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Compound of co- (see cum) and -hors (see hortus)



cohors f (genitive cohortis); third declension

  1. a court
  2. a farmyard or enclosure
  3. a retinue
  4. a circle or crowd
  5. a cohort; tenth part of a legion
  6. a band or armed force
  7. a ship's crew
  8. a bodyguard
  9. a military unit of 500 men


Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative cohors cohortēs
genitive cohortis cohortum
dative cohortī cohortibus
accusative cohortem cohortēs
ablative cohorte cohortibus
vocative cohors cohortēs

Alternative forms[edit]



  • cohors in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • cohors in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “cohors”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • cohors” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the cohort on guard-duty: cohors, quae in statione est
  • cohors in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • cohors in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin