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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



*dewk- (imperfective)

  1. to pull, to draw
  2. to lead (i.e. to pull behind oneself)

Derived terms[edit]

  • *déwk-ti ~ * duk-énti (root present) (see there for further descendants)
  • *dowk-éye-ti (causative)
    • Germanic: *taugijaną (see there for further descendants)
  • *duk-s
    • Italic:
  • *duk-is
    • Germanic: *tugiz (see there for further descendants)
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Anatolian:
      • Hittite: [script needed] (tukzi-), [script needed] c (tukkanzi-, cultivation of plants and animals)
    • Germanic: *tugô, *tugōną, *tugilaz (with an -ila- suffix that denotes instruments), *taugō
    • Hellenic:


  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “dūcō, -ere”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 181
  • Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*teuhan-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 515
  • Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*duk-o-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 108
  • Orel, Vladimir (1998), “nduk”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Köln: Brill, pages 288-289
  • Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “*deu̯k-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, page 128