բորենի

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Armenian[edit]

բորենի

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Old Armenian բորենի (boreni)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

բորենի (boreni)

  1. hyena

Usage notes[edit]

In colloquial speech Russian гие́на (gijéna) is often used instead.

Declension[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

According to Martirosyan, borrowed from Iranian *bōr- (brown, multicoloured) +‎ -ենի (-eni, fur/skin suffix).[1] Compare Middle Persian bwl (bōr, reddish-brown, bay, chestnut (horse)), Northern Kurdish bor (grey), Persian بور (bur); see there for more. The original meaning of բորենի (boreni) may have been “fur of hyena”. See also բոր (bor), բորեկ (borek).

On the other hand, Ačaṙyan derives from the o-grade of Proto-Indo-European *bʰer- (brown), whence Lithuanian bė́ras (brown), Proto-Germanic *brūnaz (brown), *berô (bear), Proto-Indo-European *bʰébʰrus (beaver).[2][3]

Noun[edit]

բորենի (boreni)

  1. hyena

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 189
  2. ^ Ačaṙyan, Hračʿya (1940) Hayocʿ lezvi patmutʿyun [History of the Armenian Language] (in Armenian), volume I, Yerevan: University Press, pages 42–43
  3. ^ Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “բորենի”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press

Further reading[edit]

  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “բորենի”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “բորենի”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy