- sense, capacity
- Forming nouns expressing an action
- “-men” in Labayru Hiztegia
- forms neuter nouns of the third declension, generally with senses along the lines of 'a means of doing something'
Nouns ending in the suffix -men are often derived from verbs. Derivatives of first-conjugation verbs end in -āmen, such as lībrāmen from lībrō (“I balance, poise”) (active present infinitive lībrāre, present stem lībrā-). Derivatives of fourth-conjugation verbs end in -īmen. Derivatives of second- and third-conjugation verbs show various patterns depending on the stem involved. Derivatives of nouns or adjectives also show some variation: some end in -āmen (such as linteāmen, oleāmen, pinguāmen from linteum, oleum, pinguis) while others end in -ūmen (such as albūmen, caldūmen from albus, caldus).
Compare also the formation and use of nouns ending in -mentum; for some nouns ending in -men, there is a corresponding noun ending in -mentum with a similar meaning, such as vēlāmen (“covering”) and vēlāmentum (“covering”).
Third-declension noun (neuter, imparisyllabic non-i-stem).
- Catalan: -am, -im, -um
- Galician: -ame, -ime, -ume
- Italian: -ame, -ime, -ume
- Portuguese: -ame, -ime, -ume
- Romanian: -ime
- Sicilian: -ami, -imi, -umi
- Spanish: -ambre, -umbre
- Alternative form of
- Forms adverbs from feminine adjectives. -wise, -ly
Originally from Ottoman Turkish ـمن (-men), inherited from Proto-Turkic [Term?], as in değirmen. In some Ottoman coinages it conflated with Persian ـمان (-mân, “-like”). Sense 1 is found mainly in language reforms' coinages, and was likely influenced by German -mann and English -man.
|A / I / O / U||E / İ / Ö / Ü|
- Forms agent nouns from verbs, denoting professions. -er, -ant
- Forms nouns and adjectives from verbal roots.
- Forms nouns and adjectives denoting a high degree or excess.
- Forms nouns and adjectives denoting fondness and passion.
- Forms nouns of communities.