麻雀

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Chinese[edit]

 
(to have) pins and needles; tingling; hemp
(to have) pins and needles; tingling; hemp; numb; to bother
bird; lentigo; sparrow
simp. and trad.
(麻雀)
alternative forms 蔴雀 “mahjong”
麻鵲麻鹊 “mahjong”
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Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

麻雀

麻雀

  1. sparrow (any member of the Passer genus)
  2. tree sparrow (Passer montanus)
  3. (dialectal) mahjong

Usage notes[edit]

麻雀 was the original name of the game of mahjong, and this term is retained in many southern dialects. However, the name in modern standard Mandarin is 麻將.

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (麻雀):
  • Korean: 마작 (麻雀, majak, “mahjong”)

Others:


Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
麻雀 (mājan): a round of mahjong
Kanji in this term
Grade: S Jinmeiyō
Irregular

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

First attested around the late Meiji period.

Borrowed from Mandarin 麻將 (májiàng).[1][2]

The kanji form is an orthographic borrowing from Chinese 麻雀 (máquè, literally sparrow), the original name for the game that is retained in some southern Chinese dialects.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

麻雀(マージャン) (mājan

  1. mahjong

Usage notes[edit]

Usually refers exclusively to the Japanese variation, also known as 立直麻雀 (rīchi mājan). See Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg Japanese Mahjong on Wikipedia.Wikipedia .

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

麻雀 (majak) (hangeul 마작)

  1. Hanja form? of 마작 (mahjong).

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Noun[edit]

麻雀

  1. Hán tự form of mạt chược (mahjong).