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U+5FCD, 忍
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5FCD

[U+5FCC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5FCE]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +3, 7 strokes, cangjie input 尸戈心 (SIP), four-corner 17332, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 376, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10312
  • Dae Jaweon: page 702, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2271, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5FCD

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script
忍-bronze.svg 忍-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*nɯːnʔ, *njɯnʔ
*nɯn
*njɯnʔ
*njɯnʔ
*njɯns
*njɯns, *njɯŋs
*njɯns
*njɯns
*njɯns
*njɯns
*njɯns
*njɯns
*njɯns

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *njɯnʔ): phonetic  (OC *njɯns, blade) + semantic  (heart).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • lím/jím - literary;
  • lún - vernacular.
Note:
  • 3nyin - colloquial;
  • 3zen - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (38)
Final () (43)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ȵiɪnX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ȵinX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵʑjenX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ȵinX/
Li
Rong
/ȵiĕnX/
Wang
Li
/ȵʑĭĕnX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵʑi̯ĕnX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
rěn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
rěn rěn
Middle
Chinese
‹ nyinX › ‹ nyinX ›
Old
Chinese
/*nə[n]ʔ/ /*nə[n]ʔ/
English cruel endure

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10828
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*njɯnʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to endure; to bear; to suffer
  2. to forbear
      ―  rěn xiào  ―  to stifle a laugh
    眼淚 / 眼泪  ―  rěn zhe yǎnlèi  ―  to hold back tears

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. patience, endurance, stamina.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana しのぶ, rōmaji Shinobu)

  1. A male or female given name
  2. A surname​.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(in)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (revised: in, McCune-Reischauer: in, Yale: in)
    • Name (hangeul): 참다

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nhẫn, nhịn, những, nhẩn, nhẵn)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.