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See also:
U+8FA3, 辣
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8FA3

[U+8FA2]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8FA4]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 160, +7, 14 strokes, cangjie input 卜十木中 (YJDL), four-corner 05496, composition )

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 1251, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38646
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1731, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 4040, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8FA3

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
Wikipedia has articles on:
  • (Cantonese)
  • (Written Standard Chinese?)

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *raːd) : semantic + phonetic . The latter is an abbreviation of (OC *raːd).

Etymology 1[edit]

Possibly cognate with (OC *m·rads), (OC *red).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • la̍t - literary;
  • loa̍h - vernacular (“spicy; cruel (Mainland China)”).

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /la⁵¹/
Harbin /la⁵³/
Tianjin /lɑ⁵³/
Jinan /la²¹/
Qingdao /la⁴²/
Zhengzhou /la²⁴/
Xi'an /la²¹/
Xining /la⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /la¹³/
Lanzhou /la¹³/
Ürümqi /la²¹³/
Wuhan /na²¹³/
Chengdu /na³¹/
Guiyang /na²¹/
Kunming /la̠³¹/
Nanjing /lɑʔ⁵/
Hefei /lɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /laʔ²/
Pingyao /lʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /laʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /laʔ¹/
Suzhou /laʔ³/
Hangzhou /lɑʔ²/
Wenzhou /la²¹³/
Hui Shexian /la²²/
Tunxi /lɔ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /la²⁴/
Xiangtan /nɒ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /laʔ²/
Hakka Meixian /lat̚⁵/
Taoyuan /lɑt̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /lat̚²/
Nanning /ʟat̚²²/
Hong Kong /lɐt̚²/
Min Xiamen (Hokkien) /lat̚⁵/
/luaʔ⁵/
Fuzhou (Eastern Min) /laʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Northern Min) /luɛ⁴²/
/la²⁴/
Shantou (Teochew) /la⁵/
/luaʔ⁵/
/luaʔ²/
Haikou (Hainanese) /lua³³/

BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ lat ›
Old
Chinese
/*mə.rˁat/ (~ C.rˁat ?)
English spicy-hot

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7591
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*raːd/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. spicy; hot; peppery; pungent; hot
      ―  bù huān  ―  I don't find food that isn't spicy tasty.
      ―  Wǒ bù chī .  ―  I don't eat spicy food.
  2. to be spicy; to be hot; to burn
  3. cruel; vicious
      ―    ―  sinister
  4. a surname: La

Synonyms[edit]

  • (spicy):
  • (cruel):

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms



From (MC dzojX) (Dai, 2004) (compare > ) or (MC loj). Cognate with .

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

(Northern Wu)

  1. to be at; to be located at
  2. at; in
  3. be ...-ing; in the middle of doing something (indicating an action in progress)

Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“(of hot objects) to burn; to scald; to sear; very hot; scalding”).
(This character is a variant form of ).

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun 매울 (mae'ul ral), South Korea 매울 (mae'ul nal))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Việt readings: lạt[1][2][3]
: Nôm readings: lượt, lát[2], lướt[2], nhạt[2], nhợt[2]

  1. spicy, scathing, harsh

References[edit]