kuru

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See also: kurů, kůru, kůrů, and kūru

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Fore kúru (literally trembling, shivering).[1][2] Perhaps eventually from Proto-Gorokan *kút(V) (“dangling, shaking”) if cognate with the reduplicated element of Yagaria gúli gúli hu- (be loose, rattle).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kuru (uncountable)

  1. A chronic, progressive, fatal central nervous system disease found mainly among the Fore and neighboring peoples of New Guinea, caused by a prion that probably resembles the scrapie agent of sheep, transmissible to nonhuman primates, and believed to be transmitted by ritual cannibalism.
    • 1999, Matt Ridley, Genome, Harper Perennial 2004, p. 273:
      By the late 1950s, kuru was the leading cause of death among Fore women, and it had killed so many that men outnumbered women by three to one.

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

  1. ^ Scott, Graham (1978) The Fore Language of Papua New Guinea, Pacific Linguistics, DOI:10.15144/PL-B47, →ISBN, pages 2, 6
  2. ^ “Kuru: Clinical study of a new syndrome resembling paralysis agitans in natives of the Eastern Highlands of Australian New Guinea”, in Medical Journal of Australia, volume 2, issue 21, 23 November 1957, DOI:10.5694/j.1326-5377.1957.tb60287.x, pages 745-754

Ainu[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kuru (Kana spelling クル, plural utara)

  1. (with modifiers) person
    repunkuruforeigner (literally, “person in the sea”)
    tan kuruthis person

Usage notes[edit]

This word is similar in usage to Japanese (もの) (mono), in the sense that it cannot stand in a sentence as an independent word and is never used without a modifier.

See also[edit]

  • pe (thing)

Ajië[edit]

Verb[edit]

kuru

  1. sleep

References[edit]

  • Handschuh, Corinna (2014) A typology of marked-S languages

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kuru

  1. dative singular of kur
  2. locative singular of kur

Esperanto[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Verb[edit]

kuru

  1. imperative of kuri

Fijian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Central-Pacific *kuru, from Proto-Oceanic *kuruq, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *guruq.

Noun[edit]

kuru (plural kurukuru)

  1. thunder (sound caused by a lightning)

Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkuru/, [ˈkuru]
  • Rhymes: -uru
  • Syllabification: ku‧ru

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *kuru (compare Estonian kuru), from Proto-Finno-Ugric *kure (compare Komi-Zyrian кыр (kyr), Eastern Mari курык (kuryk), Khanty кор (kor)).

Noun[edit]

kuru

  1. (geography) gorge, gulch, ravine, flume (narrow v-shaped valley, often with water running through)
  2. canyon
Declension[edit]
Inflection of kuru (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
nominative kuru kurut
genitive kurun kurujen
partitive kurua kuruja
illative kuruun kuruihin
singular plural
nominative kuru kurut
accusative nom. kuru kurut
gen. kurun
genitive kurun kurujen
partitive kurua kuruja
inessive kurussa kuruissa
elative kurusta kuruista
illative kuruun kuruihin
adessive kurulla kuruilla
ablative kurulta kuruilta
allative kurulle kuruille
essive kuruna kuruina
translative kuruksi kuruiksi
instructive kuruin
abessive kurutta kuruitta
comitative kuruineen
Possessive forms of kuru (type valo)
possessor singular plural
1st person kuruni kurumme
2nd person kurusi kurunne
3rd person kurunsa
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From English kuru, from Fore kúru (trembling, shivering; kuru).

Noun[edit]

kuru

  1. (medicine) kuru.
Declension[edit]
Inflection of kuru (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
nominative kuru
genitive kurun
partitive kurua
illative kuruun
singular plural
nominative kuru
accusative nom. kuru
gen. kurun
genitive kurun
partitive kurua
inessive kurussa
elative kurusta
illative kuruun
adessive kurulla
ablative kurulta
allative kurulle
essive kuruna
translative kuruksi
instructive
abessive kurutta
comitative
Possessive forms of kuru (type valo)
possessor singular plural
1st person kuruni kurumme
2nd person kurusi kurunne
3rd person kurunsa

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Guinea-Bissau Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Portuguese couro.

Noun[edit]

kuru

  1. skin
  2. leather

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

kuru

  1. Rōmaji transcription of くる

Javanese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

kuru (ngoko kuru, krama kera)

  1. skinny

Latvian[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

kuru

  1. accusative singular masculine form of kurš
  2. instrumental singular masculine form of kurš
  3. genitive plural masculine form of kurš
  4. accusative singular feminine form of kurš
  5. instrumental singular feminine form of kurš
  6. genitive plural feminine form of kurš

Verb[edit]

kuru

  1. 1st person singular present indicative form of kurt

Lower Sorbian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kuru

  1. accusative singular of kura
  2. instrumental singular of kura

Maori[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *kuluʀ.

Noun[edit]

kuru

  1. breadfruit

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Nuclear Polynesian *kulu (to strike)

Verb[edit]

kuru (passive kurua or kurungia or kurutia)

  1. to strike with a fist; to pound or thump

Noun[edit]

kuru

  1. mallet; fragment; hammer-head stone

Ngan'gityemerri[edit]

Noun[edit]

kuru

  1. (Ngan'gimerri) water

Synonyms[edit]

  • kuri (Ngan'gikurunggurr)

References[edit]

  • Tryon, Darrell T. (1970) An introduction to Maranungku (Northern Australia) (quoted online in ASJP)

Pitjantjatjara[edit]

Noun[edit]

kuru

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈku.ru/
  • Rhymes: -uru
  • Syllabification: ku‧ru

Noun[edit]

kuru m inan

  1. genitive singular of kur

Portuguese[edit]

Noun[edit]

kuru m (uncountable)

  1. kuru (central nervous system disease among the Fore people)

Quechua[edit]

Noun[edit]

kuru

  1. worm, caterpillar

Declension[edit]


Rasawa[edit]

Noun[edit]

kuru

  1. woman

Further reading[edit]

  • Palmer, Bill (2017) The Languages and Linguistics of the New Guinea Area, →ISBN, table 95, Comparative basic vocabulary in Lakes Plain Languages, page 531

Shona[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *-kʊ́dʊ́.

Adjective[edit]

-kúrú

  1. big, large
  2. great
  3. adult

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Inflection[edit]


Slovak[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kuru f

  1. accusative singular of kura

Turkish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish قورو‎, from Proto-Turkic *kūr. Cognate with Azerbaijani quru, Tatar коры (qorı), Karachay-Balkar къуру (quru), Uzbek quruq, Uyghur قۇرۇق(quruq), Khakas хуруғ (xuruğ), Chuvash хӑрӑк (hărăk, dry (of wood)).


Adjective[edit]

kuru

  1. dry
  2. emaciated
  3. depleted
Antonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

kuru

  1. definite accusative singular of kur

Yoruba[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

kúrú

  1. to be short
    Antonym: ga

Derived terms[edit]