From Middle English hiena, variant of hyene, from Old French hiene, from Medieval Latin hyēna, from Latin hyaena, from Ancient Greek ὕαινα (húaina). Displaced native Old English nihtgenġe (literally "night walker").
- Any of the medium-sized to large feliform carnivores of the subfamily Hyaeninae (genera Hyaena and Crocuta), native to Africa and Asia and noted for the sound similar to laughter which they can make if excited.
- 1994, T. M. Caro, Cheetahs of the Serengeti Plains: Group Living in an Asocial Species, page 283:
- I took no systematic data on the costs to cheetahs and hyenas, but some anecdotes suggest that both parties took numerical advantage and hunger into account.
- 2002, Maskew Miller Longman, Find Out about African Animals, page 28:
- Hyenas are scavengers, which means they eat food left behind by other animals and people.
- 2003, Anne Engh, Kay E. Holekamp, Case Study 5A: Maternal Rank "Inheritance" in the Spotted Hyena, Frans B. M. De Waal, Peter L Tyack (editors), Animal Social Complexity: Intelligence, Culture, and Individualized Societies, page 149,
- Hyena biologists often think of spotted hyenas (Crocuta crocuta) as baboons with big teeth and relatively small brains.
- (Sub-Saharan Africa) A man that performs ritualized sex acts with recently widowed women and menarchal girls.
- see Citations:hyena
- brown hyena (Hyaena brunnea)
- laughing hyena (= spotted hyena)
- spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta)
- striped hyena (Hyaena hyaena)
- hyena (large carnivore)
- hyena in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
- hyena in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
hyena f (plural hyene)
- Obsolete spelling of
- a hyena
|Declension of hyena|