麻將

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See also: 麻将

Chinese[edit]

 
(to have) pins and needles; tingling; hemp; numb; to bother
 
a general; (will, shall, "future tense"); ready; prepared; to get; to use
trad. (麻將)
simp. (麻将)
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Etymology[edit]

From 麻雀 (máquè, “sparrow”), with a diminutive suffix /ŋ̍/ (syllabic velar nasal) from some Wu dialect (compare Modern Wenzhou dialect /ŋ̍/). This suffix then fused with the preceding syllable, and was conserved in the form of a nasal rime /-ŋ/. As an example compare Modern Shanghai dialect (old pron.: /t͡ɕiᴀʔ⁵⁵/ obsolete or nonstandard characters (ᴀ), invalid IPA characters (ᴀ)) + /-ŋ̍/ /t͡ɕiã⁵³/.

The game of mahjong was called 馬吊马吊 during the Ming and Qing dynasties, where the second syllable presumably represented a Wu dialectal pronunciation of (niǎo) ("bird", see there for more).

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

麻將

  1. mahjong
  2. (chiefly Wu, dated in Shanghai) sparrow

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 麻將 (“mahjong”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 麻將
Mandarin Beijing 麻將
Taiwan 麻將
Cantonese Guangzhou 麻雀
Hong Kong 麻雀
Taishan 麻雀
Gan Nanchang 麻將
Hakka Meixian 麻雀
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 麻雀
Liudui (S. Sixian) 麻雀
Hsinchu (Hailu) 麻雀
Dongshi (Dabu) 麻雀
Zhuolan (Raoping) 麻雀
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 麻雀
Jin Taiyuan 麻將
Min Bei Jian'ou 雀牌
Min Dong Fuzhou 麻雀
Min Nan Xiamen 麻雀
Quanzhou 麻雀
Zhangzhou 麻雀
Taipei 麻雀
Kaohsiung 麻雀
Penang 麻雀
Wu Shanghai 麻將
Xiang Changsha 麻將
Dialectal synonyms of 麻雀 (“sparrow”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 麻雀
Taxonomic name 麻雀
Mandarin Beijing 家雀兒老家賊老家子
Taiwan 麻雀
Jinan 家雀兒家雀子
Xi'an 雀兒麻雀兒
Wuhan 麻雀
Chengdu 麻雀家麻雀麻雀子
Yangzhou 麻雀子
Hefei 麻䨂子麻雀子
Cantonese Guangzhou 麻雀
Hong Kong 麻雀
Taishan 麻雀禾雀
Yangjiang 麻雀仔
Gan Nanchang 奸雀子麻雀子
Hakka Meixian 禾鷝仔
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 屋簷鳥屋角鳥
Liudui (S. Sixian) 禾鷝仔屋簷鳥屋角鳥
Hsinchu (Hailu) 屋簷鳥
Dongshi (Dabu) 瓦雀
Zhuolan (Raoping) 屋簷鳥
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 必子鳥屋簷鳥屋角鳥
Jin Taiyuan 雀兒家雀兒
Min Bei Jian'ou 毛隻仔隻仔
Min Dong Fuzhou 隻隻
Min Nan Xiamen 粟鳥仔
Quanzhou 粟鳥仔
Zhangzhou 粟鳥仔厝頭雀仔
Kaohsiung 厝角鳥仔
Tainan 厝角鳥
Taichung 厝鳥仔
Yilan 粟鳥仔
Lukang 粟鳥仔
Sanxia 粟鳥
Kinmen 杙鳥仔
Magong 厝角鳥
Hsinchu 粟鳥仔
Penang 粟仔鳥麻雀鳥
Chaozhou 麻雀
Wu Shanghai 麻雀麻將 dated麻鳥 dated
Suzhou 麻雀
Wenzhou 雀兒吃穀雀兒
Xiang Changsha 麻雀麻雀子
Shuangfeng 麻賊子