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From Proto-Balto-Slavic *deśimt, from Proto-Indo-European *déḱm̥t ‎(ten) with a suffix -(t)i-s marking collective number (“group of ten”). The Proto-Indo-European form is itself complex, including an element *ḱm̥t, possibly from *ḱomt ‎(hand) (> German Hand, Dutch, English hand), in which case *de-ḱm̥t would mean originally “two hands”. Cognates include Latvian desmit, Old Prussian dessimpts, Old Church Slavonic дєсѧть ‎(desętĭ), Russian, Ukrainian де́сять ‎(désjatʹ), Belarusian дзе́сяць ‎(dzjésjacʹ), Bulgarian де́сет ‎(déset), Czech deset, Polish dziesięć, Gothic 𐍄𐌰𐌹𐌷𐌿𐌽 ‎(taihun), Old Norse tiund, Old High German zëhan, German zehn, English ten, Sanskrit दश ‎(dáśa), Ancient Greek δέκα ‎(déka), Latin decem.


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dẽšimt m, f ‎(not declinable)

  1. (cardinal) ten