永久

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Chinese[edit]

forever; always; perpetual (ly) (long) time; (long) duration of time
simp. and trad.
(永久)

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (35) (28)
Final () (112) (136)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠwiæŋX/ /kɨuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷᵚiaŋX/ /kiuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣiuaŋX/ /kiəuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦwiajŋX/ /kuwX/
Li
Rong
/ɣiuɐŋX/ /kiuX/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭwɐŋX/ /kĭəuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯wɐŋX/ /ki̯ə̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yǒng jiǔ
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
wing5 gau2
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yǒng jiǔ
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjwængX › ‹ kjuwX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷraŋʔ/ /*[k]ʷəʔ/
English long (time) a long time

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 15423 6969
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷraŋʔ/ /*kʷlɯʔ/

Adjective[edit]

永久

  1. permanent; long-lasting; eternal

Synonyms[edit]

edit

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
えい
Grade: 5
きゅう
Grade: 5
on’yomi

Adjectival noun[edit]

(えい)(きゅう) (eikyūえいきう (eikiu)? -na (adnominal (えい)(きゅう) (eikyū na), adverbial (えい)(きゅう) (eikyū ni))

  1. eternal
Inflection[edit]

Noun[edit]

(えい)(きゅう) (eikyūえいきう (eikiu)?

  1. permanence; continuing forever; being timeless; being eternally unchanging; eternity

Proper noun[edit]

(えい)(きゅう) (Eikyūえいきう (eikiu)?

  1. An era from 1113-7-13 to 1118-4-3, following 天永 and preceding 元永.
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 5 Grade: 5
Irregular
For pronunciation and definitions of 永久 – see the following entry.
とわ
[adjective] constant, permanent, everlasting
[noun] eternity
[noun] constancy, permanence, everlastingness
Alternative spellings
永遠, 永久,
(This term, 永久, is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 5 Grade: 5
Irregular
For pronunciation and definitions of 永久 – see the following entry.
とこしえ
[adjective] This term needs a translation to English.
[noun] This term needs a translation to English.
Alternative spellings
常しえ, 長しえ, 永久しえ, 永久
(This term, 永久, is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 5 Grade: 5
Irregular
For pronunciation and definitions of 永久 – see the following entry.
とこしなえ
[adjective] the way in which something continues unchanged for a long period of time; eternal, everlasting
[noun] This term needs a translation to English.
Alternative spellings
常しなえ, 長しなえ, 永久
(This term, 永久, is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Adjective[edit]

永久

  1. Hán tự form of vĩnh cửu (everlasting).