specimen

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See also: spécimen

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin specimen (mark, sign, example), from speciō (observe, watch).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

specimen (plural specimens or specimina)

  1. An individual instance that represents a class; an example.
    early specimens of the art of Picasso
    • 2006, Bill Neal, Getting Away with Murder on the Texas Frontier
      To assure a defendant's acquittal, a lawyer usually needed only to convince the jury that the victim was a pretty sorry specimen of a human being.
  2. A sample, especially one used for diagnostic analysis.
  3. (humorous, often preceded with “fine”) An eligible man.
    Examples: Postcard: Leap Year, 1908, Postcard: Trinity College in Hartford, Connecticut

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From speciō (observe, watch) +‎ -men (noun-forming suffix).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

specimen n (genitive speciminis); third declension

  1. mark, token, sign, indication
  2. example, pattern, model
  3. ornament, honor

Inflection[edit]

Third declension neuter.

Case Singular Plural
nominative specimen specimina
genitive speciminis speciminum
dative speciminī speciminibus
accusative specimen specimina
ablative specimine speciminibus
vocative specimen specimina

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • specimen in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • specimen in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • specimen” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • an ideal: species optima or eximia, specimen, also simply species, forma
  • specimen in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016