Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/bʰerH-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*bʰerH-[1]

  1. to pierce
  2. to strike

Extensions[edit]

  • *bʰer-dʰ-
    • Hellenic: [Term?]

Derived terms[edit]

  • *bʰer-ano-
    • Armenian:
  • *bʰorH-(e)-ti (o-grade root present?)
  • *bʰorH-ye-ti (o-grade ye-present?)
    • Germanic: *barjaną (see there for further descendants)
  • *bʰorH-eh₂yé-ti
  • *bʰorH-ni-s
  • *bʰr̥H-eh₂
  • *bʰr̥H-o-m
  • Unsorted formations:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume I, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, pages 133–134

Alternative reconstructions[edit]

Root[edit]

*bʰerH-[3][4]

  1. brown

Derived terms[edit]

  • *bʰerH-o-s[4][3]
  • *bʰérH-ō ~ *bʰr̥H-nés[3] (possibly, alternatively perhaps from *ǵʰwer- (wild (animal))[2])
    • Germanic: *berô (bear) (see there for further descendants)
  • *bʰérH-u-s ~ *bʰr̥H-éw-s[5] (possibly)
    • *bʰruH-nó-s (possibly from metathesized *bʰr̥Hu-nó-s)
      • Germanic: *brūnaz (brown)[6] (see there for further descendants)
    • *bʰé-bʰr-u-s (beaver)[1][5][7] (possibly, or perhaps via *bʰé-bʰr̥ ~ *bʰi-bʰr-ós[8][9])
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Armenian:
      • Old Armenian: բորենի (boreni, hyena) (or borrowed from the Iranian cognate)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Pokorny, Julius (1959), “5. bher-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume I, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, pages 136-137
  2. 2.0 2.1 Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*beran-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 59-60
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Derksen, Rick (2015), “bėras”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 87
  5. 5.0 5.1 Fortson, Benjamin W. (2004, 2010) Indo-European Language and Culture: An Introduction, Oxford: Blackwell
  6. ^ Orel, Vladimir (2003), “*ƀrūnaz”, in A Handbook of Germanic Etymology, Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 60
  7. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “bebras”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 84-85
  8. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2011) Comparative Indo-European Linguistics: An Introduction, revised and corrected by Michiel de Vaan, 2nd edition, Amsterdam, Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company, pages 265
  9. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*bebura-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 57-58