permanent

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Used in English since 15th century, from Middle French permanent, from Latin permanens, from permanēo (I stay through).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

permanent (comparative more permanent, superlative most permanent)

  1. Without end, eternal.
    Nothing in this world is truly permanent.
  2. Lasting for an indefinitely long time.
    The countries are now locked in a permanent state of conflict.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Noun[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

permanent (plural permanents)

  1. A chemical hair treatment imparting or removing curliness, whose effects typically last for a period of weeks; a perm.
    • 1943, Raymond Chandler, The High Window, Penguin 2005, p. 8:
      She had pewter-coloured hair set in a ruthless permanent, a hard beak and large moist eyes with the sympathetic expression of wet stones.
  2. (linear algebra, combinatorics) Given an matrix , the sum over all permutations of .
  3. (collectible card games) A card whose effects persist beyond the turn on which it is played.

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Verb[edit]

permanent (third-person singular simple present permanents, present participle permanenting, simple past and past participle permanented)

  1. (transitive, dated) To perm (the hair).

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

permanent (masculine and feminine plural permanents)

  1. permanent

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French permanent, from Latin permanēns. The noun is a shortening of permanent hairwave, which was borrowed from English permanent hairwave, and may have been influenced by or borrowed from American English permanent.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˌpɛr.maːˈnɛnt/
  • Hyphenation: per‧ma‧nent
  • Rhymes: -ɛnt

Adjective[edit]

permanent (not comparable)

  1. permanent

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of permanent
uninflected permanent
inflected permanente
comparative
positive
predicative/adverbial permanent
indefinite m./f. sing. permanente
n. sing. permanent
plural permanente
definite permanente
partitive permanents

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Indonesian: permanen, pêrmanèn

Noun[edit]

permanent m (plural permanenten, diminutive permanentje n)

  1. (chiefly diminutive) perm, permanent, permanent wave [from ca. 1930]
    • 1932 February 6, "Nieuwe kapperszaak", Het Vaderland, vol. 63, evening edition, part 1, page 2.
      In elk kamertje is een keurige kaptafel met de bijbehoorende ingrediënten, knusse hoekjes, echt uitnoodigend tot een genoegelijk permanentje of watergolfje.
      In each cubicle there is a proper hairdressing table with the concomitant ingredients, cozy corners, really inviting for a perm or a setting hairstyle.
    • 1937, H. Kuyper-van Oordt, "Jonker Costijn", in Het heerlijk ambacht, G. F. Callenbach (publ., 6th. print), page 121.
      Wat een lichte jurken, en lichte zomermantels, en permanentjes en nette beenen.
      Such light dresses, and light summer coats, and perms and tidy legs.

Derived terms[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin permanentem (accusative of permanens).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

permanent (feminine permanente, masculine plural permanents, feminine plural permanentes)

  1. permanent

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

permanent m (plural permanents)

  1. (mathematics) permanent

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French permanent.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

permanent (strong nominative masculine singular permanenter, not comparable)

  1. permanent

Declension[edit]

Adverb[edit]

permanent

  1. permanently, incessantly
    Synonyms: ständig, unaufhörlich

Further reading[edit]

  • permanent” in Duden online
  • permanent” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache

Ladin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

permanent m (feminine singular permanenta, masculine plural permanents, feminine plural permanentes)

  1. permanent

Latin[edit]

Verb[edit]

permanent

  1. third-person plural present active indicative of permaneō

Middle French[edit]

Adjective[edit]

permanent m (feminine singular permanente, masculine plural permanents, feminine plural permanentes)

  1. permanent

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin permanens.

Adjective[edit]

permanent (neuter singular permanent, definite singular and plural permanente)

  1. permanent
  2. (as an adverb) permanently

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin permanens.

Adjective[edit]

permanent (neuter singular permanent, definite singular and plural permanente)

  1. permanent

References[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French permanent.

Adjective[edit]

permanent m or n (feminine singular permanentă, masculine plural permanenți, feminine and neuter plural permanente)

  1. permanent

Declension[edit]