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See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
麻-order.gif
Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
麻-bronze.svg 麻-bigseal.svg 麻-seal.svg

Han character[edit]

(radical 200 +0, 11 strokes, cangjie input 戈木木 (IDD) or 戈十金金 (IJCC), four-corner 00294, composition广)

  1. hemp, jute, flax
  2. numb
  3. sesame
  4. pock, pockmark

Derived characters[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1515, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 47888
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2044, character 29
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4723, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9EBB

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (4)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/mɣa/ /ma/ /ma/ /mɯa/ /maɨ/ /ma/ /ma/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹  › /*C.mˤraj/ hemp

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
8694 1 /*mraːl/

Noun[edit]

  1. hemp

Adjective[edit]

  1. numb
    麻痺麻痹 (mábì)
  2. (of foods) numbingly spicy
    麻辣 (málà)

Compounds[edit]

Phrase[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
あさ
Grade: S
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あさ, romaji asa)

  1. hemp
    • c. 800: Shibunritsu Ongi (page 47)
      麻衣 阿佐
  2. flax
  3. linen

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あさ, romaji Asa)

  1. A surname​.

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kun'yomi

/wo//o/

From Old Japanese (wo).[3]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji o, historical hiragana )

  1. The hemp or ramie plant.
  2. Thread or yarn made from fibers derived from the bark of hemp or ramie stems.

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kun'yomi

Possibly from an altered pronunciation of asa.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji so)

  1. hemp
Usage notes[edit]

Most often found in compounds.

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kan'yōon

From Middle Chinese ‎(, hemp).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji ma)

  1. The hemp plant.
  2. The bark of the hemp plant.
  3. Thread, yarn, or cloth made from the hemp fiber. Used in the past for mourning clothes in China.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  3. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  • Tsukishima, Hiroshi (c. 800) Kojisho Ongi Shūsei 2: Shibunritsu Ongi (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Kyūko Shoin, ISBN 4-7629-3089-X, published 1979

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ma)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: ma, McCune-Reischauer: ma, Yale: ma)
  • Name (hangeul): ()
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ma, , )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.