specimen

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See also: spécimen

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia
A specimen stamp
Postcard: "Be careful, Clara, that's a fine specimen!" (eligible man)

Etymology[edit]

From Latin specimen (mark, sign, example), from speciō (observe, watch).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈspɛsɪmɪn/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: spe‧ci‧men

Noun[edit]

specimen (plural specimens or (extremely rare) specimina)

  1. An individual instance that represents a class; an example.
    early specimens of the art of Picasso
    • 2006, Bill Neal, Getting Away with Murder on the Texas Frontier:
      To assure a defendant's acquittal, a lawyer usually needed only to convince the jury that the victim was a pretty sorry specimen of a human being.
    1. (numismatics) A banknote printed for distribution to central banks to aid in the recognition of banknotes from a country other than their own
    2. (philately) A postage stamp sent to postmasters and postal administrations so that they are able to identify valid stamps and to avoid forgeries
  2. A sample, especially one used for diagnostic analysis.
  3. (humorous, often preceded with “fine”) An eligible man.

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]


Interlingua[edit]

Noun[edit]

specimen (plural specimens)

  1. specimen, sample

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From speciō (observe, watch) +‎ -men (noun-forming suffix).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

specimen n (genitive speciminis); third declension

  1. mark, token, sign, indication
  2. example, pattern, model
  3. ornament, honor

Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun (neuter, imparisyllabic non-i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative specimen specimina
Genitive speciminis speciminum
Dative speciminī speciminibus
Accusative specimen specimina
Ablative specimine speciminibus
Vocative specimen specimina

Descendants[edit]

  • Catalan: espècimen
  • English: specimen
  • French: specimen
  • Portuguese: espécime
  • Spanish: espécimen

References[edit]

  • specimen in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • specimen in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • specimen in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • an ideal: species optima or eximia, specimen, also simply species, forma
  • specimen in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French spécimen.

Noun[edit]

specimen n (plural specimene)

  1. specimen

Declension[edit]