永久

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Chinese[edit]

forever; always; perpetual (ly) (long) time; (long) duration of time
simp. and trad.
(永久)

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (35) (28)
Final () (112) (136)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠwiæŋX/ /kɨuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷᵚiaŋX/ /kiuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣiuaŋX/ /kiəuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦwiajŋX/ /kuwX/
Li
Rong
/ɣiuɐŋX/ /kiuX/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭwɐŋX/ /kĭəuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯wɐŋX/ /ki̯ə̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yǒng jiǔ
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yǒng jiǔ
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjwængX › ‹ kjuwX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷraŋʔ/ /*[k]ʷəʔ/
English long (time) a long time

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 15423 6969
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷraŋʔ/ /*kʷlɯʔ/

Adjective[edit]

永久

  1. permanent, long-lasting, eternal

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
えい
Grade: 5
きゅう
Grade: 5
on'yomi

Adjectival noun[edit]

永久 (-na inflection, hiragana えいきゅう, rōmaji eikyū, historical hiragana えいきう)

  1. eternal
Inflection[edit]

Noun[edit]

永久 (hiragana えいきゅう, rōmaji eikyū, historical hiragana えいきう)

  1. permanence; continuing forever; being timeless; being eternally unchanging; eternity

Proper noun[edit]

永久 (hiragana えいきゅう, rōmaji Eikyū, historical hiragana えいきう)

  1. An era from 1113-7-13 to 1118-4-3, following 天永 and preceding 元永.
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

永久 (hiragana とわ, rōmaji towa, historical hiragana とは)

  1. permanence

Etymology 3[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “Related to  (いにしえ) (inishie)?”

Adjectival noun[edit]

永久 (-na inflection, hiragana とこしえ, rōmaji tokoshie, historical hiragana とこしへ)

  1. Alternative form of 常しえ

Noun[edit]

永久 (hiragana とこしえ, rōmaji tokoshie, historical hiragana とこしへ)

  1. Alternative form of 常しえ

Etymology 4[edit]

Adjectival noun[edit]

永久 (-na inflection, hiragana とこしなえ, rōmaji tokoshinae, historical hiragana とこしなへ)

  1. Same as above.

Noun[edit]

永久 (hiragana とこしなえ, rōmaji tokoshinae, historical hiragana とこしなへ)

  1. Same as above.