kura

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See also: Kura, kurą, kúra, kůra, kūra, and kurā

Bambara[edit]

Adjective[edit]

kura

  1. new

References[edit]

Basque[edit]

Noun[edit]

kura

  1. allative singular of ku

Czech[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *kura.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kura f

  1. (archaic) hen
Declension[edit]
Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

kura m

  1. genitive/accusative singular of kur

Further reading[edit]

  • kura in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • kura in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Fijian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Oceanic *gurat.

Noun[edit]

kura

  1. noni

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *kura (dirt, mud) (compare Estonian kura), possibly borrowed from Proto-Germanic *gurą or from Proto-Uralic *kura (dirt, mud).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkurɑ/, [ˈkurɑ̝]
  • Rhymes: -urɑ
  • Syllabification(key): ku‧ra

Noun[edit]

kura

  1. mud, dirt
  2. (informal) garbage, trash, rubbish, something worthless (especially in the partitive singular)
    Tuohan on täyttä kuraa.
    But that thing is complete garbage.
  3. (slang) wet, unhardened concrete
  4. (colloquial) diarrhea
    Hänellä on vatsa kuralla.
    She has diarrhea.

Declension[edit]

Inflection of kura (Kotus type 10/koira, no gradation)
nominative kura kurat
genitive kuran kurien
partitive kuraa kuria
illative kuraan kuriin
singular plural
nominative kura kurat
accusative nom. kura kurat
gen. kuran
genitive kuran kurien
kurainrare
partitive kuraa kuria
inessive kurassa kurissa
elative kurasta kurista
illative kuraan kuriin
adessive kuralla kurilla
ablative kuralta kurilta
allative kuralle kurille
essive kurana kurina
translative kuraksi kuriksi
abessive kuratta kuritta
instructive kurin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of kura (Kotus type 10/koira, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative kurani kurani
accusative nom. kurani kurani
gen. kurani
genitive kurani kurieni
kurainirare
partitive kuraani kuriani
inessive kurassani kurissani
elative kurastani kuristani
illative kuraani kuriini
adessive kurallani kurillani
ablative kuraltani kuriltani
allative kuralleni kurilleni
essive kuranani kurinani
translative kurakseni kurikseni
abessive kurattani kurittani
instructive
comitative kurineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative kurasi kurasi
accusative nom. kurasi kurasi
gen. kurasi
genitive kurasi kuriesi
kuraisirare
partitive kuraasi kuriasi
inessive kurassasi kurissasi
elative kurastasi kuristasi
illative kuraasi kuriisi
adessive kurallasi kurillasi
ablative kuraltasi kuriltasi
allative kurallesi kurillesi
essive kuranasi kurinasi
translative kuraksesi kuriksesi
abessive kurattasi kurittasi
instructive
comitative kurinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative kuramme kuramme
accusative nom. kuramme kuramme
gen. kuramme
genitive kuramme kuriemme
kuraimmerare
partitive kuraamme kuriamme
inessive kurassamme kurissamme
elative kurastamme kuristamme
illative kuraamme kuriimme
adessive kurallamme kurillamme
ablative kuraltamme kuriltamme
allative kurallemme kurillemme
essive kuranamme kurinamme
translative kuraksemme kuriksemme
abessive kurattamme kurittamme
instructive
comitative kurinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative kuranne kuranne
accusative nom. kuranne kuranne
gen. kuranne
genitive kuranne kurienne
kurainnerare
partitive kuraanne kurianne
inessive kurassanne kurissanne
elative kurastanne kuristanne
illative kuraanne kuriinne
adessive kurallanne kurillanne
ablative kuraltanne kuriltanne
allative kurallenne kurillenne
essive kurananne kurinanne
translative kuraksenne kuriksenne
abessive kurattanne kurittanne
instructive
comitative kurinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative kuransa kuransa
accusative nom. kuransa kuransa
gen. kuransa
genitive kuransa kuriensa
kurainsarare
partitive kuraansa kuriaan
kuriansa
inessive kurassaan
kurassansa
kurissaan
kurissansa
elative kurastaan
kurastansa
kuristaan
kuristansa
illative kuraansa kuriinsa
adessive kurallaan
kurallansa
kurillaan
kurillansa
ablative kuraltaan
kuraltansa
kuriltaan
kuriltansa
allative kuralleen
kurallensa
kurilleen
kurillensa
essive kuranaan
kuranansa
kurinaan
kurinansa
translative kurakseen
kuraksensa
kurikseen
kuriksensa
abessive kurattaan
kurattansa
kurittaan
kurittansa
instructive
comitative kurineen
kurinensa

Derived terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Hausa[edit]

Noun[edit]

kūrā f (plural kūrā̀yē, possessed form kūrar̃)

  1. hyena

Ingrian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *kura. Cognates include dialectal Finnish kura and dialectal Estonian kura.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

kura

  1. left
    • 1936, L. G. Terehova, V. G. Erdeli, translated by Mihailov and P. I. Maksimov, Geografia: oppikirja iƶoroin alkușkoulun kolmatta klaassaa vart (ensimäine osa), Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-Pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 5:
      Kurast poolest meitä kiiree vilkahti orava.
      From the left side a squirrel flashed past us.

Declension[edit]

Declension of kura (type 3/koira, no gradation, gemination)
singular plural
nominative kura kurat
genitive kuran kurriin
partitive kurraa kurria
illative kurraa kurrii
inessive kuras kuris
elative kurast kurist
allative kuralle kurille
adessive kural kuril
ablative kuralt kurilt
translative kuraks kuriks
essive kuranna, kurraan kurinna, kurriin
exessive1) kurant kurint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka? or -kä? to the genitive.

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • V. I. Junus (1936) Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[2], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 59
  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 221
  • Olga I. Konkova; Nikita A. Dyachkov (2014) Inkeroin Keel: Пособие по Ижорскому Языку[3], →ISBN, page 79

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

kura

  1. Rōmaji transcription of くら

Latvian[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

kura

  1. inflection of kurš:
    1. genitive singular masculine
    2. nominative singular feminine

Livonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Related to Veps hura (left) and Votic kurõa.

Adjective[edit]

kura

  1. left (opposite of right)

Lower Sorbian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *kura.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kura f animal (diminutive kurka)

  1. chicken, hen

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Muka, Arnošt (1921, 1928), “kura”, in Słownik dolnoserbskeje rěcy a jeje narěcow (in German), St. Petersburg, Prague: ОРЯС РАН, ČAVU; Reprinted Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag, 2008
  • Starosta, Manfred (1999), “kura”, in Dolnoserbsko-nimski słownik / Niedersorbisch-deutsches Wörterbuch (in German), Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag

Maori[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Oceanic *gurat noni (Morinda citrifolia), referring to use of its roots that yield a red dye. Cognate with Fijian kura.

Noun[edit]

kura

  1. red
    Synonym: whero
Colors in Maori · ngā tae (layout · text)
     , tea      kiwikiwi      pango
             whero, kura              karaka; parauri              kōwhai, renga
                          kākāriki              kārikiuri
                          kikorangi              kahurangi
             tūāuri              waiporoporo              māwhero

Etymology 2[edit]

From English school.

Noun[edit]

kura

  1. school, an educational institution providing primary and secondary education.

Mapudungun[edit]

Noun[edit]

kura (Raguileo spelling)

  1. stone

References[edit]

  • Wixaleyiñ: Mapucezugun-wigkazugun pici hemvlcijka (Wixaleyiñ: Small Mapudungun-Spanish dictionary), Beretta, Marta; Cañumil, Dario; Cañumil, Tulio, 2008.

Pitjantjatjara[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

kura

  1. bad
  2. useless

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

  • kura-kura (ordinary, mundane; poor-quality; weird, strange)
  • kuraṉi (to spoil, to make bad)
  • kuranmananyi (to malign, to defame)
  • kuraringanyi (to turn bad; to hate, to dislike; to break down)

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl
kura

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈku.ra/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ura
  • Syllabification: ku‧ra

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *kura.

Noun[edit]

kura f (male equivalent kogut, diminutive kurka, augmentative kurzysko)

  1. hen
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
adjective
verbs

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun[edit]

kura m animal

  1. genitive/accusative singular of kur

Further reading[edit]

  • kura in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • kura in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Rwanda-Rundi[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Verb[edit]

-kûra (infinitive gukûra, perfective -kûye)

  1. remove, take away

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *-kʊ́da.

Verb[edit]

-kúra (infinitive gukúra, perfective -kúze)

  1. grow up

Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *kura.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kura n (genitive singular kuraťa, nominative plural kurence, genitive plural kureniec, declension pattern of dievča)

  1. chicken

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • kura”, in Slovníkový portál Jazykovedného ústavu Ľ. Štúra SAV [Dictionary portal of the Ľ. Štúr Institute of Linguistics, Slovak Academy of Science] (in Slovak), https://slovnik.juls.savba.sk, 2024

Slovene[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *kura.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kúra f

  1. hen (female chicken)
    Synonym: kokọ̑š

Inflection[edit]

The diacritics used in this section of the entry are non-tonal. If you are a native tonal speaker, please help by adding the tonal marks.
Feminine, a-stem
nom. sing. kúra
gen. sing. kúre
singular dual plural
nominative
(imenovȃlnik)
kúra kúri kúre
genitive
(rodȋlnik)
kúre kúr kúr
dative
(dajȃlnik)
kúri kúrama kúram
accusative
(tožȋlnik)
kúro kúri kúre
locative
(mẹ̑stnik)
kúri kúrah kúrah
instrumental
(orọ̑dnik)
kúro kúrama kúrami

Further reading[edit]

  • kura”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Swahili[edit]

Swahili Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sw

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Arabicقُرْعَة(qurʕa).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kura (n class, plural kura)

  1. lot (as in drawing lots)
  2. ballot

Derived terms[edit]

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Swedish kura. Cognate with English cower, German kauern (to squat).

Verb[edit]

kura (present kurar, preterite kurade, supine kurat, imperative kura)

  1. to huddle, to cower
    Vi fann honom kurande bakom en trästock
    We found him cowering behind a log
  2. (in "kura ihop sig") to curl up
  3. (by extension) to hole up (usually figuratively, of staying in some place in a somewhat asocial manner or the like)
    sitta hemma och kura
    be holed up at home

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Tagalog[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish cura, from Ecclesiastical Latin cūra (monastic office holder, obedientiary) from Latin cūra (warden, administrator).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: ku‧ra
  • IPA(key): /ˈkuɾa/, [ˈku.ɾɐ]

Noun[edit]

kura (Baybayin spelling ᜃᜓᜇ)

  1. (ecclesiastical) curate; parish priest
    Synonyms: pari, kura paroko, saserdote, (colloquial) among
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: ku‧ra
  • IPA(key): /ˈkuɾaʔ/, [ˈku.ɾɐʔ]

Noun[edit]

kurà (Baybayin spelling ᜃᜓᜇ)

  1. outdoor picnic held near a spring, river, lake, or any waterway
    Synonym: piknik

Further reading[edit]

Tausug[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Malay kuda.

Noun[edit]

kura

  1. horse

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkishقرعه⁩, borrowed from Arabicقُرْعة(qurʕa).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kura (definite accusative kurayı, plural kuralar)

  1. Choosing the outcome among two or more candidates by chance; drawing lots, drawing straws.
    Synonyms: çekiliş, ad çekimi, ad çekme

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative kura
Definite accusative kurayı
Singular Plural
Nominative kura kuralar
Definite accusative kurayı kuraları
Dative kuraya kuralara
Locative kurada kuralarda
Ablative kuradan kuralardan
Genitive kuranın kuraların
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular kuram kuralarım
2nd singular kuran kuraların
3rd singular kurası kuraları
1st plural kuramız kuralarımız
2nd plural kuranız kuralarınız
3rd plural kuraları kuraları
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular kuramı kuralarımı
2nd singular kuranı kuralarını
3rd singular kurasını kuralarını
1st plural kuramızı kuralarımızı
2nd plural kuranızı kuralarınızı
3rd plural kuralarını kuralarını
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular kurama kuralarıma
2nd singular kurana kuralarına
3rd singular kurasına kuralarına
1st plural kuramıza kuralarımıza
2nd plural kuranıza kuralarınıza
3rd plural kuralarına kuralarına
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular kuramda kuralarımda
2nd singular kuranda kuralarında
3rd singular kurasında kuralarında
1st plural kuramızda kuralarımızda
2nd plural kuranızda kuralarınızda
3rd plural kuralarında kuralarında
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular kuramdan kuralarımdan
2nd singular kurandan kuralarından
3rd singular kurasından kuralarından
1st plural kuramızdan kuralarımızdan
2nd plural kuranızdan kuralarınızdan
3rd plural kuralarından kuralarından
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular kuramın kuralarımın
2nd singular kuranın kuralarının
3rd singular kurasının kuralarının
1st plural kuramızın kuralarımızın
2nd plural kuranızın kuralarınızın
3rd plural kuralarının kuralarının

Related terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

kura

  1. dative singular of kur

Further reading[edit]

  • kura”, in Turkish dictionaries, Türk Dil Kurumu

Yoruba[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Hausa kūrā (hyena).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kúrá

  1. An irredeemable person, unrepentant, hopeless, rogue

Etymology 2[edit]

(to die) +‎ (to decay)

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

kúrà

  1. to decompose
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

(to die) +‎ ara (body)

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

kúra

  1. to feel numb, to suffer from numbness, to be impotent
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Ideophone[edit]

kùrà

  1. Emphasizing the act of scooping or digging dirt with one's hands
    Mò ń bu iyẹ̀pẹ̀ kùràI am heavily scooping up dirt