Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: , , , and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
鳥-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 196 +0, 11 strokes, cangjie input 竹日卜火 (HAYF), four-corner 27327)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1480, character 52
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 46634
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2012, character 25
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4613, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9CE5

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
Harpyhaliaetus coronatus.jpg

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Small seal script
鳥-oracle.svg 鳥-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形): a bird with a dangling tail.

Compare , which is very similar, of similar origin, and , which originated from a similar image of a bird, but is today rather more abstract and less recognizable.

Compare also (“horse”), whose current form is similar (graphically, for claws/legs).

Etymology[edit]

Originally pronounced with a 't-' initial (compare (dǎo, “island”)), but in many dialects changed to a “n-” initial to avoid homophony with (diǎo, “penis”).

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /niɑu²¹⁴/
Harbin /niau²¹³/
Tianjin /niɑu¹³/
Jinan /tiɔ⁵⁵/
Qingdao /niɔ⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /niau⁵³/
Xi'an /niau⁵³/
Xining /ȵiɔ⁵³/
Yinchuan /niɔ⁵³/
Lanzhou /ȵiɔ⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /ȵiɔ⁵¹/
Wuhan /niau⁴²/
Chengdu /ȵiau⁵³/
Guiyang /niao⁴²/
Kunming /niɔ⁵³/
Nanjing /liɔo²¹²/
Hefei /liɔ⁵⁵/
/tiɔ²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /niau⁵³/
Pingyao /ȵiɔ⁵³/
Hohhot /niɔ⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /tiɔ⁵³/
/ȵiɔ⁵³/
Suzhou /ȵiæ⁵¹/
/tiæ⁵¹/
Hangzhou /ȵiɔ⁵³/
Wenzhou /ȵa³⁵/
Hui Shexian /niɔ³⁵/ 飛~
/tiɔ³⁵/ 啄木~
Tunxi /liun²⁴/
/lin²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ȵiau⁴¹/
/tiau⁴¹/
Xiangtan /tiaɯ⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /ȵiɛu²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /tiau⁴⁴/ ~兒
/tiau³¹/ 罵人話
Taoyuan /ŋiɑu²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /niu²³/
Nanning /tiu³⁵/
/niu²⁴/
Hong Kong /niu¹³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tiau⁵³/
/niau⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sɛu³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /niau²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡siau⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡siau²¹³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (5)
Final () (93)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/teuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/teuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/teuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tɛwX/
Li
Rong
/teuX/
Wang
Li
/tieuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tieuX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
diǎo
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
niǎo
Middle
Chinese
‹ tewX ›
Old
Chinese
/*tˤiwʔ/
English bird

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9511
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tɯːwʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. bird   (Classifier: m; m)
  2. Alternative form of (diǎo, “penis”).
  3. (dialect) to pay attention to
  4. (intensifier) damned, goddamn

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
(tori): various kinds of birds.
Kanji in this term
とり
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Probably cognate with Middle Korean ᄃᆞᆰ ‎(tolk), modern Korean ‎(dak, fowl; chicken).

May also be related to the Japanese verb 飛ぶ ‎(tobu, to fly).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana とり, romaji tori)

  1. a bird
  2. a chicken
  3. fowl or chicken meat

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jo) (hangeul , revised jo, McCune-Reischauer cho, Yale co)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(điểu, đeo, đéo, đẽo)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.