ten

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Ten, TEN, tén, tèn, tên, and -ten

English[edit]

English numbers (edit)
100
 ←  9 10 11  → 
1
    Cardinal: ten
    Ordinal: tenth, decato-
    Latinate ordinal: decimary
    Multiplier: decuple, tenfold
    Collective: decad, decade, tensome
    Fractional: tenth
    Number of musicians: decet
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Etymology[edit]

Ten circles

From Middle English ten, tene, from Old English tīen, from Proto-West Germanic *tehun, from Proto-Germanic *tehun, from Proto-Indo-European *déḱm̥.

Cognate with Scots ten, tene (ten), West Frisian tsien (ten), Saterland Frisian tjoon (ten), North Frisian tiin (ten), Dutch tien (ten), German zehn (ten), Norwegian ti (ten), Swedish tio (ten).

Non-Germanic cognates include Albanian dhjetë, Old Armenian տասն (tasn), Lithuanian dešimt, Old Church Slavonic десѧть (desętĭ), Old Breton dec, Old Irish deich, Ancient Greek δέκα (déka), Sanskrit दश (dásá), Old Persian *𐎭𐎰 (*d-θ /daθa/), Latin decem, Tocharian A śäk.

See also teen.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

ten

  1. The number occurring after nine and before eleven, represented in Arabic numerals (base ten) as 10 and in Roman numerals as X.

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See ten/translations § Numeral.

Noun[edit]

ten (countable and uncountable, plural tens)

  1. A set or group with ten elements.
    We divided the chocolates into tens to hand out to Hallowe'en visitors.
  2. (in the plural) An inexact quantity, typically understood to be between 20 and 100.
    Our houses are tens of meters apart, so we don't have to worry about noise from our neighbours.
    tens of thousands of voters
  3. (countable, card games) A card in a given suit with a value of ten.
  4. (countable) A denomination of currency, such as a banknote, with a value of ten units. See also tenner.
    Can you give me two tens for this twenty?
  5. (countable, US, slang) A perfect specimen, (particularly) a physically attractive person.
  6. (countable, US, slang) A high level of intensity. (Can we add an example for this sense?)
  7. (countable, rowing) The act of rowing ten strokes flat out.
    • 1911, The Cambridge Review (volume 32, page 486)
      At the 1,000-metres post we gave a ten, which raised our lead to 1⅔ lengths; the Belgians were rowing hard, but one felt that they still had plenty of spurting power.
    • 1982, Stanley French, Aspects of Downing history (page 105)
      Morris gave a ten, and an unbelievable surge ran through the boat, one that I had never felt before.

Synonyms[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Terms derived from the numeral or noun ten

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

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See also[edit]


Playing cards in English · playing cards (layout · text)
40 Asso di picche.jpg 41 Due di picche.jpg 42 Tre di picche.jpg 43 Quattro di picche.jpg 44 Cinque di picche.jpg 45 Sei di picche.jpg 46 Sette di picche.jpg
ace deuce, two three four five six seven
47 Otto di picche.jpg 48 Nove di picche.jpg 49 Dieci di picche.jpg 50 J di picche.jpg 51 Q di picche.jpg 52 K di picche.jpg Jolly Nero.jpg
eight nine ten jack, knave queen king joker, jolly joker

Anagrams[edit]


Atong (India)[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English ten.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

ten (Bengali script তেন)

  1. ten

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]


Bislama[edit]

Bislama cardinal numbers
 <  9 10 11  > 
    Cardinal : ten

Etymology[edit]

From English ten.

Numeral[edit]

ten

  1. ten

Cornish[edit]

Noun[edit]

ten

  1. Hard mutation of den.
  2. Mixed mutation of den.

Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *tъ, from Proto-Indo-European *só

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ten m (demonstrative nominative singular masculine animate)

  1. the; this; that

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • ten in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • ten in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A contraction of te + den.

Pronunciation[edit]

Contraction[edit]

ten

  1. to the, at the (followed by a masculine or neuter word)
    ten goede of ten kwadefor better or for worse
    ten delepartly
    ten tijde vanduring the time of

Usage notes[edit]

ten is part of many fossilized idiomatic expressions. Being derived in part from te, it is followed by the (similarly fossilized) dative case.
ten is commonly used in Dutch family names such as Corrie ten Boom, Bernhard ten Brink, Marti ten Kate, and Simeon ten Holt.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Galician[edit]

Verb[edit]

ten

  1. third-person singular present indicative of ter
  2. second-person singular imperative of ter

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

  • Romanization of

ten

  1. Rōmaji transcription of てん
  2. Rōmaji transcription of テン

Kabuverdianu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Portuguese ter.

Verb[edit]

ten

  1. to have
  2. to possess

Lithuanian[edit]

Adverb[edit]

ten

  1. there

Lower Sorbian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Determiner[edit]

ten (feminine ta, neuter to, dual tej, plural te)

  1. this

Declension[edit]


Middle Dutch[edit]

Contraction[edit]

ten

  1. Contraction of te den.

Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old English tīen

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

Middle English numbers (edit)
100
 ←  9 10 11  → 
1
    Cardinal: ten

ten

  1. ten
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • English: ten
  • Scots: ten
  • Yola: dhen

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse tennr, nominative indefinite plural of tǫnn (tooth).

Noun[edit]

ten

  1. plural of tothe

Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

See tien

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

tēn

  1. (Mercian) ten

References[edit]

  1. A. L. Mayhew, M. A. Synopsis of Old English Phonology, 123

Pipil[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Nahuan *teːn-, from Proto-Uto-Aztecan *tïni. Compare Classical Nahuatl tēntli (lips).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

-tēn (plural -tejtēn)

  1. mouth
    Muchi tikishtukak tik muten kwak tishulutzin katka
    You used to put everything in your mouth when you were a little baby
  2. edge, brim
    Shiktema ishta ma ne at ajsi ne iten ne tzutzukul
    Fill it up until the water reaches the edge of the jug
  3. opening
    Inat ka ini tepet kishtia pukti tik iten
    They say this volcano expels smoke form its “opening” (its crater)

Derived terms[edit]

Relational[edit]

-tēn

  1. on the edge, outside
    Tejchishket ka iten ne shaput
    They waited outside the cave

Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *tъ, from Proto-Indo-European *só

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ten m

  1. this (nearby)

Declension[edit]

Note: In the accusative singular, the form tego is used for masculine personal and animate nouns, while ten is used for masculine inanimate nouns. The feminine accusative form is only acceptable in colloquial speech, not in formal writing.

Further reading[edit]

  • ten in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French teint.

Noun[edit]

ten n (plural tenuri)

  1. color of the face

Declension[edit]


Scots[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English ten

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

cardinal number
10 Previous: nine
Next: eleiven

ten

  1. ten

References[edit]


Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *tъ, from Proto-Indo-European *só

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ten m

  1. (demonstrative) this (nearby)

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • ten in Slovak dictionaries at slovnik.juls.savba.sk

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ten

  1. Informal second-person singular () affirmative imperative form of tener.

Sranan Tongo[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English time.

Noun[edit]

ten

  1. time

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Swedish ten, from Old Norse teinn (sprout, twig, branch).

Noun[edit]

ten c

  1. a rod, a stick (of metal or wood)

Declension[edit]

Declension of ten 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative ten tenen tenar tenarna
Genitive tens tenens tenars tenarnas

See also[edit]


Tiang[edit]

Noun[edit]

ten

  1. woman

Further reading[edit]

  • Malcolm Ross, Proto Oceanic and the Austronesian Languages of Western Melanesia, Pacific Linguistics, series C-98 (1988)

Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English ten.

Numeral[edit]

ten

  1. ten

Usage notes[edit]

Used when counting; see also tenpela.


Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Persian تن(tan).

Noun[edit]

ten (definite accusative teni, plural tenler)

  1. skin
  2. body
  3. (dialectal) vulva of a cow

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative ten
Definite accusative teni
Singular Plural
Nominative ten tenler
Definite accusative teni tenleri
Dative tene tenlere
Locative tende tenlerde
Ablative tenden tenlerden
Genitive tenin tenlerin
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular tenim tenlerim
2nd singular tenin tenlerin
3rd singular teni tenleri
1st plural tenimiz tenlerimiz
2nd plural teniniz tenleriniz
3rd plural tenleri tenleri
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular tenimi tenlerimi
2nd singular tenini tenlerini
3rd singular tenini tenlerini
1st plural tenimizi tenlerimizi
2nd plural teninizi tenlerinizi
3rd plural tenlerini tenlerini
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular tenime tenlerime
2nd singular tenine tenlerine
3rd singular tenine tenlerine
1st plural tenimize tenlerimize
2nd plural teninize tenlerinize
3rd plural tenlerine tenlerine
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular tenimde tenlerimde
2nd singular teninde tenlerinde
3rd singular teninde tenlerinde
1st plural tenimizde tenlerimizde
2nd plural teninizde tenlerinizde
3rd plural tenlerinde tenlerinde
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular tenimden tenlerimden
2nd singular teninden tenlerinden
3rd singular teninden tenlerinden
1st plural tenimizden tenlerimizden
2nd plural teninizden tenlerinizden
3rd plural tenlerinden tenlerinden
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular tenimin tenlerimin
2nd singular teninin tenlerinin
3rd singular teninin tenlerinin
1st plural tenimizin tenlerimizin
2nd plural teninizin tenlerinizin
3rd plural tenlerinin tenlerinin

References[edit]

  • ten”, in Türkiye'de halk ağzından derleme sözlüğü [Compilation Dictionary of Popular Speech in Turkey] (in Turkish), Ankara: Türk Dil Kurumu, 1963–1982

Westrobothnian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse tin, from Proto-Germanic *tiną.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ten n

  1. tin (chemical element)
    joʈ båʈi teɳęɳ
    made out of tin