麻雀

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Chinese[edit]

 
(to have) pins and needles; tingling; hemp; numb; to bother
bird; lentigo; sparrow
simp. and trad.
(麻雀)
variant forms 蔴雀 “mahjong”
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Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

麻雀

麻雀

  1. sparrow (any member of the Passer genus)
  2. tree sparrow (Passer montanus)
  3. (dialectal) mahjong

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 麻雀 (“sparrow”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 麻雀
Taxonomic name 麻雀
Mandarin Beijing 家雀兒, 老家賊, 老家子
Taiwan 麻雀
Tianjin 家雀兒, 老家賊
Harbin 家雀兒, 老家賊, 家賊
Shenyang 家雀兒
Hailar 家雀, 家賊
Ulanhot 家雀兒, 家賊
Tongliao 家雀兒, 家賊
Chifeng 老家子
Jinan 家雀兒, 家雀子, 家雀
Muping 家雀兒, 雀兒
Luoyang 小蟲兒
Wanrong 飛蟲
Xi'an 雀兒, 麻雀兒
Qingdao 家雀
Zhengzhou 小蟲兒
Xuzhou 小老雀兒, 老雀兒
Yinchuan 麻雀子
Lanzhou 雀兒
Ürümqi 麻雀子, 乾頭麻雀子
Wuhan 麻雀
Huanggang 麻雀兒
Chengdu 麻雀, 家麻雀, 麻雀子
Guiyang 麻雀, 瓦雀
Liuzhou 麻雀, 麻雀鳥
Kunming 小雀, 穀雀
Yangzhou 麻雀子, 麻雀
Nanjing 麻雀
Hefei 麻䨂子, 麻雀子
Nantong 麻雀兒
Sokuluk (Gansu Dungan) 麻雀子
Cantonese Guangzhou 麻雀, 禾花雀
Hong Kong 麻雀
Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou) 麻雀
Foshan 禾雀
Shunde 禾花雀
Zhongshan (Shiqi) 禾丫雀
Doumen (Shangheng Tanka) 禾花雀
Doumen 禾雀
Taishan 禾雀, 麻雀
Kaiping (Chikan) 禾雀
Dongguan 麻雀, 麻鷝 Qishi
Shaoguan 麻雀
Yunfu 麻雀
Yangjiang 麻雀仔
Xinyi 麻雀
Lianjiang 麻雀仔
Kuala Lumpur 麻雀仔
Ho Chi Minh City 麻雀
Gan Nanchang 奸雀子, 奸雀, 麻雀子, 麻雀
Lichuan 禾接
Pingxiang 麻雀, 麻雀鳥仔
Hakka Meixian 禾鷝仔
Xingning 禾鷝哩
Huidong (Daling) 禾鷝仔
Qujiang 禾鷝子
Lianshan (Xiaosanjiang) 禾鷝仔
Changting 禾鷝子
Pingyu 禾鷝子
Wuping 禾鷝子
Liancheng 禾雀鳥
Ninghua 禾鷝子
Yudu 麻鳥子
Ruijin 禾鷝子, 麻鳥子
Shicheng 禾雀, 禾雀子
Shangyou 麻鳥子
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 屋檐鳥, 屋角鳥
Liudui (S. Sixian) 禾鷝仔, 屋檐鳥
Hsinchu (Hailu) 屋檐鳥
Dongshi (Dabu) 瓦雀
Hsinchu (Raoping) 屋檐鳥
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 必子鳥, 屋檐鳥, 屋角鳥
Hong Kong 禾鷝仔
Sabah (Longchuan) 麻雀
Senai 麻雀
Huizhou Jixi 麻雀
Shexian 麻雀
Tunxi 麻雀兒
Xiuning 米𪇹兒
Yixian 米雀兒
Qimen 麻雀兒
Wuyuan 童梁, 童梁鳥, 麻雀
Fuliang 麻雀, 麻鳥哩
Dexing 麻雀鳥
Jin Taiyuan 雀兒, 家雀兒, 麻雀
Pingyao 雀兒, 土雀兒, 老家雀
Xinzhou 飛鳥兒, 小雀兒
Hohhot 麻雀, 老家子
Dongsheng 老家子
Linhe 老家子
Min Bei Jian'ou 毛隻仔, 隻仔
Dikou 黃鷝仔
Songxi 雀鳥仔
Zhenghe 隻鳥仔
Zhenqian 雀鳥
Jianyang 隻仔
Wuyishan 禾隻仔
Shibei 禾味仔, 隻仔
Min Dong Fuzhou 隻隻, 隻囝 suburban
Changle 隻隻
Fuqing 隻囝
Yongtai 隻囝
Gutian 隻鳥
Fu'an 王鴓
Ningde 粟鳥
Shouning 鸕鴓
Zhouning 隻囝
Fuding 麻鳥
Matsu 隻隻
Min Nan Xiamen 粟鳥仔
Quanzhou 粟鳥仔
Jinjiang 粟鳥, 雀仔
Hui'an 雀仔
Yongchun 粟鳥
Zhangzhou 粟鳥仔, 厝頭雀仔
Longhai 厝頭雀仔
Changtai 粟鳥仔
Zhangpu 厝頭雀仔
Dongshan 松鳥仔
Taipei 粟鳥仔
Kaohsiung 厝角鳥仔
Tainan 厝角鳥, 厝角鳥仔
Taichung 厝鳥仔
Wuqi 粟鳥仔
Hsinchu 粟鳥仔, 厝鳥仔
Taitung 厝鳥仔
Lukang 粟鳥仔
Sanxia 粟鳥
Yilan 粟鳥仔
Kinmen 杙鳥仔
Magong 厝角鳥, 厝鳥
Penang 粟仔鳥, 麻雀鳥
Singapore 粟鳥仔, 粟鳥, 麻雀
Datian 檐賓仔
Chaozhou 麻雀
Shantou 麻雀
Haifeng 麻雀
Johor Bahru 麻雀
Wenchang 鳥暝
Haikou 鳥暝
Leizhou 鳥暝
Puxian Min Putian 鳥囝
Xianyou 鳥囝
Pinghua Nanning (Tingzi) 偷飯雀, 麻鷝雀
Shehua Fuding 麻鳥
Sanming 八哥鳥
Hua'an 麻雀
Jingning 食穀鳥
Chaozhou 麻雀
Fengshun 禾鷝
Wu Shanghai 麻雀, 麻將鳥, 麻將 dated, 麻鳥 dated
Suzhou 麻雀
Wuxi 麻雀, 麻雀子
Hangzhou 麻雀兒, 雀兒
Wenzhou 雀兒, 吃穀雀兒
Chongming 麻將
Danyang 麻雀, 麻雀雀, 麻雀子
Jinhua 麻雀, 麻雀兒
Ningbo 麻將
Xiang Changsha 麻雀子, 麻雀
Shuangfeng 麻賊子
Loudi 麻雀子
Dialectal synonyms of 麻將 (“mahjong”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 麻將
Mandarin Beijing 麻將
Taiwan 麻將
Cantonese Guangzhou 麻雀
Hong Kong 麻雀
Taishan 麻雀
Gan Nanchang 麻將
Hakka Meixian 麻雀
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 麻雀
Liudui (S. Sixian) 麻雀
Hsinchu (Hailu) 麻雀
Dongshi (Dabu) 麻雀
Hsinchu (Raoping) 麻雀
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 麻雀
Jin Taiyuan 麻將
Min Bei Jian'ou 雀牌
Min Dong Fuzhou 麻雀
Min Nan Xiamen 麻雀
Quanzhou 麻雀
Zhangzhou 麻雀
Taipei 麻雀
Kaohsiung 麻雀
Penang 麻雀
Philippines (Manila) 麻雀
Wu Shanghai 麻將
Xiang Changsha 麻將

Descendants[edit]

  • Burmese: မာကျောက် (ma-kyauk)

Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
麻雀 (mājan): a round of mahjong
Kanji in this term
Grade: S Jinmeiyō
Irregular

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

First attested around the late Meiji period.

Borrowed from Mandarin 麻將 (májiàng).[1][2]

The kanji spelling is ateji (当て字), from Chinese 麻雀 (literally sparrow).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

麻雀 (katakana マージャン, rōmaji mājan)

  1. mahjong

Usage notes[edit]

Usually refers exclusively to the Japanese variation, also known as 立直麻雀 (rīchi mājan). See Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg Japanese Mahjong on Wikipedia.Wikipedia .

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

麻雀 (majak) (hangeul 마작)

  1. Hanja form? of 마작 (mahjong).

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Noun[edit]

麻雀

  1. Hán tự form of mạt chược (mahjong).