leven

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See also: lévén, lęven, and Leven

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

See levin.

Noun[edit]

leven

  1. (obsolete) lightning
    • Chaucer
      Wild thunder dint and fiery leven.

Etymology 2[edit]

See leaven

Verb[edit]

leven (third-person singular simple present levens, present participle levening, simple past and past participle levened)

  1. (obsolete) Alternative form of leaven

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch leven, from Old Dutch *libben, *livon, from Proto-Germanic *libjaną.

Verb[edit]

leven

  1. (intransitive) to live
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of leven (weak)
infinitive leven
past singular leefde
past participle geleefd
infinitive leven
gerund leven n
verbal noun
present tense past tense
1st person singular leef leefde
2nd person sing. (jij) leeft leefde
2nd person sing. (u) leeft leefde
2nd person sing. (gij) leeft leefde
3rd person singular leeft leefde
plural leven leefden
subjunctive sing.1 leve leefde
subjunctive plur.1 leven leefden
imperative sing. leef
imperative plur.1 leeft
participles levend geleefd
1) Archaic.
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Dutch leven. Gerund of the verb leven.

Noun[edit]

leven n (plural levens, diminutive leventje n)

  1. life
Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch *libben, *livon, from Proto-Germanic *libjaną.

Verb[edit]

lēven

  1. to live, to be alive
  2. to live one's life
  3. to live, to dwell

Inflection[edit]

Weak
Indicative Present Past
1st singular lēve lēefde
2nd singular lēefs, lēves lēefdes
3rd singular lēeft, lēvet lēefde
1st plural lēven lēefden
2nd plural lēeft, lēvet lēefdet
3rd plural lēven lēefden
Subjunctive Present Past
1st singular lēve lēefde
2nd singular lēefs, lēves lēefdes
3rd singular lēve lēefde
1st plural lēven lēefden
2nd plural lēeft, lēvet lēefdet
3rd plural lēven lēefden
Imperative Present
Singular lēve
Plural lēeft, lēvet
Present Past
Participle lēvende gelēeft

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • leven (II)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • leven (I)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929

Middle Low German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Saxon libbian, from Proto-Germanic *libjaną.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

leven

  1. to live

Conjugation[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Scots[edit]

Noun[edit]

leven

  1. A lawn; an open space between woods[1]
    • Scott, Minstrelsy; the ballad "Thomas the Rhymer"
      lily leven (a lawn overspread with lilies or flowers)

Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

leven

  1. definite singular of lev

References[edit]

  1. ^ John Jamieson's Dict., p.327 (Abridged, 1867)