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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
久-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形) - a man receiving moxibustion. The derivative refers to the original word.

Han character[edit]

(radical 4 丿+2, 3 strokes, cangjie input 弓人 (NO) or X弓人 (XNO), four-corner 27800)

  1. long time (ago), long ago
  2. time passage, grow late

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 81, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 118
  • Dae Jaweon: page 165, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 33, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4E45

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kiuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiəuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kuwX/
Li
Rong
/kiuX/
Wang
Li
/kĭəuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯ə̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiǔ
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiǔ
Middle
Chinese
‹ kjuwX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ʷəʔ/
English a long time

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6969
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʷlɯʔ/

Adjective[edit]

  1. (of time) long

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ひさし, romaji Hisashi)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gu)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: gu, McCune-Reischauer: ku)
  • Name (hangeul): 오랠 (revised: orael, McCune-Reischauer: orael)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cửu, nhân, nhơn, nhợn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.