men

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Translingual[edit]

Symbol[edit]

men

  1. (international standards) ISO 639-2 & ISO 639-3 language code for Mende.

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English men, from Old English menn (people), from Proto-Germanic *manniz, nominative plural of Proto-Germanic *mann- (person). Cognate with German Männer (men), Danish mænd (men), Swedish män (men). More at man.

Pronunciation[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
A group of men sitting together.

Noun[edit]

men

  1. plural of man
    • 1910, Emerson Hough, chapter I, in The Purchase Price: Or The Cause of Compromise, Indianapolis, Ind.: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, →OCLC:
      This new-comer was a man who in any company would have seemed striking. [] Indeed, all his features were in large mold, like the man himself, as though he had come from a day when skin garments made the proper garb of men.

Noun[edit]

men pl (plural only)

  1. (collective, dated) (The) people, humanity, man(kind).
    • 1776, Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, The unanimous Declaration of the thirteen united States of America:
      We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.
  2. (collective, military) Enlisted personnel (as opposed to commissioned officers).
    "Muster up the men in the barracks at 0600," the lieutenant said to his sergeant.

Quotations[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Basque[edit]

Noun[edit]

men

  1. A command

Chuukese[edit]

Adverb[edit]

men

  1. softer form of fakkun (very)

Crimean Tatar[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *ben (I). Compare Turkish ben (I).

Pronoun[edit]

men (plural biz, possessive adjective menim)

  1. (personal) I (first-person singular)

Inflection[edit]

object me: maña
reflexive myself: özüm
possessive mine, my: menim

Danish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse mein, from Proto-Germanic *mainą (damage, hurt, injustice, sin).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

men or mén n or c (singular definite menet or menen, plural indefinite men, plural definite menene)

  1. injury

Etymology 2[edit]

Same origin as Old Norse meðan (while).

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

men

  1. but
  2. (as a noun) but, catch, hitch, snag
    Jeg kan høre, der er et men.

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch men, an unstressed variety of man (man). Accordingly, originally pronounced with [ə]; now predominantly with a full vowel [ɛ], especially in those areas where the word is chiefly literary. Compare German man, Middle English men (indefinite pronoun).

Pronoun[edit]

men

  1. (indefinite, subject) One, you, they, everyone; humanity, (the) people, the public opinion
    Men zegt dat...People say that.... It is said that...
    Men weet nooit wat er gaat gebeuren.You never know what’s going to happen.
Usage notes[edit]
  • When not used as a subject, men must be replaced with je (you) or sometimes ze (them).
  • The word as such is very common in Limburg and some other areas, where it is part of the local dialects. Elsewhere it is not downright rare but perceived as formal and predominantly replaced with je and ze even as a subject (similarly to English one).
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

men

  1. inflection of mennen:
    1. first-person singular present indicative
    2. imperative

Faroese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

See møna

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

men f (genitive singular menar, plural menir or menar)

  1. (rare, Mykines) The spinal cord
Declension[edit]
Declension of men
f2 singular plural
indefinite definite indefinite definite
nominative men menin menir menirnar
accusative men menina menir menirnar
dative men menini menum menunum
genitive menar menarinnar mena menanna
f6 Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative men menin menar menarnar
Accusative men menina menar menarnar
Dative men menini menum menunum
Genitive menar menarinnar mena menanna
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Danish men derived from Old Norse meðan (while).

Conjunction[edit]

men

  1. but

Fula[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

men

  1. first person plural exclusive;short form we, us

Usage notes[edit]

Dialectal variants[edit]

  • min (Pulaar, Adamawa, Dageeja, Fouta-toro, Liptaako, Sokoto, Zaria, Gombe)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Haitian Creole[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From French main (hand).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

men

  1. hand

Etymology 2[edit]

From French mais (but).

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

men

  1. but

Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse men, from Proto-Germanic *manją. Compare Old English mene.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

men n (genitive singular mens, nominative plural men)

  1. necklace, especially one with a pendant

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈmen/
  • Rhymes: -en
  • Hyphenation: mén

Adverb[edit]

men (apocopated)

  1. Apocopic form of meno

Contraction[edit]

men

  1. (literary, archaic) Contraction of me ne.
    • 1723, Anton Maria Salvini, transl., Iliade [Iliad]‎[4], Milan: Giovanni Gaetano Tartini, Santi Franchi, translation of Ἰλιάς (Iliás) by Homer, Book I, page 9:
      Men vo alle navi, appo aver fatte in guerra
      ben gravi, e dure, e faticose imprese
      I return to the ships, after grave, hard and laborious war endeavours

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

men

  1. Rōmaji transcription of めん

Louisiana Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French main (hand).

Noun[edit]

men

  1. hand

Macaguán[edit]

Noun[edit]

men

  1. water
  2. river

References[edit]

Mandarin[edit]

Romanization[edit]

men (men5men0, Zhuyin ˙ㄇㄣ)

  1. Hanyu Pinyin reading of

Romanization[edit]

men

  1. Nonstandard spelling of mēn.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of mén.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of mèn.
  4. Nonstandard spelling of mê̄n.

Usage notes[edit]

  • 《汉语拼音方案》 (Scheme for the Chinese Phonetic Alphabet) defines a standard pronunciation for each letter in Hanyu Pinyin with Zhuyin. (/⁠ɛ⁠/) typically only occurs in syllables with an initial glide (e.g. ㄧㄝ (-ie /⁠i̯ɛ⁠/)), where it is romanized as e. When it occurs in syllables without an initial glide, however, it is romanized as ê in order to distinguish it from (-e /⁠ɤ⁠/). Such instances are rare, and are only found in interjections or neologisms.
  • Transcriptions of Mandarin into the Latin script often do not distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without indication of tone.

Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

An unstressed variety of man.

Pronoun[edit]

men

  1. someone
  2. one, they, you, people; impersonal pronoun.

Inflection[edit]

This pronoun needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants[edit]

  • Dutch: men
  • Limburgish: me

Further reading[edit]

Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

men

  1. Alternative form of man (one, you)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old English menn, plural of mann, from Proto-Germanic *manniz, plural of *mann-.

Noun[edit]

men

  1. plural of mon (man)

Mòcheno[edit]

Etymology[edit]

An unstressed pronunciation of mònn (man). Compare German man, Dutch men for a similar construct.

Pronoun[edit]

men

  1. one, you (indefinite pronoun)
    Bou mu men parkiarn?Where can you park?

References[edit]

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Via Swedish and Danish men, same origin as Old Norse meðan (while).

Conjunction[edit]

men

  1. But, however; introducing a clause that contrasts with the preceding clause, sentence or common belief.
  2. though
  3. only
    Han er en fin kar, men han snakker litt for mye. – He is a nice guy, but he talks a bit too much.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse mein.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

men

  1. damage; injury (also mén)
  2. permanent disability
  3. difficulty; drawback

Etymology 3[edit]

Verb[edit]

men

  1. imperative of mene

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Via Swedish and Danish men, same origin as Old Norse meðan (while).

Conjunction[edit]

men

  1. but, however; introducing a clause that contrasts with the preceding clause, sentence or common belief.
  2. though
  3. only

Etymology 2[edit]

From men.

Noun[edit]

men n (definite singular menet, uncountable)

  1. difficulty

References[edit]

Old Norse[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *manją. Cognate with Old English mene.

Noun[edit]

men n (genitive mens, plural men)

  1. necklace

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Pohnpeian[edit]

Verb[edit]

men

  1. to want

Salar[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *ben.

Pronoun[edit]

men

  1. First singular personal pronoun; I.

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  • Tenishev, Edhem (1976) “men”, in Stroj salárskovo jazyká [Grammar of Salar], Moscow, page 224
  • 林 (Lin), 莲云 (Lianyun) (1985) “men”, in 撒拉语简志 [A Brief History of Salar]‎[5], Beijing: 民族出版社: 琴書店, →OCLC, page 53
  • 马伟 (Ma Wei), 朝克 (Chao Ke) (2014) “men”, in 撒拉语366条会话读本 [Salar 366 Conversation Reader]‎[6], 1st edition, 社会科学文献出版社 (Social Science Literature Press), →ISBN, page 111
  • Ma, Chengjun, Han, Lianye, Ma, Weisheng (December 2010) “men”, in 米娜瓦尔 艾比布拉 (Minavar Abibra), editor, 撒维汉词典 (Sāwéihàncídiǎn) [Salar-Uyghur-Chinese dictionary], 1st edition, Beijing, →ISBN, page 180
  • 张, 进锋 (Ayso Cañ Cinfen) (2008) 乌璐别格 (Ulubeğ), 鄭初陽 (Çuyañ Yebey oğlı Ceñ), editors, Salar İbret Sözler 撒拉尔谚语 [Salar Proverbs]‎[7], China Salar Youth League, page 43


Sherbro[edit]

Noun[edit]

men (plural menti)

  1. (chiefly in the plural) water

References[edit]

  • James Frederick Schön, James Frederick Schön, Sherbro Vocabulary (1839), page 24

Spanish[edit]

Noun[edit]

men m pl

  1. plural of man
  2. (Peru, colloquial) dude

Sumerian[edit]

Romanization[edit]

men

  1. Romanization of 𒃞 (men)

Swedish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Swedish men, from Middle Low German men, man (but, only), probably from Old Saxon niwan; possibly under the influence of Old Swedish men (while, during) (modern Swedish medan, medans, mens). Cognate with modern Low German man.

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

men

  1. but; introducing a clause that contrasts with the preceding clause, sentence or common belief.
  2. yet, but, however
    John har bott i staden i fem år, men aldrig besökt slottet.
    John has lived in the city for five years, yet never visited the castle.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse mein, cognate with Icelandic mein, Norwegian mein, Old Saxon mēn, Old English mān; cognate with Icelandic meinn (which causes injury), Old English mǣne (evil, deceptive, adj), Lithuanian maĭnas (change, noun), Proto-Slavic *měna (change, noun); from the Proto-Indo-European root *mei- (to switch).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

men n

  1. a handicap, long-time remnant of a physical or mental injury, which affects a person negatively
Declension[edit]
Declension of men 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative men menet men menen
Genitive mens menets mens menens
Related terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Turkish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈmɛn/
  • Hyphenation: men

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Ottoman Turkish منع (menʾ, a preventing, hindering, hindrance, a forbidding, prohibition),[1][2] from Arabic مَنْع (manʕ, prevention), verbal noun of مَنَعَ (manaʕa, to hinder, to prevent, to repel).[3]

Noun[edit]

men (definite accusative meni, plural menler)

  1. An act of prohibiting, forbidding
    Synonym: yasaklama
  2. An act of preventing, hindering
    Synonyms: engel olma, önleme
Declension[edit]
Inflection
Nominative men
Definite accusative meni
Singular Plural
Nominative men menler
Definite accusative meni menleri
Dative mene menlere
Locative mende menlerde
Ablative menden menlerden
Genitive menin menlerin
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular menim menlerim
2nd singular menin menlerin
3rd singular meni menleri
1st plural menimiz menlerimiz
2nd plural meniniz menleriniz
3rd plural menleri menleri
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular menimi menlerimi
2nd singular menini menlerini
3rd singular menini menlerini
1st plural menimizi menlerimizi
2nd plural meninizi menlerinizi
3rd plural menlerini menlerini
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular menime menlerime
2nd singular menine menlerine
3rd singular menine menlerine
1st plural menimize menlerimize
2nd plural meninize menlerinize
3rd plural menlerine menlerine
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular menimde menlerimde
2nd singular meninde menlerinde
3rd singular meninde menlerinde
1st plural menimizde menlerimizde
2nd plural meninizde menlerinizde
3rd plural menlerinde menlerinde
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular menimden menlerimden
2nd singular meninden menlerinden
3rd singular meninden menlerinden
1st plural menimizden menlerimizden
2nd plural meninizden menlerinizden
3rd plural menlerinden menlerinden
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular menimin menlerimin
2nd singular meninin menlerinin
3rd singular meninin menlerinin
1st plural menimizin menlerimizin
2nd plural meninizin menlerinizin
3rd plural menlerinin menlerinin
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *ben (I, me).[4][5]

Pronoun[edit]

men

  1. (dialectal) I, me
    Synonym: (standard) ben

References[edit]

  1. ^ Redhouse, James W. (1890) “منع”, in A Turkish and English Lexicon[1], Constantinople: A. H. Boyajian, page 2006
  2. ^ Kélékian, Diran (1911) “منع”, in Dictionnaire turc-français[2], Constantinople: Mihran, page 1235
  3. ^ Nişanyan, Sevan (2002–) “men”, in Nişanyan Sözlük
  4. ^ Starostin, Sergei, Dybo, Anna, Mudrak, Oleg (2003) “*bẹ-”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill
  5. ^ Nişanyan, Sevan (2002–) “ben”, in Nişanyan Sözlük

Further reading[edit]

Turkmen[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *ben (I). Compare Turkish ben (I).

Pronoun[edit]

men

  1. (personal) I

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

Uyghur[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

men

  1. Latin (ULY) transcription of مەن (men)

Uzbek[edit]

Other scripts
Cyrillic мен (men)
Latin men
Perso-Arabic

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *ben (I).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [mɛn]
  • Hyphenation: men

Pronoun[edit]

men

  1. (personal) I

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

Vietnamese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Vietic *-mɛːn.

Noun[edit]

men (綿, 𥽔, 𥾃)

  1. yeast
  2. (biochemistry) enzyme
  3. alcohol (in terms of its euphorigenic or intoxicating effects)
Derived terms[edit]
Derived terms

Etymology 2[edit]

This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “Seems like a borrowing from a Western language at first glance but does not hold up at closer look on phonological ground. Earliest attestation I can find is in Như Tây nhựt trình (1889).”

Noun[edit]

men

  1. enamel
  2. (ceramics) glaze

Etymology 3[edit]

Verb[edit]

men (綿, )

  1. to approach, to go along
Derived terms[edit]
Derived terms

Anagrams[edit]

Volapük[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From German Mann and English man, both from Proto-Germanic *mann-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

men

  1. man (male or female), human, human being

Declension[edit]

Hyponyms[edit]

  • cil (child)
  • himen (male human)
  • jimen (female human)

Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Variant of earlier ben, from Proto-Celtic *bend(n)ā (whence Latin benna), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰendʰ- (to bind).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

men f (plural menni or mennau)

  1. (transport) cart, wagon

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
men fen unchanged unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “men”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies

Wutunhua[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Mandarin .

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

men

  1. door
    men kai-di-li.
    The door is kept open.
    (Quoted in Sandman, p. 182)

References[edit]

  • Juha Janhunen, Marja Peltomaa, Erika Sandman, Xiawu Dongzhou (2008) Wutun (LINCOM's Descriptive Grammar Series), volume 466, LINCOM Europa, →ISBN
  • Erika Sandman (2016) A Grammar of Wutun[8], University of Helsinki (PhD), →ISBN