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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(knife) +  ‎(heart) – suffer being stabbed in the heart with a knife.

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +3, 7 strokes, cangjie input 尸戈心 (SIP), four-corner 17332, composition)

  1. endure, bear, suffer
  2. forbear

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 376, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10312
  • Dae Jaweon: page 702, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2271, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5FCD

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (忍), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 日 (38)
Final: 眞
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 而軫切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵiɪnX/ /ȵʑi̯ĕnX/ /ȵiĕnX/ /ȵinX/ /ȵinX/ /ȵʑĭĕnX/ /ȵʑjenX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
rěn ‹ nyinX › /*nə[n]ʔ/ cruel
rěn ‹ nyinX › /*nə[n]ʔ/ endure

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10828 1 /*njɯnʔ/

Verb[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
      ―  rěn xiào  ―  to stifle a laugh
    眼淚 / 眼泪  ―  rěnzhù yǎnlèi  ―  to hold back tears

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ministry of Education, R.O.C. (2011), “Entry #3148”, Dictionary of Frequently-Used Taiwan Minnan (臺灣閩南語常用詞辭典)[1]

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. patience, endurance, stamina.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana しのぶ, romaji Shinobu)

  1. A male or female given name
  2. A surname​.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(in)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: in, McCune-Reischauer: in, Yale: in)

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nhẫn, nhịn, những, nhẩn, nhẵn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.