kuru

From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Kuru, kurů, kůru, kůrů, and kūru

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Fore kúru (literally trembling, shivering).[1][2] Perhaps eventually from Proto-Gorokan *kút(V) (“dangling, shaking”) if cognate with the reduplicated element of Yagaria gúli gúli hu- (be loose, rattle).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kuru (uncountable)

  1. A chronic, progressive, fatal central nervous system disease found mainly among the Fore and neighboring peoples of New Guinea, caused by a prion that probably resembles the scrapie agent of sheep, transmissible to nonhuman primates, and believed to be transmitted by ritual cannibalism.
    Synonyms: laughing death, laughing sickness
    • 1999, Matt Ridley, Genome, Harper Perennial, published 2004, page 273:
      By the late 1950s, kuru was the leading cause of death among Fore women, and it had killed so many that men outnumbered women by three to one.

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Scott, Graham (1978) The Fore Language of Papua New Guinea, Pacific Linguistics, →DOI, →ISBN, pages 2, 6
  2. ^ “Kuru: Clinical study of a new syndrome resembling paralysis agitans in natives of the Eastern Highlands of Australian New Guinea”, in Medical Journal of Australia, volume 2, issue 21, 23 November 1957, →DOI, pages 745-754

Anagrams[edit]

Ainu[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kuru (Kana spelling クル, plural utara)

  1. (with modifiers) person

Usage notes[edit]

This word is similar in usage to Japanese (もの) (mono), in the sense that it cannot stand in a sentence as an independent word and is never used without a modifier.

See also[edit]

  • pe (thing)

Ajië[edit]

Verb[edit]

kuru

  1. sleep

References[edit]

  • Handschuh, Corinna (2014) A typology of marked-S languages

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kuru

  1. dative/locative singular of kur

Esperanto[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈkuru]
  • Audio:
    (file)
  • Rhymes: -uru
  • Hyphenation: ku‧ru

Verb[edit]

kuru

  1. imperative of kuri

Fijian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Central-Pacific *kuru, from Proto-Oceanic *kuruq, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *guruq.

Noun[edit]

kuru (plural kurukuru)

  1. thunder (sound caused by a lightning)

Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkuru/, [ˈkuru]
  • Rhymes: -uru
  • Syllabification(key): ku‧ru

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *kuru (compare Estonian kuru), from Proto-Finno-Ugric *kure (compare Komi-Zyrian кыр (kyr), Eastern Mari курык (kuryk), Eastern Khanty кор (kor)).

Noun[edit]

kuru

  1. (geography) gorge, gulch, ravine, flume (narrow v-shaped valley, often with water running through)
    Hypernym: rotko
  2. canyon
    Synonyms: kanjoni, rotko
Declension[edit]
Inflection of kuru (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
nominative kuru kurut
genitive kurun kurujen
partitive kurua kuruja
illative kuruun kuruihin
singular plural
nominative kuru kurut
accusative nom. kuru kurut
gen. kurun
genitive kurun kurujen
partitive kurua kuruja
inessive kurussa kuruissa
elative kurusta kuruista
illative kuruun kuruihin
adessive kurulla kuruilla
ablative kurulta kuruilta
allative kurulle kuruille
essive kuruna kuruina
translative kuruksi kuruiksi
abessive kurutta kuruitta
instructive kuruin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of kuru (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative kuruni kuruni
accusative nom. kuruni kuruni
gen. kuruni
genitive kuruni kurujeni
partitive kuruani kurujani
inessive kurussani kuruissani
elative kurustani kuruistani
illative kuruuni kuruihini
adessive kurullani kuruillani
ablative kurultani kuruiltani
allative kurulleni kuruilleni
essive kurunani kuruinani
translative kurukseni kuruikseni
abessive kuruttani kuruittani
instructive
comitative kuruineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative kurusi kurusi
accusative nom. kurusi kurusi
gen. kurusi
genitive kurusi kurujesi
partitive kuruasi kurujasi
inessive kurussasi kuruissasi
elative kurustasi kuruistasi
illative kuruusi kuruihisi
adessive kurullasi kuruillasi
ablative kurultasi kuruiltasi
allative kurullesi kuruillesi
essive kurunasi kuruinasi
translative kuruksesi kuruiksesi
abessive kuruttasi kuruittasi
instructive
comitative kuruinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative kurumme kurumme
accusative nom. kurumme kurumme
gen. kurumme
genitive kurumme kurujemme
partitive kuruamme kurujamme
inessive kurussamme kuruissamme
elative kurustamme kuruistamme
illative kuruumme kuruihimme
adessive kurullamme kuruillamme
ablative kurultamme kuruiltamme
allative kurullemme kuruillemme
essive kurunamme kuruinamme
translative kuruksemme kuruiksemme
abessive kuruttamme kuruittamme
instructive
comitative kuruinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative kurunne kurunne
accusative nom. kurunne kurunne
gen. kurunne
genitive kurunne kurujenne
partitive kuruanne kurujanne
inessive kurussanne kuruissanne
elative kurustanne kuruistanne
illative kuruunne kuruihinne
adessive kurullanne kuruillanne
ablative kurultanne kuruiltanne
allative kurullenne kuruillenne
essive kurunanne kuruinanne
translative kuruksenne kuruiksenne
abessive kuruttanne kuruittanne
instructive
comitative kuruinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative kurunsa kurunsa
accusative nom. kurunsa kurunsa
gen. kurunsa
genitive kurunsa kurujensa
partitive kuruaan
kuruansa
kurujaan
kurujansa
inessive kurussaan
kurussansa
kuruissaan
kuruissansa
elative kurustaan
kurustansa
kuruistaan
kuruistansa
illative kuruunsa kuruihinsa
adessive kurullaan
kurullansa
kuruillaan
kuruillansa
ablative kurultaan
kurultansa
kuruiltaan
kuruiltansa
allative kurulleen
kurullensa
kuruilleen
kuruillensa
essive kurunaan
kurunansa
kuruinaan
kuruinansa
translative kurukseen
kuruksensa
kuruikseen
kuruiksensa
abessive kuruttaan
kuruttansa
kuruittaan
kuruittansa
instructive
comitative kuruineen
kuruinensa
Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From English kuru, from Fore kúru (trembling, shivering; kuru).

Noun[edit]

kuru

  1. (pathology) kuru
Declension[edit]
Inflection of kuru (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
nominative kuru
genitive kurun
partitive kurua
illative kuruun
singular plural
nominative kuru
accusative nom. kuru
gen. kurun
genitive kurun
partitive kurua
inessive kurussa
elative kurusta
illative kuruun
adessive kurulla
ablative kurulta
allative kurulle
essive kuruna
translative kuruksi
abessive kurutta
instructive
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of kuru (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative kuruni
accusative nom. kuruni
gen. kuruni
genitive kuruni
partitive kuruani
inessive kurussani
elative kurustani
illative kuruuni
adessive kurullani
ablative kurultani
allative kurulleni
essive kurunani
translative kurukseni
abessive kuruttani
instructive
comitative
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative kurusi
accusative nom. kurusi
gen. kurusi
genitive kurusi
partitive kuruasi
inessive kurussasi
elative kurustasi
illative kuruusi
adessive kurullasi
ablative kurultasi
allative kurullesi
essive kurunasi
translative kuruksesi
abessive kuruttasi
instructive
comitative
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative kurumme
accusative nom. kurumme
gen. kurumme
genitive kurumme
partitive kuruamme
inessive kurussamme
elative kurustamme
illative kuruumme
adessive kurullamme
ablative kurultamme
allative kurullemme
essive kurunamme
translative kuruksemme
abessive kuruttamme
instructive
comitative
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative kurunne
accusative nom. kurunne
gen. kurunne
genitive kurunne
partitive kuruanne
inessive kurussanne
elative kurustanne
illative kuruunne
adessive kurullanne
ablative kurultanne
allative kurullenne
essive kurunanne
translative kuruksenne
abessive kuruttanne
instructive
comitative
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative kurunsa
accusative nom. kurunsa
gen. kurunsa
genitive kurunsa
partitive kuruaan
kuruansa
inessive kurussaan
kurussansa
elative kurustaan
kurustansa
illative kuruunsa
adessive kurullaan
kurullansa
ablative kurultaan
kurultansa
allative kurulleen
kurullensa
essive kurunaan
kurunansa
translative kurukseen
kuruksensa
abessive kuruttaan
kuruttansa
instructive
comitative

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Guinea-Bissau Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Portuguese couro.

Noun[edit]

kuru

  1. skin
  2. leather

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

kuru

  1. Rōmaji transcription of くる

Javanese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

kuru (ngoko kuru, krama kera)

  1. skinny

Kwama[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Komo kura (donkey).

Noun[edit]

kuru

  1. donkey

References[edit]

  • Goldberg, Justin; Asadik, Habte; Bekama, Jiregna; Mengistu, Mulat (2016) Gwama – English Dictionary[2], SIL International

Latvian[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

kuru

  1. inflection of kurš:
    1. accusative/instrumental singular masculine/feminine
    2. genitive plural masculine/feminine

Verb[edit]

kuru

  1. first-person singular present indicative of kurt

Lower Sorbian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kuru

  1. accusative singular of kura
  2. instrumental singular of kura

Maori[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *kuluʀ. Cognates include Hawaiian ʻulu, Fijian kulu, Malay kulur.

Noun[edit]

kuru

  1. breadfruit
    Kīhai te kuru, te niu me te panana i tipu ki Aotearoa nei – he tipu ēnei i mauria haere e ngā tīpuna Māori i ō rātou torotoronga i Te Moananui-a-Kiwa.
    Breadfruit, coconut palms and bananas did not grow in New Zealand – these were plants Māori ancestors carried throughout the Pacific in their explorations.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Nuclear Polynesian *kulu (to strike).

Verb[edit]

kuru (passive kurua or kurungia or kurutia)

  1. to strike with a fist; to pound or thump

Noun[edit]

kuru

  1. mallet; fragment; hammer-head stone

Ngan'gityemerri[edit]

Noun[edit]

kuru

  1. (Ngan'gimerri) water
    Synonym: (Ngan'gikurunggurr) kuri

References[edit]

  • Tryon, Darrell T. (1970) An introduction to Maranungku (Northern Australia) (quoted online in ASJP)

Pitjantjatjara[edit]

Noun[edit]

kuru

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kuru m inan

  1. genitive singular of kur

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Fore kúru (literally trembling, shivering).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Rhymes: -u
  • Hyphenation: ku‧ru

Noun[edit]

kuru m (uncountable)

  1. (pathology) kuru (central nervous system disease among the Fore people)

Further reading[edit]

Quechua[edit]

Noun[edit]

kuru

  1. worm, caterpillar

Declension[edit]

Rasawa[edit]

Noun[edit]

kuru

  1. woman

Further reading[edit]

  • Palmer, Bill (2017) The Languages and Linguistics of the New Guinea Area, →ISBN, table 95, Comparative basic vocabulary in Lakes Plain Languages, page 531

Shona[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *-kʊ́dʊ́.

Adjective[edit]

-kúrú

  1. big, large
    Antonym: -diki
  2. great
    Antonym: -diki
  3. adult
    Antonym: -diki

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Slovak[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kuru f

  1. accusative singular of kura

Tooro[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *-kʊ́dʊ́.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

-kuru (declinable)

  1. old, senior
    Antonyms: -to (young), -hyaka (new)

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Kaji, Shigeki (2007) A Rutooro Vocabulary[3] (in English), Tokyo: Research Institute for Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa (ILCAA), →ISBN, pages 374-375

Turkish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Ottoman Turkishقورو⁩, from Proto-Turkic *kūr. Cognate with Azerbaijani quru, Tatar коры (qorı), Karachay-Balkar къуру (quru), Uzbek quruq, Uyghurقۇرۇق(quruq), Khakas хуруғ (xuruğ), Chuvash хӑрӑк (hărăk, dry (of wood)).

Adjective[edit]

kuru

  1. dry
    Antonyms: yaş, nemli
  2. emaciated
  3. depleted
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

kuru

  1. definite accusative singular of kur

Yoruba[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Possibly related to kūrū̀

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

kúrú

  1. to be short
    Antonym: ga

Derived terms[edit]