprehension of bias based on the cumulative effect of several issues including the following: (1) The Court was “crying” during the victim impact statement; (2) The Court laughed or “scoffed” when defence stated its sentencing position; ...(6) The Court’s tone, facial expression and demeanor throughout the proceedings...
    4. The session of a judicial assembly.
      The court is now in session.
    5. Any jurisdiction, civil, military, or ecclesiastical.
  5. (sports) A place arranged for playing the games of tennis, basketball, squash, badminton, volleyball and some other games; also, one of the divisions of a tennis court.
    The local sports club has six tennis courts and two squash courts.
    The shuttlecock landed outside the court.
    • 1935, George Goodchild, chapter 5, in Death on the Centre Court:
      By one o'clock the place was choc-a-bloc. […] The restaurant was packed, and the promenade between the two main courts and the subsidiary courts was thronged with healthy-looking youngish people, drawn to the Mecca of tennis from all parts of the country.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Russian: корт (kort) (see there for further descendants)

Translations[edit]

A man courting a woman by giving her flowers, in a 14th century work

Verb[edit]

court (third-person singular simple present courts, present participle courting, simple past and past participle courted)

  1. (transitive) To seek to achieve or win.
    He was courting big new accounts that previous salesman had not attempted.
  2. (transitive) To risk (a consequence, usually negative).
    He courted controversy with his frank speeches.
  3. (transitive) To try to win a commitment to marry from.
  4. (transitive) To engage in behavior leading to mating.
    The bird was courting by making an elaborate dance.
  5. (transitive) To attempt to attract.
    • 1849, Macaulay, Thomas Babington, chapter 24, in The History of England: From the Accession of James II, volume 5:
      By one person, however, Portland was still assiduously courted, and that person was the king.
  6. (transitive) To attempt to gain alliance with.
  7. (intransitive) To engage in activities intended to win someone's affections.
    Synonyms: romance, solicit; see also Thesaurus:woo
    She's had a few beaus come courting.
  8. (intransitive) To engage in courtship behavior.
    In this season, you can see many animals courting.
  9. (transitive) To invite by attractions; to allure; to attract.
    Synonyms: charm, entrance; see also Thesaurus:allure
    • a. 1835, Lord Tennyson, Alfred, The Gardener's Daughter:
      [] a well-worn pathway courted us / To one green wicket in a privet hedge []

Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old French curt, from Latin curtus, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *(s)ker-.

Adjective[edit]

court (feminine singular courte, masculine plural courts, feminine plural courtes)

  1. short

Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb[edit]

court

  1. third-person singular present indicative of courir

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowed from English court.

Noun[edit]

court m (plural courts)

  1. (tennis) court

Further reading[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Old French cort, curt.

Noun[edit]

court (plural courts)

  1. court (place, building)

Descendants[edit]


Middle French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French cort, curt, etc.

Noun[edit]

court f (plural cours)

  1. court (of law)
  2. court (of a palace, etc.)
    • 1488, Jean Dupré, Lancelot du Lac:
      quant il les eut faictes si les scella & les bailla a la damoiselle pour porter l'andemain a court
      when he had written them [the letters] he then sealed them and entrusted them to the lady to take them tomorrow to the court

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Godefroy, Frédéric, Dictionnaire de l'ancienne langue française et de tous ses dialectes du IXe au XVe siècle (1881) (court, supplement)

Norman[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French curt, from Latin curtus (shortened, short).

Adjective[edit]

court m

  1. (Jersey) short

Derived terms[edit]


Walloon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French curt, from Latin curtus.

Adjective[edit]

court m (feminine singular courte, masculine plural courts, feminine plural courtes)

  1. short