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U+8010, 耐
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8010

[U+800F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8011]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 126 +3, 9 strokes, cangjie input 一月木戈 (MBDI), four-corner 14200, composition)

  1. endure, bear
  2. resist
  3. patient

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 962, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 28879
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1409, character 24
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2811, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+8010

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*nɯːs
*nɯːs, *njɯ
*njɯ
*njɯ, *njuɡ
*njɯ
*njɯ
*njɯ
*njɯ
*njɯ
*njɯ
*njɯ
*njɯ
*nɯɡ, *nuɡ

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (8)
Final () (41)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/nʌiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/nəiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/nɒiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/nəjH/
Li
Rong
/nᴀiH/
Wang
Li
/nɒiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/nɑ̆iH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
nài
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
nài
Middle
Chinese
‹ nojH ›
Old
Chinese
/*nˤə-s/
English endure

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2718
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*nɯːs/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. durable
  2. to bear; to endure
  3. (Cantonese, of time) long; taking a long time to happen
    已經 [Cantonese, trad.]
    已经 [Cantonese, simp.]
    Ngo5 ji5 ging1 dang2 zo2 hou2 noi6 aa3! [Jyutping]
    I've already waited forever!
    [Cantonese, trad.]
    [Cantonese, simp.]
    Nei5 heoi3 zo2 gam3 sei2 noi6 sin1 maai5 zo2 jat1 gin6 saam1? [Jyutping]
    You went for so long and only got one darn shirt?

Synonyms[edit]

  • (Cantonese: long): (Standard Mandarin) (jiǔ)

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

1. withstand

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(nae) (hangeul , revised nae, McCune-Reischauer nae, Yale nay)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nại, naị, nài, nề)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.