chicken

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English[edit]

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Chicken portrait.jpg

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English chicken, from Old English ċicen, cycen ‎(chicken), diminutive of coc, cocc ‎(cock, rooster), or from Proto-Germanic *kiukīną ‎(chicken). Cognate with North Frisian schückling ‎(chicken), Saterland Frisian Sjuuken ‎(chicken), Dutch kuiken ‎(chick, chicken), Low German küken ‎(chicken), German Küken ‎(chick), German dialectal Küchlein ‎(chicken) and Old Norse kjúklingr ‎(chicken). More at cock, -en.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

chicken ‎(countable and uncountable, plural chickens)

  1. (countable) A domestic fowl, Gallus gallus, especially when young
  2. (uncountable) The meat from this bird eaten as food.
  3. (countable, slang) A coward.
  4. (countable, gay slang) A young, attractive, slim man, usually having little body hair. Compare chickenhawk
  5. (countable, slang) A young or inexperienced person.
    • 1887, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, A Study in Scarlet, III:
      "This case will make a stir, sir," he remarked. "It beats anything I have seen, and I am no chicken."
    • Jonathan Swift
      Stella is no chicken.
  6. A confrontational game in which the participants move toward each other at high speed (usually in automobiles); the player who turns first to avoid colliding into the other is the chicken (i.e., the loser.)
    Don't play chicken with a freight train; you're guaranteed to lose.
  7. The game of dare.

Synonyms[edit]

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Translations[edit]

Adjective[edit]

chicken ‎(comparative more chicken, superlative most chicken)

  1. cowardly

Verb[edit]

chicken ‎(third-person singular simple present chickens, present participle chickening, simple past and past participle chickened)

  1. (intransitive) To avoid as a result of fear.
  2. (intransitive) To develop physical or other characteristics resembling a chicken's, for example, bumps on the skin.

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