ten

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Ten, TEN, tén, tèn, tên, and -ten

Contents

English[edit]

English numbers (edit)
100
 ←  9 10 11  → 
1
    Cardinal: ten
    Ordinal: tenth
    Multiplier: tenfold
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Etymology[edit]

Ten circles

From Middle English ten, tene, from Old English tīen, from Proto-Germanic *tehun, from Proto-Indo-European *déḱm̥. Cognate with Scots ten, tene (ten), West Frisian tsien (ten), Saterland Frisian tjoon (ten), North Frisian tiin (ten), Dutch tien (ten), German zehn (ten), Norwegian ti (ten), Swedish tio (ten).

Non-Germanic cognates include Albanian dhjetë, Old Armenian տասն (tasn), Lithuanian dešimt, Old Church Slavonic десѧть (desętĭ), Old Breton dec, Old Irish deich, Ancient Greek δέκα (déka), Sanskrit दश (dásá), Old Persian *𐎭𐎰 (daθa), Latin decem, Tocharian A śäk.

See also teen.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

ten

  1. (cardinal) The number occurring after nine and before eleven, represented in Arabic numerals (base ten) as 10, in binary (base two) as 1010, in hexadecimal (base sixteen) as A, and in Roman numerals as X.

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

ten (countable and uncountable, plural tens)

  1. (uncountable) The number following nine.
  2. (countable, card games) A card in a given suit with a value of ten.
  3. (countable) A denomination of currency with a value of ten units.
  4. (countable, US, slang) A perfect specimen, (particularly) a physically attractive person.
  5. (countable, US, slang) A high level of intensity

Synonyms[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

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See also[edit]


Playing cards in English · playing cards (layout · text)
40 Asso di picche.jpg 41 Due di picche.jpg 42 Tre di picche.jpg 43 Quattro di picche.jpg 44 Cinque di picche.jpg 45 Sei di picche.jpg 46 Sette di picche.jpg
ace deuce, two three four five six seven
47 Otto di picche.jpg 48 Nove di picche.jpg 49 Dieci di picche.jpg 50 J di picche.jpg 51 Q di picche.jpg 52 K di picche.jpg Jolly Nero.jpg
eight nine ten jack, knave queen king joker

Anagrams[edit]


Cornish[edit]

Noun[edit]

ten

  1. Hard mutation of den.
  2. Mixed mutation of den.

Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *tъ, from Proto-Indo-European *só

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ten m (demonstrative nominative singular masculine animate)

  1. the; this; that

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • ten in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • ten in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A contraction of te + den.

Pronunciation[edit]

Contraction[edit]

ten

  1. to the, at the (followed by a masculine or neuter word)
    ten goede of ten kwadefor better or for worse
    ten delepartly
    ten tijde vanduring the time of

Usage notes[edit]

ten is part of many fossilized idiomatic expressions. Being derived in part from te, it is followed by the (similarly fossilized) dative case.
ten is commonly used in Dutch family names such as Corrie ten Boom, Bernhard ten Brink, Marti ten Kate, and Simeon ten Holt.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Galician[edit]

Verb[edit]

ten

  1. third-person singular present indicative of ter
  2. second-person singular imperative of ter

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

  • Romanization of

ten

  1. Rōmaji transcription of てん
  2. Rōmaji transcription of テン

Lithuanian[edit]

Adverb[edit]

ten

  1. there

Lower Sorbian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Determiner[edit]

ten (feminine ta, neuter to, dual tej, plural te)

  1. this

Declension[edit]


Middle Dutch[edit]

Contraction[edit]

ten

  1. Contraction of te den.

Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old English tīen, in turn from Proto-Germanic *tehun.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

cardinal number
10 Previous: nyne
Next: elleven

ten

  1. ten
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse tennr, nominative indefinite plural of tǫnn (tooth).

Noun[edit]

ten

  1. plural of tothe

Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Numeral[edit]

tēn

  1. (Mercian) (cardinal) ten

References[edit]

  1. A. L. Mayhew, M. A. Synopsis of Old English Phonology, 123

Pipil[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Nahuan *teːn-. Compare Classical Nahuatl tēntli (lips).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

-tēn (plural -tejtēn)

  1. mouth
    Muchi tikishtukak tik muten kwak tishulutzin katka
    You used to put everything in your mouth when you were a little baby
  2. edge, brim
    Shiktema ishta ma ne at ajsi ne iten ne tzutzukul
    Fill it up until the water reaches the edge of the jug
  3. opening
    Inat ka ini tepet kishtia pukti tik iten
    They say this volcano expels smoke form its “opening” (its crater)

Derived terms[edit]

Relational[edit]

-tēn

  1. on the edge, outside
    Tejchishket ka iten ne shaput
    They waited outside the cave

Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *tъ, from Proto-Indo-European *só

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ten m

  1. (demonstrative) this (nearby)

Declension[edit]

Note: In the accusative singular, the form tego is used for masculine personal and animate nouns, while ten is used for masculine inanimate nouns.

Further reading[edit]

  • ten in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *tъ, from Proto-Indo-European *só

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ten m

  1. (demonstrative) this (nearby)

Further reading[edit]

  • ten in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ten

  1. Informal second-person singular () affirmative imperative form of tener.

Sranan Tongo[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English time.

Noun[edit]

ten

  1. time

Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

ten c

  1. a rod, a stick (of metal or wood)

Declension[edit]

Declension of ten 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative ten tenen tenar tenarna
Genitive tens tenens tenars tenarnas

See also[edit]


Tiang[edit]

Noun[edit]

ten

  1. woman

Further reading[edit]

  • Malcolm Ross, Proto Oceanic and the Austronesian Languages of Western Melanesia, Pacific Linguistics, series C-98 (1988)

Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English ten.

Numeral[edit]

ten

  1. ten

Usage notes[edit]

Used when counting; see also tenpela.


Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Persian تن (tan).

Noun[edit]

ten (definite accusative teni, plural tenler)

  1. skin
  2. body
  3. (dialectal) vulva of a cow

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative ten
Definite accusative teni
Singular Plural
Nominative ten tenler
Definite accusative teni tenleri
Dative tene tenlere
Locative tende tenlerde
Ablative tenden tenlerden
Genitive tenin tenlerin
Possessive forms
Singular Plural
1st singular tenim tenlerim
2nd singular tenin tenlerin
3rd singular teni tenleri
1st plural tenimiz tenlerimiz
2nd plural teniniz tenleriniz
3rd plural tenleri tenleri

References[edit]

  • ten”, in Türkiye'de halk ağzından derleme sözlüğü [Compilation Dictionary of Popular Speech in Turkey] (in Turkish), Ankara: Türk Dil Kurumu, 1963–1982

Westrobothnian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse tin, from Proto-Germanic *tiną.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ten n

  1. tin (chemical element)
    joʈ båʈi teɳęɳ
    made out of tin