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| Cardinal: ten|
Latinate ordinal: denary
Adverbial: ten times
Latinate multiplier: decuple
Multiuse collective: decuplet
Greek or Latinate collective: decad, decade
Metric collective prefix: deca-
Greek collective prefix: deca-
Latinate collective prefix: deca-
Metric fractional prefix: deci-
Greek prefix: decato-
Number of musicians: decet
Number of years: decade, decennium
From Middle English tenth, tenthe. Old English had tēoþa (origin of Modern English tithe), but the force of analogy to the cardinal number "ten" caused Middle English speakers to recreate the regular ordinal and re-insert the nasal consonant. Ultimately from Proto-Germanic *tehundô. Equivalent to ten (numeral) + -th (suffix forming ordinals).
- (UK, US) enPR: tĕnth, IPA(key): /tɛnθ/, [tʰɛn̪θ]
Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: -ɛnθ, (pin-pen merger) -ɪnθ
tenth (not comparable)
- The ordinal numeral form of ; next in order after that which is ninth.
- 1859, Charles Dickens, “The Substance of the Shadow”, in A Tale of Two Cities, London: Chapman and Hall, […], →OCLC, book III (The Track of a Storm), page 214:
- These words are formed by the rusty iron point with which I write with difficulty in scrapings of soot and charcoal from the chimney, mixed with blood, in the last month of the tenth year of my captivity.
- Being one of ten equal parts of a whole.
tenth (plural tenths)
- The person or thing coming next after the ninth in a series; that which is in the tenth position.
- One of ten equal parts of a whole.
- 2013 August 3, “Boundary problems”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8847:
- Economics is a messy discipline: too fluid to be a science, too rigorous to be an art. Perhaps it is fitting that economists’ most-used metric, gross domestic product (GDP), is a tangle too. GDP measures the total value of output in an economic territory. Its apparent simplicity explains why it is scrutinised down to tenths of a percentage point every month.
- (music) The interval between any tone and the tone represented on the tenth degree of the staff above it, as between one of the scale and three of the octave above; the octave of the third.
- (UK, law, historical, in the plural) A temporary aid issuing out of personal property, and granted to the king by Parliament; formerly, the real tenth part of all the movables belonging to the subject.
- (one of ten parts): decim, decima, decimate, tithe, titheling, tithing (all obs.)
- (musical interval or note): decima (obs.)
- To divide by ten, into tenths.
- 1832, The Practical Measurer, Containing the Uses of Logarithms, and Gunter's Scale:
- A regular cistern may be inched or tenthed by the rule given for inching or tenthing the back, copper, or cooler, which inching or tenthing should be entered in a table book for use.
- Alternative form of
- Alternative form of