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U+5FCD, 忍
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5FCD

[U+5FCC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5FCE]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 61, +3, 7 strokes, cangjie input 尸戈心 (SIP), four-corner 17332, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 376, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10312
  • Dae Jaweon: page 702, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2271, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5FCD

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. #

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script
忍-bronze-warring.svg 忍-silk.svg 忍-slip.svg 忍-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*nɯːnʔ, *njɯnʔ
*nɯn
*njɯnʔ
*njɯnʔ
*njɯns
*njɯns, *njɯŋs
*njɯns
*njɯns
*njɯns
*njɯns
*njɯns
*njɯns
*njɯns

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *njɯnʔ): phonetic  (OC *njɯns, blade) + semantic  (heart).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • lím/jím - literary;
  • lún - vernacular.
  • Wu
  • Note:
    • 3nyin - colloquial;
    • 3zen - literary.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʐən²¹⁴/
    Harbin /ʐən²¹³/
    Tianjin /in¹³/
    /ʐən¹³/
    Jinan /ʐẽ⁵⁵/
    Qingdao /iə̃⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /ʐən⁵³/
    Xi'an /ʐẽ⁵³/
    Xining /ʐə̃⁵³/
    Yinchuan /ʐəŋ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /ʐə̃n⁴⁴²/
    Ürümqi /ʐɤŋ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /nən⁴²/
    Chengdu /zən⁵³/
    Guiyang /zen⁴²/
    Kunming /ʐə̃⁵³/
    Nanjing /ʐən²¹²/
    Hefei /ʐən²⁴/
    Jin Taiyuan /zəŋ⁵³/
    Pingyao /ʐəŋ⁵³/
    Hohhot /ʐə̃ŋ⁵³/
    Wu Shanghai /ȵiŋ²³/
    /zəŋ²³/
    Suzhou /zən³¹/
    Hangzhou /zen¹³/
    Wenzhou /ȵaŋ³⁵/
    Hui Shexian /niʌ̃³⁵/
    Tunxi /ȵin²⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /ʐən⁴¹/
    Xiangtan /in⁴²/
    Gan Nanchang /ȵɨn²¹³/
    Hakka Meixian /ŋiun⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan
    Cantonese Guangzhou /jɐn³⁵/
    Nanning /jɐn²⁴/
    Hong Kong /jɐn³⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lim⁵³/
    /lun⁵³/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /yŋ³²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /neiŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /zim⁵³/
    /luŋ⁵³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /zin²¹³/
    /zun²¹³/
    /nun²¹³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (38)
    Final () (43)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ȵiɪnX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ȵinX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ȵʑjenX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ȵinX/
    Li
    Rong
    /ȵiĕnX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ȵʑĭĕnX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ȵʑi̯ĕnX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    rěn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    rěn rěn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ nyinX › ‹ nyinX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*nə[n]ʔ/ /*nə[n]ʔ/
    English cruel endure

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 10828
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*njɯnʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to endure; to bear; to suffer
    2. to forbear
        ―  rěn xiào  ―  to stifle a laugh
      眼淚 / 眼泪  ―  rěn zhe yǎnlèi  ―  to hold back tears

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. patience, endurance, stamina.

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (hiragana しのぶ, rōmaji Shinobu)

    1. A unisex given name
    2. A surname​.

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (in)

    • Eumhun:
      • Sound (hangeul): (revised: in, McCune–Reischauer: in, Yale: in)
      • Name (hangeul): 참다

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (nhẫn, nhịn, những, nhẩn, nhẵn)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.